you help him?
NOTE FROM A READER
I have had an interesting time reading the articles in your website, lots of
good information regarding my heritage.
I hope you could help me in tracing my roots,
My father's surname is Ganglani, his family came from Hyderabad Sind, but he
passed away some fifteen years ago and I never learned where my ancestors came
I would appreciate it if you have any information regarding anything about the
surname Ganglani and/or relatives who might be in India or in other parts of the
I reside in the Philippines.
Thank you very much
Pirkash C. Ganglani
DEVNANI: - Seth Devandas.
Devnanis were zamindars and lived at Tando Hyder, near Hyderabad. They are
descendants of Seth Devandas.
Devandas sired Seth Pahlajrai. Seth Pahlajrai sired Seth Sirumal.
amongst Seth Sirumal’s roots was Seth Shewaram. He was a zamindar.
Shewaram enrolled his children into English Medium School and after completing
their education they went into business and flourished. Their offices under the
name of ‘M/s. Shewaram Rewachand’ were at Hyderabad, Matli, Talhar, Karachi
and Bombay. They had Cotton Ginning Mill at Matli and Hyderabad, and a rice mill
Shewaram’s eldest son was Seth Jya-jyi-mal (Jajimal). All his children were
Mr. Chandiram, the eldest son, was a Civil Engineer and in 1947 he was chairman of
Matli Municipal Committee.
the second son, was B.A., LL.B. and practiced Law at Hyderabad. He was also
member of Hyderabad Municipal Corp.
Chandiram’s third son, Dr. Chellaram held L.C.P.S. Degree and managed his
Karachi office. In addition he was member of Indian Central Cotton Committee,
and also was Vice President of Karachi Cotton Association. Dr. Chellaram was the
President The Indian Merchants Association for one term.
Rijhumal Shewaram was Secretary of Sind Ginners Association, Hyderabad and
member of Sind Cotton Committee. He was also Vice President of Hyderabad
District Local Board for three years.
Sahiti, Takhtani, Kirtani, Hingorani, Ramchandani of Hyderabad and the Malkani's
have the same Dar-ri Nukh. They all left Jaisalmer at the same time and settled
at Navsheri Firoz.
Ramrakhani were zamindars and traders. Later some of them opted for higher
education and became Advocates and some took Government jobs viz. Mr. Pessumal
and his brother Tarachand Advocates, Mr. Gobindram (Gopi) Sub. Judge and Mr.
Bhuromal Chandiram of ‘Hindu’ newspaper and others.
KANGHOR: - Raja Khanghar.
Nukh: Rai Kanghor.
Kanghors were all scattered over the Sind, from Keti Bunder to Badeen, Kutch and
that Rai Khanghar was the ruler of Kutch when these families migrated to Sind.
Rai Kanghors adapted their rulers name as their surname and Nukh. Over the years
the name Khanghar changed to Kanghor.
ancient days, Rai Kanghors lived at Rar-hi near Jati and were forced to move due
to en-gulfment by the sea or an earthquake. They then moved to Jhok Shariff and
It is said
the Rai Kanghors are a proud lot, and do not bow their head to any one. If they
had enter a narrow gate or a door where they had to bow their head to enter,
they would first insert their legs, and then the chest and then the head, thus
not bowing the head.
It is also
said that one Rai Kanghor Seth, while recounting the past glamour of his family,
inquired from his arm why it kept on moving and shaking. The arm did not heed to
his query and continued to shake and move while walking. Angered, the Rai
Kanghor Seth cut his arm off.
Kanghors used to add ‘Rai” before their first name, viz. Rai Chand etc. But
with times they dropped the word Rai and added the words Chand, Das, Mal etc.
after their first name.
RUPANI: - Seth Rupchand Vedomal.
prior to migrating to Nawabshah, Tando Adam and Mirpur Khas, lived at Village
Chanheen in district Navsheri Firoz. They were zamindars.
Rupchand Vedomal was a shopkeeper in village Chanheen. He had five sons: M/s. Manomal, Sirumal, Jagatrai, Ramkrishin and
Milyomal. Village Chanheen Mano was named after his son Mr. Manomal.
owned Cotton Ginning Mills at Tando Adam, Shahdadpur, Nawab Shah and at Bhareen.
They had (in 1947) their office at Karachi.
Kasharam Rupani was (in 1947) member of Karachi Municipal Corp., and Director of
Karachi Cotton Association. He was also a member of The North Western Railway
- Diwan (Mukhi) Sagharmal.
of Shikarpur have the same Nukh. During the Mirs reign, their forefather Diwan
Jethmal was Governor of Shikarpur. Families with the same Chhabria Nukh exist in
Punjab and are called Arorvanshi. They are Lohanas and descendants of Shree
Ramachandra’s son Lava. They were originally worshipers of Lord Mahadeva and
by virtue of their staying in Punjab they became Sikhs (followers of Guru Nanak
– Sikhism). In Punjab their ancestors stayed at Dera Ghazi Khan.
ancestors of Chhablanis and Mangharmalanis of Hyderabad also hail from Dera
Ghazi Khan and had come to Sind around the year 1725.
forefather of Saghranis was Diwan Mavaldas Manohardas. He was born around the
year 1700 at Dera Ghazi Khan. His family priest was Mr. Khanchand son of Mr.
Sanbhnomal. Diwan Mavaldas knew Farsi (Persian) and was a Diwan in the Court of
the Kalhoras and stayed at Khudabad near Dadoo.
Mavaldas sired two sons: - M/s. Sagharmal and Nagarmal. The Saghranis are named
after Mr. Sagharmal and the Nagranis are named after Mr. Nagarmal.
Sagharmal was born in the year 1730 at Khudabad. He had two sons named M/s.
Dharmdas and Rajaram born in 1752 and 1754 respectively.
In the year
1759, during the Kalhora reign, Khosas (a caste among Muslims) looted and burnt
Khudabad. Diwan Mavaldas and his family moved towards Halla and settled at a
city named New Khudabad that had been constructed by those who had earlier fled
from old Khudabad.
time when Mir Fatehali Khan defeated the Kalhoras and took over as the new ruler
of Sind, New Khudabad was inundated by River Sindhu. Mir Fatehali Khan then
chose Hyderabad (Naren Kot) as his capital city.
Khudabad almost became a ghost city with most of the Hindus migrating to
Hyderabad where they occupied land extending from the Fort to Chhotki Ghitti. At
the time when Saghranis came to Hyderabad, Mukhti Ghitti was already inhabited
by the Bhaibunds. See Daswani chapter.
Mavaldas had very cordial relationship with the ruler of Sind and managed to get
plots of land at prime locations. Then came the Amils who occupied plots from
Chhotki Ghitti to Seray Ghat.
Tarachand Saghrani was a very influential man and headed the Bhaibund panchayat
as its Mukhi. Municipalities did not exist in those days. The Panchayats looked
after the functions of sanitation, roads, lighting etc.
Amils came to Hyderabad they were part and parcel of one panchayat that was
formed by the Bhaibunds with Seth Tarachand as its Mukhi. Later they formed
their own panchayat resulting in Amils, Bhaibunds and Mukhis being identified
Mukti Ghitti means street of the Mukhis.
Saghrani: - Mukhi
Sagharmal had two sons: M/s. Dharamdas (1753-1802) and Rajaram (1754-1786).
Mukhi Dharamdas Sagharmal
sired four sons: M/s. Assanand (Assandas), Majlasrai, Tarachand and Valiram. All
the four sons were born at New Khudabad near Halla. Their roots are as follows:
Mukhi Assanand Dharamdas was
born in 1780 at New Khudabad. After moving to Hyderabad they lived in Mukti
Ghitti. Mukhi Assanand and his brothers were Shroffs (Bankers) and dealt in
spices and grain (General Produce) as well. Theirs was a joint family business.
Bherumal writes that It was learnt from the Shijras (records - family tree)
maintained by the Pinda (Brahmin) Badaldas Bulchand of Sindhi Dharamsala
Haridwar, that wife of Mukhi Tarachand expired in the year 1835 and Mukhi
Assanand had carried her remains (ashes) for performing the last rites at
Haridwar. At that time “Kumbh Mela” was in progress.
also disclosed that a group of Bhaibunds left Hyderabad for Haridwar in a
caravan travelling by boat, and then by road in bullock carts. The entire
journey had taken them three or four months.
Assanand married Bhai Uttamchand’s (Uttamchandani) sister and sired two sons:
M/s. Tilokchand and Basantrai. Mukhi Assanand also had two daughters. The eldest
daughter married Munshi Takhatram Manshiani (Advani). Mukhi Assanand expired in
the year 1838. Rai Sahib Bulchand Khemchand Advani, who worked with the Public
Works Dept., was a descendent of Munshi Takhatram.
Mukhi Tilokchand Assandas
was born around the year 1810. After his father’s demise he separated from his
uncles (chacha). In the year 1854 Mukhi Tilokchand separated from his brother
Mukhi Basantrai and moved to a separate house in the same street. Mukhi
Tilokchand was a trader.
Tilokchand’s first marriage was with the auntie (puphi- fathers’ sister) of
Bhai Mulchand Kirpalani Aaj waro (Ivory Merchant) and had two sons named Mukhi
Khemchand and Mukhi Tejumal. From second marriage, Mukhi Tilokchand had six
sons. Mukhi Tilokchand also had four daughters. One daughter was married into
Diwan Chandasingh Shahani’s family, two in Punwanis and the fourth into
Mansukhani family. Mukhi Tilokchand expired during the Year 1870.
Mukhi Khemchand Tilokchand
was born around the year 1831. Unlike his cousins, he was not a trader. He was a
broker. Mukhi Khemchand had six sons and one daughter. The daughter was married
into Amils (Lalwanis). Mukhi Khemchand expired in I901.
Mukhi Hotchand Khemchand,
the eldest son of Mukhi Khemchand Tilokchand was born in the year 1849. He
worked with his cousin Mukhi Chandumal Valiram at Sakhar. At the age of 25,
Mukhi Hotchand joined Bhai Wassiamull Assumull’s firm and went to Singapore.
After some time he left the firm and went to Java Indonesia, and established his
Hotchand sired three sons: M/s. Naraindas, Bagomal and Khanchand. Mukhi
Naraindas and Mukhi Bagomal joined their father in Java and helped expended the
Hotchand spent the last twenty years of his life at Hyderabad. He spent most of
his time at his cousin Mukhi Sukhramdas Hiranand’s gadhi (office).
Bherumal M. Advani writes that Mukhi Hotchand was a jovial and good hearted man.
He was fond of good food and good life and lived in his own house and not with
In the year
1900, Mukhi Hotchand constructed his own house in Mukhi Naraindas Ghitti. Mukhi
Hotchand had married daughter of Bhai Hotchand Gunomal of Mirpur Bathori.
Hotchand’s senior partner was Bhai Menghraj Mewaram, grandson of Bhai Gunomal.
Bhai Menghraj had played an important role in the expansion of business.
Mukhi Naraindas Hotchand,
the eldest son of Mukhi Hotchand was born in the year 1869. He spent most of his
life in Java Indonesia and had helped expend the business.
Naraindas stayed in Hyderabad for a very brief period and had very few friends.
He had one daughter and two sons: Mukhi Pessumal and Mukhi Wadhumal. Mukhi
Naraindas expired in the year 1911.
Mukhi Pessumal Naraindas the
eldest son of Mukhi Naraindas was born in the year 1890 and at a young age his
father took him Java Indonesia and enrolled him into a Dutch School. Indonesia
was then under Dutch rule and as a result Mukhi Pessumal acquired Dutch
Nationality. He was called ‘Wilhelm’.
Pessumal thereafter joined his father’s business and in the year 1915, he
separated from his brother and uncle Mukhi Bagomal. Mukhi Dayaram Vishindas
arbitrated the separation. Soon thereafter, in 1916, Mukhi Pessumal expired and
bequeathed his estate to his wife.
Pessumal married daughter of Bhai Jethmal Narumal Kirpalani. In the memory of
her late husband, she built a Reading Room in the Dialdas Mulchand Club.
Mukhi Wadhumal Naraindas: - The second son of Mukhi Naraindas, Mukhi Wadhumal was born in the year 1897.
He joined his uncle Mukhi Bagomal at young age. Mukhi Wadhumal was then given
the management of M/s Hotchand Khemchand. Mukhi Bagomal in his Will had named
Mukhi Wadhumal as his trustee and had bequeathed a major portion of his estate
to him and donated lacs of rupees towards the charity. Despite the wealth and
power, Mukhi Wadhumal was gentle and a simple man. He was bestowed the title of
Wadhumal, in the year 1915 married daughter of Bhai Chuharmal Kilachand
Uttamchandani and had two sons: Mukhi Fatehchand and Mukhi Hargobind.
Mukhi Fatehchand Wadhumal
was born in the year 1916. After passing sixth grade in English, he went
overseas. In the year 1935, he married daughter of Bhai Gagandas Tejumal Mahtani
and had two sons: Mukhi Hiranand and Mukhi Tarachand.
Mukhi Bagomal Hotchand: - Mukhi Hotchand’s second son Mukhi Bagomal was born in the year 1878. At a
young age Mukhi Bagomal joined his brother Mukhi Naraindas in Java Indonesia. On
Mukhi Naraindas’ demise in the year 1911, Mukhi Bagomal joined his nephew
Mukhi Pessumal and separated in the year 1915. Mukhi Bagomal then did his own
business under the name of “Mukhi Hotchand Khemchand”.
Bagomal prospered and was considered the richest amongst his brothers and
cousins. He retired and returned to Hyderabad in 1920. Despite the wealth, Mukhi
Bagomal maintained cordial relationship with his cousins and with Mukhi Hiranand
Hyderabad Mukhi Bagomal lived in Mukhi Naraindas Ghitti and in the year 1923 he
moved in into his newly constructed house near old Mission School.
Bagomal though married thrice, had only one son from his last wife but the child
died in infancy. The third wife Shrimati Radhibai expired in the year 1932. In
her memory Mukhi Bagomal constructed a free charitable hospital near the Fort in
Shahi Bazaar where daily around three hundred patients received treatment, free
1940, Mukhi Bagomal expired due to sudden heart attack. Mukhi Bagomal left a
Will that provided rupees three lacs to his daughter Shrimati Jamnabai, four to
five lacs to charity and the remaining wealth to his nephew Mukhi Wadhumal, who
was his partner till the end.
Bagomal was the President of Hyderabad Bhaibund Club and Director of the
Hyderabad Electricity Co.
Bagomal’s daughter was married to Bhai Kundanmal Rewachand Wattumal Mahtani.
Mukhi Tejumal Tilokchand: - Mukhi Tilokchand’s son Mukhi Tejumal, brother of Mukhi Khemchand, was born
in the year 1834. Mukhi Tejumal worked as a broker (commission agent) due to his
moderate means with limited recourses. Within his bradri, he was the only Mukhi
who continued to live in Mukti Ghitti till the end. His cousins and other
members of the bradri had all moved to other locations.
Tejumal was married into Dadlanis of Karachi. He
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passed away in the year 1875
and left behind four sons: M/s. Nichaldas, Aloomal, Bagomal and Kundomal. All
the four sons prospered and brought the status of their family up.
Mukhi Nichaldas Tejumal: - Mukhi Nichaldas was born in the year 1860. At the age of 15 his father Mukhi
Tejumal passed away leaving behind his widow and children. Mukhi Nichaldas was
the eldest among the sons. To support the family he worked in his cousin Mukhi
Sukhramdas’ office. Some time
later he went to Ceylon (Sri Lanka) and worked with Mukhi Pritamdas’ Colombo
office and there Mukhi Nichaldas proved his worth. His brothers Mukhi Aloomal
went to Rangoon Burma, Mukhi Bagomal to Malta and Mukhi Kundomal went to
Colombo. All the four prospered.
Nichaldas Tejumal’s brother Mukhi Bagomal was 17 years old when in the company
of other Sindworkees, he left home and went to Malta. After spending some time
there, Mukhi Bagomal came to conclusion that Malta was the place to be in. He
returned to Hyderabad and briefed his brother Nichaldas with his findings.
To open an
office at Malta, initial capital was required. Mukhi Nichaldas in consultation
with Mukhi Bagomal took a loan from his cousin Mukhi Sukhramdas and in the year
1888, left for Malta accompanied by his brothers M/s. Aloomal and Bagomal. The
fourth brother Mukhi Kundomal joined them later.
Malta, the three brothers camped in a hotel. Being winter and the night very
cold, they shut all the windows of the room and lit a coal-fired heater. Come
morning, Mukhi Nichaldas and Mukhi Aloomal found Mukhi Bagomal dead due to
Nichaldas and Mukhi Aloomal were in a state of shock. Twenty-year old brother on
whose strength and experience they had depended and come to Malta was no more.
They then braced themselves and took control of the situation. Mukhi Nichaldas
and Mukhi Aloomal then opened their own shop in the Persian Indian Bazaar
Nichaldas was also known as Nichamal. The brothers named their shop “Nichamal
Bros.”. Business prospered and so did the profits. Soon they opened a branch
at Port Said and Cairo, Egypt under the name of ‘M/s A. Nichamal’.
Nichaldas was handsome and had good features and fair complexion. He passed for
a European. Mukhi Nichaldas separated from his brothers in 1902 and returned to
Hyderabad Mukhi Nichaldas lived in his ancestral house in Mukhi Paro. After his
return from Malta, he bought some land and built his own house. Mukhi Nichaldas
married the sister of Bhai Issardas Tiloosingh Mahtani and had three daughters.
The Author Diwan Bherumal married the eldest daughter of Mukhi Nichaldas, thereby making
him his father in law. The other two daughters also were married into Amils.
of Mukhi Nichaldas’ wife, (mother in law of Diwan Bherumal), Mukhi Nichaldas
remarried into Uttamchandani and had two sons but both the sons died in infancy.
Mukhi Nichaldas expired in the year 1909.
Mukhi Aloomal Tejumal: - Mukhi Tejumal’s second son Mukhi Aloomal was born around the year 1865. He
was 10 years old when his father Mukhi Tejumal expired.
youngster Mukhi Aloomal was very bright and intelligent. Without informing any
one at home, he went away to Rangoon, Burma in company of other Sindworkees.
There he worked diligently. Mukhi Aloomal made good money and prospered.
Mukhi Aloomal, along with his brothers Mukhi Nichaldas and Mukhi Bagomal
ventured out to Malta. There, on arrival, Mukhi Bagomal expired. The two
brothers i.e. Mukhi Aloomal and Mukhi Nichaldas started their own office. Later,
their brother Mukhi Kundomal joined them. The three of them worked hard and
business prospered. Soon they opened a branch at Port Said and at Cairo, Egypt
under the name of ‘A. Nichamal’ and deputed Mukhi Aloomal to manage it.
failing health, Mukhi Nichaldas separated from his brothers and in the year 1902
returned to Hyderabad. Mukhi Kundomal and Mukhi Aloomal also separated amongst
themselves with Mukhi Kundomal taking over Malta and Mukhi Aloomal taking over
Port Said and Cairo.
Aloomal thereafter appointed his cousin Mukhi Kesomal Sobhraj to manage his
Cairo branch. After a while, Mukhi Kesomal left Cairo for Khartoum Sudan, and
started his own business there.
Mukhi Aloomal married Miss Queenie Grahams (an English lady) at Cairo though he
had a Sindhi wife at home in Hyderabad. After marriage, Mukhi Aloomal closed his
Cairo office and moved to Port Said where he had his other office. There, both
husband and wife worked very hard and prospered. Amongst the brothers, he made
the most and was the richest.
the fruits of their hard work, both Mukhi Aloomal and his European wife moved to
London where they had bought a Bungalow.
Aloomal was a religious man and supported charities to help the poor and needy.
In 1913 cancer struck him on the tongue. He underwent all the medical
treatments available at London but to no avail.
Aloomal then decided to return to Hyderabad. On the way back to Hyderabad, while
still on the ship, he felt unwell and when the ship docked at Port Said, Mukhi
Aloomal broke his journey and got off.
Mukhi Aloomal’s ailment had reached Hyderabad and his cousin Mukhi Choithram
Dhanrajmal was deputed by the family to proceed to London to escort Mukhi
mode of travel in those days was by ships that sailed through the Suez Canal
touching Port Said. Mukhi Choithram did not have to travel to London. Cancer had
spread and it took its toll. Mukhi Aloomal expired within three to four days of
Mukhi Choithram's arrival. Mukhi Aloomal’s body was cremated on the beach. It
was witnessed by a large gathering that included Govt. Officials, friends and
onlookers. Cremation of a Hindu was never witnessed by the Egyptians before.
They flocked and joined the procession.
Aloomal had a close and cordial relationship with his cousin Mukhi Hiranand
Tarachand. Mukhi Mangharam Garodanmal and Mukhi Choithram had gone to London for
higher studies and had stayed with Mukhi Aloomal. Both Mukhi Aloomal and his
wife Queenie had looked after them affectionately as their own kin.
Aloomal, a few days prior to his death had taken Mukhi Choithram to his Port
Said office and transferred its ownership by way of sale to M/s. Mukhi Hiranand
Tarachand through the hands Mukhi Choithram.
Aloomal wrote his Will giving his London assets and jewelry to his wife Queeie.
A portion of his wealth he bequeathed to charity. The reminder of his wealth,
including his property at Hyderabad, he left to his Sindhi wife.
Queenie Aloomal expired at London in the year 1923. Mukhi Aloomal’s Sindhi
wife was alive at the time of partition of India.
Aloomal had only one daughter who was married and was the sole heir to her
father’s estate. Out of the funds that Mukhi Aloomal had left for charity, a
sum of 17 thousand rupees were spent on improvement of Hyderabad’s cremation
ground. Trustee of the estate of Mukhi Aloomal was Mukhi Harkishindas
Gurvadanmal, who resigned from the trusteeship in favour of Mrs. Mukhi Aloomal.
Mukhi Bagomal Tejumal: - Mukhi Bagomal was born in the year 1868 and expired at Malta in the year
1888. He had no children. His wife expired in the year 1926.
At the age
of 17, Mukhi Bagomal left Hyderabad in the company of other Sindworkees for
Malta. After spending some time there, he came to conclusion that Malta was the
place to be in to make money. He returned to Hyderabad and briefed his brother
Nichaldas with his findings.
Bagomal Tejumal was a kind-hearted man and all his brothers were fond of him. To
open an office at Malta, initial capital was required. Mukhi Nichaldas in
consultation with Mukhi Bagomal took a loan from his cousin Mukhi Sukhramdas and
in the year 1888 left for Malta accompanied by his brothers M/s. Aloomal and
Bagomal. Unfortunately Mukhi Bagomal expired on arrival at Malta. The fourth
brother Mukhi Kundomal later joined them. They had an office in the Persian
Indian Bazaar (street).
Mukhi Kundomal Tejumal: -
Mukhi Kundomal was the fourth son of Mukhi Tejumal and was born in the year
1870. He and his brothers were partners. When the brothers split, Mukhi Kundomal
received Malta office in his share.
Kundomal passed away suddenly in the year 1908. His widow, at the time of
partition of India was alive. They had three daughters, all married.
None of the
four brothers i.e. M/s. Nichaldas, Aloomal, Bagomal and Kundomal had any sons.
Mukhi Deomal Tilakchand: - Mukhi Deomal (brother of Mukhi Khemchand) was born in the year 1843. He was
the third son of Mukhi Tilokchand. Mukhi Deomal had spent some time in Java
Indonesia and Singapore and expired at Hyderabad. His son Mukhi Dilomal a.k.a.
Khushaldas also lived in Java and Singapore. He expired in the year 1938.
Mukhi Kodumal Tilokchand: -
Mukhi Kodumal was born in the year 1844 and expired in 1908. He had three sons:
M/s. Hassomal, Khanchand and Hemandas. All three were Sindworkees.
Mukhi Assanmal Tilokchand:
- Mukhi Assanmal a.k.a. Mukhi Jaromal was a twin, hence the name ‘Jaro’.
Mukhi Assanmal also spent some time in Java and Singapore. Due to certain
circumstances, he had to quit Java and stayed on in Singapore as a guest of M/s.
Wassiamull Assumull. Mukhi Assanmal
later returned to Hyderabad and expired in the year 1924.
Assanmal had two sons: M/s. Lilaram and Dharamdas.
Lilaram was born in 1889 and had business in Java where he lived with his wife.
He expired during the Japanese war in the year 1945.
Dharamdas was alive at the time of partition of India.
Mukhi Askirandas Tilokchand:
- Mukhi Askirandas a.k.a. Jaromal
Nandho (younger twin) was the sixth son of Mukhi Tilokchand. He was the twin
brother of Mukhi Assanmal a.k.a. Mukhi Jaromal. Mukhi Askirandas had two sons:
M/s. Topandas and Verhomal.
Mukhi Gopaldas was the
seventh son. He expired in 1880.
Mukhi Metharam was the
eighth son. He was born in 1856 and expired in the year 1881.
three brothers had business in Java and Malaya. With the sudden death of Mukhi
Askirandas, Mukhi Metharam suffered a set back. He had to shut the shop.
Mukhi Topandas Askirandas
and Mukhi Verhomal were still minors
at the time Mukhi Metharam had to shut the shop.
Topandas attained maturity, he went to Singapore and worked with M/s. Wassiamull
Assumull and was their partner for a brief period. In 1926, Mukhi Topandas
separated and ventured out to Bangkok Thailand where he started his own business
but could not make a success out of it. Mukhi Topandas passed away at Bangkok.
His son Mukhi Naraindas was alive at the time of partition.
Mukhi Verhomal Askirandas
also had business in Java that he closed and returned to Hyderabad for good.
Mukhi Basantrai son of Mukhi Assanand Dharamdas:
- Mukhi Basantrai, the second son of Mukhi Assanand was born in the year 1826.
He separated from his elder brother Mukhi Tilokchand and did his own business.
Mukhi Basantrai was smart, swift, and adventurous and made a success of his
Basantrai worked for the uplift of the community and stood side by side with his
cousin Mukhi Hiranand Tarachand in the Panchayat activities.
Uttamchand (Uttamchandani), an important and prominent man of his time, was
Mukhi Basantrai’s mother’s brother (mama).
Basantrai had married twice and had seven daughters. Two of his daughters were
married into Malkani, one daughter married Rai Bahadur Diwan Harumal Jhangiani
Engineer, the fourth daughter, who was nicknamed as the ‘Mukhiani of Hyderabad’
and known as ‘Vishin Mukhiani’, was married to Diwan Lalchand Nanikram
Advani Engineer. The remaining three daughters were also married into Amils.
Basantrai expired in the year 1875. As he did not have a son, he desired to
adopt his daughter’s son Mr. Buxrai Jagatrai Malkani. However the other Mukhis
objected and laid a condition that they would accept Mr. Buxrai as a Mukhi only
if he got rid of his Amil attire and dressed as other Mukhi’s did. They also
wanted him to open a gadhi (office) like the others Mukhis.
Buxrai’s parents did not agree to these terms and the matter lingered on. Mr.
Buxrai moved in to live with his Grandfather (Nana) the adopted father.
inherited his father’s legacy and received substantial rental from the
property that he sold and bought land in Nawab Shah and at Mirpur. After his
adopted father (Nana) died, he sold his (Nana’s) house as well. He had no
other business or activity. Mr. Buxrai married into Daswani and passed away in
the year 1936.
had three sons. The eldest son expired prior to 1947. The second son Mr.
Ramchand in the year 1947 was Science Demonstrator at Karachi College and the
third son Mr. Hashmatrai had his own business.
stated above pertains to Mukhi Assanand, son of Mukhi Dharamdas Sagarmal’s
Mukhi Majlasrai Dharamdas’ roots:
- Mukhi Dharamdas’ second son Mukhi
Majlasrai was born in the year 1785 and expired in 1840. His son Mukhi Varandmal
(1800-1871) did not have any children. Mukhi Varandmal adopted a son named
Sobhraj from his in law’s family. Mukhi Sobhraj was a cloth merchant and later
ventured out to Rangoon Burma for Sindwork (business).
Mukhi Sobhraj was
blessed with a son. After his son-attained maturity, Mukhi Sobhraj retired from
In the year
1916 Mukhi Sobhraj shifted his residence from Mukti Ghitti to Old Post Office
Street. Mukhi Sobhraj was married to daughter of Bhai Balumal Dharamdas who was
considered as the first Sindworkee to venture out abroad.
Sobhraj was born in the year 1840 and expired at the age of 90 years. Mukhi Sobhraj had three daughters and seven sons.
Sobhraj’s eldest son was Mukhi Partabrai (1863- 1938) who was the Head Master
of a school at village Manjho district Kotri. Mukhi Partabrai had retired around
twenty years prior to his death. In 1938, just as he (Mukhi Partabrai) was
boarding a Tonga (two wheeler horse carriage) after collecting his pension from
a bank, he collapsed and died.
Sobhraj’s second son was Mukhi Khushiram (1869-1914). The third son was Mukhi
Kasomal worked with his cousin Mukhi Nihalchand Tejumal at Cairo Egypt. Later he
went to Khartoum Sudan and started his own business under the banner of M/s K.
D. Sobhamal. Many cousins of Mukhi Kasomal had worked with Mukhi Kasomal’s
firm. Mukhi Kasomal expired at Khartoum. His brother Mukhi Khanchand had his own
Tarachand Dharamdas’ roots: - Mukhi Dharamdas Sagharmal’s third son Mukhi Tarachand was
born in the year 1787 at New Khudabad, near Halla. On the demise of Mukhi
Dharamdas in 1802, his two sons Mukhi Assanand and Mukhi Majlasrai separate from
the family. Mukhi Tarachand and Mukhi Valiram, the two other younger brothers,
Mukhi Tarachand was a brilliant and smart man. He surpassed
the two elder brothers in trade and prosperity. Mukhi Tarachand enjoyed good
reputation in the community and was elected as The Head Mukhi of the Bhaibund
It was around this time that the Amils from Khudabad and
other places came to Hyderabad. As the Amils did not have a panchayat of their
own, they joined the existing Bhaibund panchayat of Hyderabad that was headed by
Mukhi Tarachand. The Mukhis thereafter dominated the post for generations. The
street they lived in was named Mukti Ghitti.
Mukhi Tarachand had his Kothi (office-gadhi) at Hyderabad.
Later, he established another office at Nagar Thhato and spent more time there.
A mile or two away from Nagar Thhato, was located the ‘Raj Ghat Darbar’ that
was founded by Bhai Balikram of Punjab during the reign of Kalhoras.
Mukhi Tarachand revered the Darbar Sahib and visited it
daily. The Ghadi Nasheen (Priest in charge) of the Darbar was Bhai Santokdas.
Mukhi Tarachand sought Bhai Santokdas’ blessing so that God may grant him a
son. Bhai Santokdas blessed him and said that he would beget one and directed
that the child be named ‘Hiro’ (diamond).
With the Lord’s blessings, indeed a Hiro, (Mukhi Hiranand) was
born. The descendants of Mukhi Hiranand paid their homage to the Darbar Sahib by
visiting it regularly.
During the lifetime of Mukhi Tarachand, his cousins,
Bhojwanis of Karachi and other Sindhi merchants had their offices at ‘Lakhpat’,
that was then a major trading centre. In 1843 the British went to war with the
Mirs. Panicking, the residents fled to safer ground. Mukhi Tarachand and his
cousins sent their ladies and children to Lakhpat for safety. Most Hindu males
including Mukhi Tarachand stayed behind.
In the battle that pursued, on 19th Feb 1843, the
Mirs were defeated and Sir Charles Nepier entered Hyderabad and took control of
the city. Mukhi Tarachand and other residents of Hyderabad feared reprisal and
apprehended looting from the hands of the British forces. Mukhi Tarachand along
with four others met Sir Charles Nepier and pleaded with him to confine his
forces to barracks and not to allow them to enter the city. They, the residents
of Hyderabad undertook to provide them with food and other rations that the
British forces needed and deliver it to them in their camp. Sir Charles conceded
to their request. The British forces remained out side the city. The residents
of Hyderabad provided the rations and panchayat footed the bill.
Sir Charles Nepier met Mukhi Tarachand and others in his
camp at Gidu Bunder and thanked the Mukhi for the far sightedness they had and
for the food that they had supplied. In appreciation, Sir Charles gifted the
camp area to Mukhi Tarachand. The camp area came to be called ‘Mukhian Ji
Khari’ i.e. ‘The Heel of the Mukhis. This information was disclosed to Diwan
Bherumal by Mukhi Mangharam Gurdinomal and was on records in the “India
The Mirs had borrowed rupees two lacs from the merchants of
Kora city. Mukhi Tarachand asked Sir Charles to reimburse the same from Mir's
Sir Charles denied having confiscated any wealth of the Mirs
and claimed that the same was not traceable. However, they allotted a Jagir (a
parcel of land) to Mukhi Tarachand. The residents of the city got perturbed and
seeing this, Mukhi Tarachand declined the Jagir.
There were no municipalities in Sind during the Mir regime.
After the British take over, Sir Charles in the year 1846 introduced ‘The
Board of Conservancy’ at Hyderabad and Karachi. In other cities, towns and
villages, the panchayats looked after the municipal functions. Members of the
Board of Conservancy were British Government officers and local residents
selected by the British.
At Hyderabad, amongst the Bhaibunds, Mukhi Tarachand and from the Amils, Diwan
Nandiram Hardaram Advani (Sadhu Navalrai Hiranand’s grand father) and Munshi
Awatrai Malkani were selected.
Nandiram Hardaram Advani, Munshi Awatrai Malkani, were the first Mukhi from the
Hyderabad panchayat was empowered to levy an entry tax (octroi) on the grain
that entered the city. The money collected was spent for upkeep of Hyderabad.
This responsibility was assigned to Mukhi Tarachand. To meet the deficit of the
city finance, Mukhi Tarachand loan to the panchayat from his own funds and
recovered the same from the entry tax as and when collected.
Tarachand, at the age of 67, expired in the year 1854. His son Mukhi Hiranand
had taken over the responsibilities from his father a few years earlier.
Mukhi Hiranand Tarachand: -
Mukhi Tarachand’s son Mukhi Hiro was born in the year 1879 with the blessing
of Bhai Santokdas of Raj Ghat Darbar located in the outskirts of Nagar Thhata.
Hiranand was a brilliant, wise and a just man. He supported his father in all
respects and followed his footsteps. He maintained friendly and cordial
relationship with the Mirs. Mukhi Hiranand visited Mir's Court daily and Mirs
had a high regard for him and treated him with due respect and honor.
It is said
that one Bhaibund was arrested for some offence and the Mir levied a fine of
Rupees one thousand on him. Pending payment of the fine, the Bhaibund was
handcuffed and chained and detained inside the Hyderabad Fort.
Bhaibund's arrest reached Mukhi Hiranand and he along with some members of the
panchayat went to the Darbar Hall (court- audience hall) and submitted to the
Mirs that they had come to them for a very trivial matter. Mukhi Hiranand then
requested that a zero be deleted from the fine. In response the Mirs asked Mukhi
whether that was all he wanted, Mukhi said yes. The Mirs granted the request.
Hiranand immediately took out one hundred rupees from his pocket and handed it
over to the cashier (Khazanchi). The Khazanchi brought to the notice of the Mirs
that the fine payable was Rs. 1000/- while the money received was only Rs.
100/-. Mukhi informed the cashier that one Zero had been dropped from the fine
by the order of the Mir. Mir smiled and confirmed. The Bhaibund was released.
After Mirs defeat, the British rule commenced. In the
year 1846, Hyderabad saw its own Municipal Corporation. British Government
appointed a Bhaibund named Mukhi Tarachand as member of the Board. On the demise
of Mukhi Tarachand, the British Govt. appointed Mukhi Hiranand to fill the void.
Correspondence between the Board and the Government was done in Arabi Sindhi.
Collector of Hyderabad used the services of Diwan Bagomal Mukhtiarkar (District
Administrator) who knew Arabi Sindhi. Mukhi Hiranand on the other hand knew only
Hatai (Devnagiri script where no vowels are used).
This caused great inconvenience to the Collector.
Diwan Bagomal, realizing his handicap, learnt Hatai from Mukhi Hiranand and
obtained a certificate of proficiency from him. Diwan Bagomal was then transferred to the Collectors office.
Hiranand was an influential man and close to the Collector and other Government
officers. The Kamoras (civil servants) patronized Mukhi Hiranand, requesting for
favors and promotions.
Tarachand expired in the year 1854 and his son Mukhi Hiranand took over as
Hyderabad’s Mukhi. Mukhi Hiranand was popular with both the Amils and
Bhaibunds. Diwan Wadhumal Gangaram Thadani Sub. Judge, had praised Mukhi
Hiranand in his novel ‘Khudabadian Lai Kanth Mala’ (Necklace for Khudabadis).
In the year
1885, local Municipalities took over the civic duties from the Panchayats.
Mukhi Hiranand was elected to the Board of the Corporation. He, Mukhi
Hiranand and his cousin Mukhi Basantrai were very close to each other and
jointly worked together to provide amenities for the Hyderabadis.
Mukti Ghitti, off Shahi bazaar in Hyderabad was a Tikano (Gurdwara) of Bhai
Kansingh Bedi. The Tikano was also called Bhai Issardas Jo Tikano that was
patronized by Mukhi Hiranand.
It is said
that once few elders from some villages came to Hyderabad for an arbitration and
settlement of their dispute through the hands of Mukhi Hiranand and camped in
the Tikano. The dispute concerned an alleged betrothal of a boy to a girl. One
group claimed that the other group had committed to give their daughter’s hand
in marriage while the other group claimed they had not. They all jointly
approached Mukhi Hiranand to mediate and sat down on the floor.
Hiranand then asked the group to stand up. The group complied. He asked the
boy’s side to sit in one corner of the room. He then asked the girl's side to
go and sit on the other side of the room. The group complied. One group moved to
the right and the other group moved to the left.
while Mukhi Hiranand got up and saying ‘Ram Ram’ (Good bye) to them left the
room. Both the groups were astonished and stood up. They then requested Mukhi
Hiranand to announce the award before leaving.
Hiranand replied that the girl's side by their own action had already given the
award. Had there been no betrothal the question of their standing up and moving
to the left or right would not have arisen.
Hiranand though involved in his civic activities also devoted time to his
business. He jointly with his cousin Mukhi Chandumal Valiram dealt in spices.
After some years he separated from the joint business but maintained his cordial
Bombay from Sind was a Herculean task. There were no ships to sail by neither a
direct land route. Despite the difficulties, Mukhi Hiranand in the year 1860
established his offices at Bombay and Karachi.
Hiranand shifted his residence from Mukti Ghitti to his new house in Khatu
Bandan Ghitti. Mukhi Hiranand and his descendants came to be known as ‘Nai
Jagah Wara’ (New House). While the foundation of the house was being laid, a
rumor spread that Mukhi Hiranand had unearthed a pot full of gold. The rumor
turned out to be false. No such pot was discovered. Mukhi Hiranand was a wealthy
man but the manner in which he lavishly spent money was as if he had unearthed a
pot of Gold.
Hiranand’s Kothi (office) was at first in the Shahi Bazaar next to his
brothers’ Kothi. Later he bought a building near his new house in ‘Parwar
Shah Jo Pir’ and shifted his Kothi there.
Hiranand expired in the year 1873. He had four children, two sons and two
daughters. Sons: Mukhi Sukhramdas and Mukhi Vishindas. His (Mukhi Hiranand’s)
both daughters were married into Advani families. Mukhi Hiranand’s grand
daughter (daughters’ daughter) was married to Diwan Vazirmal Uttamsingh
Mukhi Sukhramdas Hiranand: - Mukhi
Sukhramdas was born in the year 1848. His Hyderabad Kothi was famous in the
entire city. Though he did not sit much in the Kothi but behind the Kothi was an
Otaq (back room) where he spent most of his time. Mukhi Sukhramdas was an
intelligent man of quiet and reserve nature. He successfully expanded his
business throughout Sind and in Bombay. At Hyderabad Bhai Gaganmal Rijhumal
Mahtani and in Bombay Bhai Navalrai Choithram Hathiramani were his partners.
Mukhi Sukhramdas then entered Sindwork and opened an office in Colombo that was
managed by Mr. Atmaram Mojsingh Bhavnani together with two other Bhaibunds.
death of Mukhi Hiranand in the year 1873, his son Mukhi Sukhramdas became head
Mukhi. Before taking any decisions on important civic matters he consulted his
cousin Mukhi Chandumal Valiram who was elder to him in age. Despite this, Mukhi
Sukhramdas could not fill the vacuum that was left behind by his father Mukhi
Hiranand. Mukhi Sukhramdas was also a municipal counselor.
Sukhramdas owned a farm house/garden located near Dholan Wah on the other bank
of Fulayli, an outskirts of Hyderabad that he had purchased from his Hathiramani
in-laws. Mukhi Sukhramdas held his parties (mahfils) there and entertained
lavishly. He was fond of music and poetry and played Sitar as well. Noted
singers from all over India visited Mukhi Sukhramdas at his Otaq and at his
farmhouse. The farmhouse was the
talk of the town.
end, Mukhi Sukhramdas fell ill and spent about three to four months at his Otaq.
He passed away in the year 1897.
Sukhramdas had two sons and three daughters. His Sons: Mukhi Gurdinomal and
Mukhi Gianchand. The eldest daughter married Diwan Tejumal Alimchand Lalwani
(Deputy Educational Inspector), and the second daughter married Diwan Ramchand
Panjumal Mansukhani (Police Inspector). The youngest daughter married Diwan
Teckchand Hassanand Gidwani (zamindar).
Mukhi Gurdinomal Sukhramdas:-
Mukhi Gurdinomal was born in the year 1866. He was brought up in luxury and
donned Mir’s attire. At school, a chair was provided to him to sit while the
other students sat on the benches. He had no interest in studies and left the
school after studying second or third English grade. He however was fluent in
As a youth,
Mukhi Gurdinomal spent his time looking after his farm and land near Larkana
that he owned in partnership with Diwan Takhatram Hotchand Mangharmalani. In the
year 1903 he opened a rice mill at Ratay Deray and sold it off in the year 1930.
Mukhi Gurdinomal inherited his father’s seat as the Chief Mukhi. Together with
Mukhi Pritamdas he managed the affairs of the panchayat.
struck Hyderabad in the year 1897 leading to a mass exodus. Mukhi Gurdinomal
made arrangement and shifted to his old farmhouse that was located behind
Hyderabad’s National College. There he constructed around 250 temporary
shelters for his cousins, relatives, employees and friends to live in for the
duration of the epidemic that lasted for about four to five months.
Gurdinomal was a jovial and a happy go lucky man. Like his father, he was fond
of music and poetry. Singers from far and near visited him and gave their
Gurdinomal was a spend thrift and did not devote much time to his business that
due to neglect had started declining. But, never the less, he was a rich man
with ample wealth.
In the year
1908, three or four days before Dassera he fell ill and expired at a young age
of forty-two. His son Mukhi Mangharam was away at London for studies at that
time and could not see his father’s face in the end.
Gurdinomal married daughter of Seth Gaganmal Ramchand Uttamchandani and had five
children. His two sons were Mr. Harkishindas and Mr. Mangharam. The eldest
daughter married Diwan Shamdas Maniram Mirchandani (Judge). The second daughter
had expired and was unmarried. The third daughter married Diwan Alimchand
Lalwani’s grandson, Diwan Hotchand Tarachand (zamindar).
Mukhi Harkishindas Gurdinomal: -
Harkishindas was born in the year 1883. He studied upto English sixth grade.
During the lifetime of his father he looked after his zamindari at Laar and his
office at Bombay.
Harkishindas choose to look after his farm and garden than to enter Sindwork. In
the year 1908, his father Mukhi Gurdinomal expired and the responsibilities of
the Chief Mukhi fell on him. He too managed the affairs of panchayat in
consultation with Mukhi Pritamdas. Thereafter Mukhi Pritamdas’ son Mukhi
Jethanand and Mukhi Gobindram gave their guidance to him.
Mukhi Harkishindas became Hyderabad’s Municipal Counselor. In 1925, with his
efforts and initiation, The Hyderabad Electric Company was formed. M/s. Mukhi
Hiranand Tarachand & Sons, a firm owned by him, were appointed as the
managing agents. He, Mukhi Harkishindas, was appointed Managing Agent (Director)
of the Electric Company.
agreement was reached to supply power to the city through the Municipal
Corporation. To enable Municipal Corp. to enter into an agreement with the
Electric Company, Mukhi Harkishindas had to first resign from the post of
counselor-ship of the Corp. that Mukhi Harkishindas’ family had held since
Harkishindas was an Honorary Magistrate and Justice of Peace. He was responsible
for the formation of Sindwork Merchants Association in 1917 and was its
President for 15 years.
In the year
1914, Mukhi Harkishindas went abroad and no sooner he reached London, Germany
declared war. He had to cut short his tour and return to India. In 1930 his
business suffered a set back. He then opened a Cotton Ginning Mills at Hyderabad
and at Dadoo.
Harkishindas had eight children. Four daughters and four sons. His sons were
M/s. Mulchand, Lakhmichand, Nandiram and Vashdev.
Mukhi Mangharam Gurdinomal: - Mukhi
Mangharam, the second son of Mukhi Gurdinomal was born in the year 1886. He
passed Matric in the year 1903. In 1904 he went to Elphinstone College at Bombay
and in 1905 Karachi’s D. J. College. In the year 1906, he moved to Poona’s
College of Science for six months and thereafter on 15th Sept. 1905
he, along with his cousin Mukhi Choithram went abroad for higher studies. Mukhi
Mangharam was the first Sindhi to attend Cambridge University and obtain Diploma
in Agriculture Science.
Mangharam learnt of his father’s death at London and immediately returned
home. In 1909, he again left for London to do his Barristership (Law). In 1910, after obtaining his second Diploma at Leeds, he returned home.
Agricultural College offered Mukhi Mangharam Professorship, but he declined.
Mangharam was recommended for the post of Deputy Collector, but Sind Government
had reserved that seat for a Muslim and instead offered him post of First Grade
Mukhtiarkar (District Administrator). Mukhi Mangharam declined that offer as
Mangharam then joined Mr. Mackenzie, an Irish Barrister, as a partner at Karachi
and was with him for two years. In 1913, Mukhi Mangharam left for Port Said
Egypt to look after his business. In 1918 he opened an office at Japan and in
the year 1920 he opened another office in Syria.
Mangharam stayed in Hyderabad from the year 1920 to 1923. During that time he,
together with his brother Mukhi Harkishindas, he established Hyderabad Electric
Company and made it into a successful venture.
Mangharam was the Managing Director of the Hyderabad Electric Company and in his
absence his cousin Mukhi Choithram took charge as an Acting Managing Director.
In the year
1940, M/s. Mukhi Hiranand Tarachand & Sons’ term of Managing Agents of
Hyderabad Electric Company expired. The agency was again renewed for another
term of twenty years to expire in 1960. The Hyderabad Electric Company was one
of the few Electric Companies that was managed by the Indians.
Mukhi Mangharam had completed seventeen year of his stay at Hyderabad and had
assisted his brother Mukhi Harkishindas in the Panchayat's and other civic work.
In 1940 riots took place at Sakhar. Mukhi Mangharam was appointed mediator to
look into and resolve the grievances of the rioters.
due to the partition of India and creation of Pakistan many Muslim
migrants/refugees who had come from Ajmer created unrest and tension in the
city. Mukhi Mangharam, who was also Justice of Peace, was amidst those who went
to the rescue of the Hindus and saved their lives. Hindus who wanted to leave
Sind and go to India were not being provided with requisite help. Mukhi
Mangharam saw to it that the local officials provided the same.
Mangharam was well educated and saw to it that his children received similar
education as well. In 1923 he along with his wife and children went to Europe
and returned to Sind in 1929. While abroad, his children studied in English and
French schools. He had six children, three boys and three girls.
Mangharam’s eldest Daughter was Saraswatibai. She had passed her B.A. &
B.T. and was married to Mr. Parmanand Chhablani (Engineer) who was a Squadron
Leader in the Air Force.
daughter was Shrimati Vidya. She had in 1939, passed her M. A. in English and
French from Bombay and was for a while Honorary Lecturer of French at Hyderabad
College. She married Mr. Mohanlal Sujjan (Judge). Shrimati Vidya was a good
singer as well and awarded many trophies and gold medals.
Mangharam’s third daughter Shrimati Gopibai was also a graduate and like her
father she was Justice of Peace. Shrimati Gopibai married Mr. Mohan Ghaba, son
of Lala Harkishinlal, former minister of Lahore. Mr. Mohan Ghaba was, in the
year 1947, Managing Director of M/s Radio Lamps at Karachi. This was the first
Sindhi Panjabi wedding amongst two important families.
daughters of Mukhi Mangharam mentioned above, were amongst the first Bhaibund
girls to receive higher education. It was with the initiative of these three
daughters that Bhaibund Nari Sabha came into being. The first secretary of the
Sabha was Shrimati Gopibai and followed by Shrimati Vidyabai.
Mukhi Parsram Mangharam: -
Mukhi Mangharam’s first son Mukhi Parsram was born in the year 1918. At the
time of his birth, his father was in Japan.
Mukhi Mangharam along with his wife and children left Hyderabad for abroad.
Mukhi Parsram was admitted to Victoria College at Alexandria in Egypt. After
doing his M.A. & LL.B. he practiced Law with Mr. Santdas Mangharam Advocate.
In the year 1947, he was a Judge at Shahdadpur. Mukhi Parsram also married into
the Panjabis. He married Shrimati Sarlabai B.A. & B.T., daughter of Mr.
Issardas Mallick who was then the Managing Director of Sind Purchase Board.
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Mukhi Jio Mangharam: - Mukhi
Mangharam’s second son Mukhi Jio was born in London in the year 1928. At the
age of thirteen he passed his Matric. In 1947, he was doing his M.A. & LL.B.
Mukhi Lajpat Mangharam: -
Mukhi Mangharam’s third son Mukhi Lajpat was born in the year 1934 and in 1947
he was doing his sixth grade.
Mukhi Vishindas Hiranand: - Mukhi
Hiranand’s second son Mukhi Vishindas was born in the year 1844. He addressed
his elder brother Mukhi Sukhramdas as ‘Ada’ and were very close to one
another. Mukhi Vishindas did not interfere in the business affairs and left it
to Mukhi Sukhramdas in whom he had immense faith and trust.
Vishindas was a quiet and soft-spoken man and loved to dress well and travel.
His horse carriage was extremely well decorated. Every morning he prayed at the
Tikano (Gurdwara). In the year 1899, he along with his family members went on
pilgrimage (Tirth Yatra) and expired at Amritsar on the day of Diwali.
Vishindas had four sons: M/s. Dhanrajmal, Dayaram, Hemraj and Dialmal. He also
had two daughters. The eldest daughter married Diwan Khushaldas Sahijram Advani
(Retired Deputy Collector) and the youngest daughter married Mr. Lalchand
Mukhi Dhanrajmal Vishindas: - Mukhi
Dhanrajmal was born in the year 1869 and studied upto English sixth grade. He
had worked for a while in Colombo with M/s. Mukhi Sukhramdas Hiranand and
thereafter returned to Hyderabad.
Dhanrajmal was a Municipal Councilor for three years and participated in the
panchayat affairs. He spent most of his remaining time at his gardens located
near Doman Wah with his cousins.
Dhanrajmal expired in the year 1913 and had three sons: M/s. Choithram, Assumal
and Motiram. He also had two daughters. The eldest daughter was married to Diwan
Ranjitsingh Vishindas Ramchandani and the youngest was married in Thadanis.
Mukhi Choithram Dhanrajmal: - Mukhi
Dhanrajmal’s son Mukhi Choithram was born in the year 1887. Like his cousin
Mukhi Mangharam he was a genius and a person of repute. Both Mukhi Mangharam and
Mukhi Choithram were together not only in school and college but also they went
abroad together where they both studied law and passed out as Barristers in the
Choithram till the year 1912 worked as a partner with the law firm of Diwan
Hardaram Mewaram Jagtiani and Mr. Deepchand Advocates. He then resigned and went
overseas to look after his offices there.
Mukhi Choithram’s business suffered a set back and he had to join M/s Seimens,
a German company, as its Karachi Manager.
Due to the
second German war, M/s. Seimens had to shut down and wind up its Karachi
operations. Mukhi Choithram then joined Hyderabad Electric Company as an
administrator of the Powerhouse.
Choithram’s eldest son Mukhi Mohandas after studying English seventh grade
went overseas to look after family’s business.
Mukhi Choithram’s second son was in College doing B.A. and two other minor
sons were in school.
Assudomal Dhanrajmal: - Mukhi Dhanrajmal’s second son Mukhi Assudomal after
studying English seventh grade went overseas to look after his offices.
Motiram Dhanrajmal: - Mukhi Dhanrajmal’s third son Mukhi Motiram studied
upto English fifth grade and like his brother went abroad to take care of the
affairs of his business there.
Mukhi Dayaram Vishindas: - Mukhi
Vishindas’ second son Mukhi Dayaram was born in the year 1884. He was the
first amongst the Mukhis to pass Matriculation exam in 1894 and to go to
college. However, he quit college to join his family’s business that ran under
the name of M/s. Mukhi Hiranand Tarachand. He was at first sent to Bombay and
then to Multan, Karachi, Kasachi, Hyderabad and Naya Deray where he was
in-charge of the management. In 1930 business suffered a setback and Mukhi
Mangharam Gurdinomal had to take over the control of the management.
Dayaram was for many years President of the Shroff Panchayat. In 1934, he fell
ill, and had to curtail his activities and take it easy.
Dayaram’s eldest son Mukhi Madhavdas after two years in college joined his
business overseas. The other son Mukhi Narsinghdas had passed law and practiced
with Diwan Hotchand Gopaldas Advani, Barrister.
Mukhi Hemraj Vishindas: - The
third son of Mukhi Vishindas was Mukhi Hemraj who was born in the year 1878.
After studying English fifth or sixth grade, he joined business and looked after
his Hyderabad office. Mukhi Hemraj was a of friendly nature and got along well
with all. In 1915, he suddenly expired.
Hemraj’s son Mukhi Pessumal inherited his father’s nature and temperament
and lived overseas looking after his business.
Mukhi Dialmal Vishindas: - Mukhi
Dialmal was born in 1884 and studied up to Matric. He accompanied his cousin
Mukhi Alloomal Tejumal to Port Said Egypt and joined him as a partner. In 1913
M/s. Mukhi Hiranand Tarachand bought over Mukhi Alloomal’s firm. Mukhi Dialmal
stayed on till 1928.
Dialmal stayed in Hyderabad from 1930 to 1943 and expired suddenly. He was the
secretary of the Hyderabad Bhaibund club.
Dialmal had one son named Mr. Gulabrai who had passed his B. A. and in 1947 was
doing his M.A.
Mukhi Valiram Dharamdas: -
Mukhi Dharamdas Sagharmal’s fourth and last son Mukhi Valiram was born in the
year 1795. All the four brothers lived in Mukti Ghitti and were together in
In 1838, on
the death of Mukhi Valiram’s elder brother Mukhi Assandas, Mukhi Majlasrai
separated. The remaining two brothers Mukhi Tarachand and Mukhi Valiram
continued together. Their Kothi (office) was located in the Shahi Bazaar.
Tarachand had one son named Mukhi Hiranand and Mukhi Valiram had two sons and
two daughters. Mukhi Valiram expired in 1845.
Mukhi Lokumal Valiram: - Mukhi
Valiram’s son Mukhi Lokumal (Lokramdas) was born in the year 1815 and was
together in business with Mukhi Hiranand for a while. He was soft spoken but
dashing. He expired in the year 1872.
Lokumal had two sons, M/s. Khialdas and Naraindas, and four daughters. The
eldest daughter was married to Diwan Nenumal Dargahimal Idnani Mukhtiarkar
(Superior Revenue Officer), father of Mr. Jagatsingh Advocate. The second
daughter was married to Rajarshi Diwan Dayaram Gidumal’s brother Diwan Chanrai.
The Third daughter was married to Mr. Bulchand Kodumal Jagtiani B. A. head
master of Hyderabad Govt. High School and the fourth daughter was married to
Diwan Mangharam Mukhtiarkar.
Mukhi Khialdas Lokumal: - Mukhi
Khialdas was born in the year 1835. He separated from his uncle (Chacha) Mukhi
Chandumal Valiram and started his own Kothi (office-business) under the name of
M/s. Lokramdas Valiram. Mukhi Khialdas expired in the year 1879. He had two
sons: M/s. Gangaram (1861 - 1911) and Sirumal (1869 – 1911). Mr. Gangaram and
Mr. Sirumal were stepbrothers and lived separately.
Mukhi Gangaram, who was hard of hearing, was a moneylender and dealt in Ivory. His
eldest son Mr. Lachiram managed the Sindhi Dharamshala at Amritsar that belonged
to Seth Wassiamull Assumull.
Gangaram’s second son Mr. Gopaldas was a simpleton and did not have to work
son of Mukhi Gangaram was Mukhi Shamdas who wound up his overseas business and
joined Mukhi Gobindram as his partner. Mukhi Shamdas’ son Mr. Rattanchand has
passed his B.A. and was preparing for M.A.
Sirumal (1869 – 1911) worked with his uncle (Chacha) Mukhi Naraindas in the
firm known as M/s. Lokramdas Valiram. He thereafter moved to Tando Siru near
Nawab Shah, a village that was named after him and looked after his zamindari.
He was also a vivid writer and was renowned for his two Sindhi novels:
‘Chander Kanta’ and ‘Suraj Kanta’.
Mukhi Naraindas (1859 – 1918): -
Naraindas was an intelligent man and managed the firm of M/s. Lokramdas Valiram.
Compared to his cousins business, M/s. Lokramdas Valiram was more prosperous and
had branches scattered throughout Punjab, Karachi, and Bombay. His farmhouse was
located next to Mukhi Sukhramdas’ farmhouse and was called Mukhi Naraindas
Naraindas’ only son Mukhi Kewalram had offices
mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Bookman Old Style"">
abroad. But business turned
sour and he fell ill and had to return back to Hyderabad. He expired in the year
Chandumal Valiram: - Mukhi Valiram’s second son Mukhi Chandumal was
born in the year 1830. He joined his cousin Mukhi Hiranand and his son Mukhi
Sukhramdas in their cloth business. After the demise of his brother Mukhi
Lokumal (Lokramdas), Mukhi Chandumal started his own business.
Chandumal and Mukhi Sukhramdas worked together for betterment of the community
and did social work. When Mukhi Sukhramdas became Municipal Counselor, he got
Mukhi Chandumal selected as well on Government seat.
Chandumal was short in height and his left-hand wrist was twisted due to an
accident that he had while swimming. He expired in the year 1885.
Chandumal had one son: Mukhi Pritamdas and two daughters. The eldest daughter
was mother of Diwan Khanchand Gopaldas Mansukhani, Karachi’s renowned
Advocate. The other daughter was married to Diwan Gobindbux Khubchand Advani
(retired Mukhtiarkar (District Administrator), cousin of Sadhu Hiranand Shokiram.
Pritamdas Chandumal: - Mukhi Pritamdas, son of Mukhi Chandumal Valiram was
born in the year 1859. Mukhi Pritamdas was in his teens when his father Mukhi
Chandumal expired. He had no experience of business and as a result his cousin
Mukhi Sukhramdas went to his rescue and managed his business and at the same
time teaching him so that ultimately he could take over.
Mukhi Sukhramdas had during the lifetime of Mukhi Chandumal
given his word that in the event of any unforeseen circumstances he would look
after Mukhi Pritamdas.
Mukhi Hiranand and Mukhi Sukhramdas had groomed Mukhi Chandumal to devote time
and work for the upliftment of the community, they took out time to groom Mukhi
Pritamdas as well.
demise of Mukhi Sukhramdas, his son Mukhi Gurdinomal and after him his son Mukhi
Harkishindas Gurdinomal continued to participate in the community and social
Pritamdas was a reserve and sober man, but at the same time lady luck was with
him. He kept on expanding his branches and money kept pouring in.
Tarachand and Mukhi Valiram decided to part their ways. They had around one
thousand acres of land at Nawab Shah that were barren and uncultivated. This
ancestral land along with their other holding was then divided on paper in to
two lots. Mukhi Sukhramdas and Mukhi Pritamdas then raffled, with each one
picking one paper.
Pritamdas in his share got the barren land. However, soon thereafter on 24th
Nov. 1899 ‘Jhamrau Wah’ (canal) was inaugurated that brought water to the
barren land and made it fertile. Mukhi Pritamdas there after collected Land
Rights Fee from the occupants. Soon thereafter, Mukhi Pritamdas bought over
holdings that were in hands of his cousins Mukhi Naraindas and Mukhi Sirumal.
From a mere one thousand acres of land, his holding increased to ten thousand
Pritamdas was then considered the richest man in Hyderabad. Despite the wealth,
he was very modest and humble. He contributed to charity and kept his name
anonymous (Gupt Daan). Mukhi Pritamdas maintained relationship with his bradri
members and with Mukhi Sukhramdas till the end. He, Mukhi Pritamdas passed away
Pritamdas had four sons and four daughters. His eldest daughter married Diwan
Hotchand Chandumal Thadani, retired Collector and District Magistrate. After the
death of his wife, Diwan Hotchand remarried with the third daughter of Mukhi
Pritamdas. Diwan Hotchand’s second wife did not conceive. He had children only
from his first wife.
Pritamdas’ other daughter married Dr. Kalyandas Jethanand Shivdasani, Civil
Surgeon. The fourth daughter married Mr. Motiram Gidumal Jhangiani who was the
Traffic Superintendent of G. I. P.
Railways (Great Indian Peninsula, now Central Railways) at Bombay.
Pritamdas’ sons: Mukhi Jethanand, Mukhi Girdharimal, Mukhi Mathuradas who
passed away at the age of 11-12 years and Mukhi Gobindram. Mukhi Gobindram was
the only surviving son in 1947.
Mukhi Jethanand Pritamdas: - Mukhi
Jethanand was born in the year 1883 and studied upto English second grade. He
thereafter left school and took private tuition and acquired fluency in English.
During the lifetime of his father, Mukhi Jethanand participated in the Panchayat
activities and kept abreast with the political happenings. He was an active
Congress worker but when the British Government decided to take action against
the Congress activists, he had a second thought and kept a low profile.
meeting of Mukhis in Sind was conveyed by the Hyderabad Mukhis. Mukhi Jethanand
being elder to Mukhi Harkishindas was the Patron. Mukhi Jethanand was labeled as
the Mukhi of Sind.
Jethanand liked good things in life. (Showkeen). He spent thousand of rupees to
beautify his ancestral farmhouse and garden. He shifted from his Mukti Ghitti
house to his newly constructed palatial bungalow that had cost him lacs of
rupees, located opposite the Homestead Hall, just outside the Fort, on Paki
Jethanand expired in the year 1927 at the age of 44 years. Mukhi Jethanand had
two daughters. One married Mr. Fatehchand Tarachand and other married Mr.
Verhomal Lalwani Engineer.
Mukhi Gobindram Pritamdas: - Mukhi
Gobindram was born in the year 1898 with a golden spoon in his mouth and his
father was very fond of him. Mukhi Gobindram was handsome and inherited his
father’s estate worth lacs of rupees. After passing Matric Mukhi Gobindram
attended college for two years and got into business. His brother, Mukhi
Jethanand had got him involved in the Panchayat activities.
At the time
of Mukhi Jethanand’s demise, Mukhi Harkishindas was attending a seminar at
Poona. With Mukhi Harkishindas’ consent the seat of Mukhism was awarded to
Mukhi Gobindram. He became the Mukhi of Sind.
Gobindram was a distinguished man coming from a well to do family. Despite the
name, fame and wealth, he desired to do more for the community. Mukhi Gobindram
headed most of the charitable institutions.
Gobindram was a member of the Hyderabad Municipal Corporation. He was director
of ‘Hindu Fund’, a fund created for uplift of the Sindhi Hindus. For three
years he was President of the Tolaram Girls High School.
the Bhaibands together, a ‘Bhaibund Sabha’ was formed under Mukhi
Gobindram’s president-ship. He was conveyer of the Sind Hindu Conference. In
1936, Sind separated from Bombay Presidency, and an advisory board was formed to
select the Governor. Mukhi Gobindram represented the Hindus.
following year Assembly elections took place and Mukhi Gobindram was elected as
its member. He was the first Hindu minister and the portfolio of Engineering
Dept. went to him. Mukhi Gobindram was also a Justice of Peace.
Mukhi Gobindram was re-elected as a Minister and held portfolios of Health and
Gobindram had 5 daughter and 3 sons. The eldest son Mr. Govardhandas looked
after the farms and zamindari. The second son Ramchand was, in the year 1947,
studying in College and the third son Mr. Jagdish was schooling.
Mukhi Rajaram Sagharmal: - Mukhi
Rajaram was born in around the year 1754 and expired around 1786. He had two
sons: M/s. Menghraj and Gulabrai. Mukhi Menghraj had no children. Mukhi Gulabrai
had five sons. Mukhi Jechandas, son of Mukhi Gulabrai, prospered and expired in
the year 1844.
Jechandas’ eldest son Mr. Mangharam was born in the year 1820 and expired in
1891. He was a real estate broker and had a good personality. Mukhi Mangharam
had two sons: M/s. Chuharmal and Dulhanomal, and four daughters. The eldest
daughter married Diwan Shokisingh Pribhdas Malkani, Divisional Forest Officer.
Mukhi Chuharmal Mangatram (1856 – 1900)
was a watchmaker. He also had a Ice Depot. Ice in those days was brought to
Hyderabad all the way from Karachi.
grandson of Mukhi Gulabrai Rajaram was Mr. Harchandmal Awatrai (1814 – 1892).
He, Mr. Harchandmal Awatrai, jointly in partnership with his sayn (sambandhi -
relationship between two families whose children are married to) Seth Atmaram
Pritamdas Bhojwani of Karachi, took contracts and tenders for sale and
distribution of wine and opium. Mukhi Harchandmal had five sons and one
daughter. The daughter was married to Seth Fatehchand Atmaram Bhojwani of
Gulabrai’s son Mr. Shamdas (1800
– 1840) opened an office (Kothi) at Lakhpat and was nicknamed Lakhpat Wara. At
Lakhpat Mukhi Shamdas constructed a Dharamshala (pilgrims’ rest house) in
memory of his father and named it ‘Gulabrai Sindhi Dharamshala’.
during the Miyani battle, an exodus took place in Sind. Mukhi Hiranand
Tarachand’s family left Hyderabad travelling in bullock carts for Lakhpat and
stayed with their cousins. They returned to Hyderabad after peace had restored.
grandson of Harchandmal, Mr. Girdharimal Tulsidas worked for the Military at
Quetta and expired in the year 1945.
other descendant was Mukhi Lalchand who in the year 1947, had his offices at
Gibraltar and Trinidad.
SATHRA, SATHROW (AFFLUENT): -
lived in Sathran Jee Ghitti at Hyderabad. Their episode and origin is said to be
Hargobind Sahib had gone to Kashmir and on his return journey he camped for the
night in a village. There, he heard a child crying and screaming. Guru sahib
asked one of his shishs (disciple-follower) to investigate and report. The shish
reported that a Kathrow (destitute) child was crying. Guru Hargobind Sahib asked
the child to be brought to him.
the child Guru Sahib said that the child was not a Kathrow but he was a Sathrow
(affluent) and gave him refuge in his camp. After some time the parents came in
search of the child and Guru Hargobind Sahib handed the child back to them.
grew up to be a bright young man. His parents wanted their child to study and
take up some vocation but Sathrow would not listen. After the demise of both his
parents, Sathrow performed a Yagnya (Havan, Hom) that cost him his entire savings.
nothing left to live by, Sathrow went to Guru Hargobind Sahib who recognized him
and called out “Come come Sathrow Shah”. It was from that moment that
‘Sathrow or Sathra Shahi’ began. Guru Hargobind Sahib then dressed Sathrow
in a suitable attire and made him his shish (disciple) and deputed him to
propagate Sikhism. In the course of time, Sathrow’s shishs and their disciples
formed their own ‘Sathra sect’.
a pleasant and jovial man. It is said that he got a pair of velvet shoes made
that were 4 feet long with beautiful embroidery and word "Firshito"
(Angel) embroidered on it. Middle of the night he went to a Qazi’s (Muslim
Priest) house and left one shoe out side his door.
morning, the Qazi found the shoe with word ‘Firshto’ and thought that it
must have been an Angle that had left the shoe there. The news of the
Firshto’s shoe spread like a wild fire throughout the city and many thronged
to Qazi’s house to see it. The Qazi, it is said, charged a fee for showing the
thereafter took the other shoe and placed it on top of a stick and holding it
high in the hand he walked towards the Qazi’s house shouting that he had lost
the other shoe and inquired if any body had seen or found it?
was in doldrums. He knew that if the people came to know that the shoe belonged
to Sathrow, he (Qazi) would loose face. Qazi offered the shoe back to Sathrow
with a condition that he kept quiet and retreats quickly. But Sathrow refused
and demanded that he would oblige only if his two conditions were fulfilled.
condition was that the Qazi refrain from removing Janiya
(Sacred Thread) from any Hindu’s neck i.e. stop converting Hindus to
Islam, and second, that Qazi speak to the Hakim (ruler) and allow Sathrow and
his disciples to collect alms and donations from all the shopkeepers for their
had influence with the Hakim (ruler) who agreed to both the conditions. The Sathras thereafter collected their alms from the shopkeepers and
chanted “Hardam Baba Nanak Shah, Sukhi Da bera Bani Lai”, and would not move
till they received their alms.
Diwan Bherumal writes that the above article was published in Hyderabad’s
‘Hindu’ newspaper on April 16th 1929. The editor of the newspaper
was Prof. Ghansham Jethanand.
- Diwan Sipahimal.
are Arorvanshi. During the Arab
invasion of 711 AD most of the inhabitants of Alor fled to Multan and other
places to escape the Arab onslaught and again when an earthquake rocked Alor,
the remaining left.
Kalhora reign the Sipahmalanis lived in Multan. It is believed that it was
during that time that they (Sipahmalanis) shifted from Multan to Khudabad.
In the year
1759, Khosas (a caste among Muslim) raided Khudabad. They looted both the Hindus
and Muslims and burnt the entire city compelling the inhabitants to flee to
Sahiti, Tilti, Saywan, Larkana, Sakhar and Hyderabad. Khudabad was left to ruins.
Sipahmalanis went to Saywan where the Batanis who have the same Nagdev nukh
lived and others went to Hyderabad.
and Motiani living in District Navsheri Firoz, too have the same nukh.
Fatehali Khan Talpar declared Hyderabad as his Capital. The Sipahmalani were
amongst the first Diwans to migrate there and that is the reason why their
houses were located right in the hub of the city. The city grew around their
houses. Chhablanis also lived near to them.
Sipahimal after whom the surname is named was son of Diwan Karamchand Kalyandas.
most of the Sipahmalanis were descendants of Diwan Nandiram, son of Diwan
Sipahimal. Prominent amongst them was Sant (holy man) Sain Kesoram who was a
shish (disciple) of Sain Dalpatram Sufi of Saywan and had inherited his gadhi
Sain Kesoram, his son Sain Hariram and thereafter Sain Hariram’s brother Sain
Atmaram inherited the gadhi. His followers and believers from far and near
visited Sant Sain Kesoram’s Tikano and paid their respects.
mentioned above was not a traditional Tikano. It is said that at dusk all
utensils were washed and kept upside down including the matka (drinking water
utensil). ‘Subhanay Ja Bhagh Subhanay San’. ‘Tomorrow was tomorrow, an
Hariram was masser (son of mother’s sister) of Diwan Bherumal Advani the
Author and a regular visitor to the Tikano. He (Diwan Bherumal) had seen with
his own eyes a lady, whose prayers and wishes had been granted remove her
jewelry and put it in the donation box.
Mulchand Aaj waro (Ivory merchant) who was a Sant (holy man) as well, was
present there. Sain Hariram took the jewelry out of the donation box and handed
it over to Bhai Mulchand to sell it and buy food grain etc. that was required
for the next day for preparation of Prashad.
thronged from far away places to pay their respects and revere the Tikano (place
of worship). Arti was performed twice daily, once in the morning and once in the
evening, followed by singing of Bhajans and devotional songs.
the days of Sant Sain Kesoram, it had been customary for the Tikano to prepare
daily Dhodha (a pancake made out of Joower) and Sai Bhaji (spinach) as Parsad.
same Sipahmalani roots came Sant (pious) ‘Gyan Saroop’ who despite his
drinking habit was revered by the Pathans. They presented him with valuable
Sant Gyan Saroop’s close cousins were Diwan Jagatrai and his son Mr.
Chandumal’s family and Diwan Hargundas’ families.
Hargundas’ two sons Mr. Shamdas and Mr. Chetanram had expired prior to 1947
and only Mr. Gobindram was alive, who had in the year 1947 retired from the
Military Engineering Service.
Hargundas’ other close cousins were Diwan Ramchand, Diwan Roopchand (ex Graham
Co.), Diwan Tarachand (Cooper Co.) who expired prior to 1947. Their father was
Diwan Gurdas, son of Diwan Hotchand.
Bherumal Mahirchand Advani states that Diwan Hotchand was Nano (maternal
grandfather) of his (Diwan Bherumal’s) father, Diwan Mahirchand.
close cousins of Diwan Hotchand were Mr. Parmanand Chhatomal, Mr. Tiloomal
Teckchand and his brothers Mr. Nenumal (ex Port Trust), Mr. Naraindas, Mr.
Deepchand, Mr. Lachiram and others. Diwan Udhavdas was the grandfather of all
the above mentioned Sipahmalanis.
Udhavdas’ brother was Diwan Khemchand. His sons: Mr. Choithram (ex Graham Co.), Mr. Pessumal (Salt & Excise Dept.), Mr.
Wilayatrai (Straus Co.) and Mr. Jhamatmal (Graham Co.).
Pessumal drew a salary of Rs. 60/- per month from Salt & Excise Dept. and
expired undergoing surgery for a stomach ailment.
Wilayatrai’s wife expired during delivery. The newborn also did not survive.
Mr. Wilayatrai did not remarry and treated the children of his brother Mr.
Pessumal as his own.
Pessumal’s eldest son Mr. Khanchand had passed his M.A. and in the year 1947
was professor at Benaras University. Mr. Pessumal’s second son Mr. Naraindas
was member of the Congress party and also an Advocate.
Pessumal’s eldest daughter was married to Mr. Bhagchand Khubchand Kirpalani
BA. The youngest daughter of Mr. Pessumal, Kumari Parvatibai (Kakla) was born in
the year 1908. She had passed her BA and in the year 1947 she taught at The
Indian Girls High School, Karachi. She
was an active participant in Balkan Ji Bari.
Parvatibai had written a book titled ‘Sind – Story of Hundred Years’ and
received an award of Rs. 500/- from the Sindhi Adab (Sahitya) Board. She was the
only lady in Sind to receive such award.
cousins of Sipahmalani: Mr. Parmanand Kundanmal, Public Prosecutor and others.
Their roots are connected with Diwan Nandiram Sipahimal.
roots of Diwan Nandiram Sipahimal came Diwan Issardas Metharam (ex Salt &
Excise Dept.) He expired at the age of 38 in 1890. Diwan Issardas had four sons:
M/s. Tulsidas, Bhagchand, Jagatrai and Kodumal. All the four had expired prior
Tulsidas Issardas was born on 8th July 1874. After Matriculation he
joined Military Engineering Service in June 1891, and served for 36 years. For
many years he was with Commanding Royal Engineers’ Office as its Head Clerk at
Karachi and Quetta. He drew salary of Rs. 400/- that was considered very good
pay. He was a dedicated worker and spent most of his time at his desk that led
to, in 1916, his suffering from rheumatic or arthritis pain of the joints. The
military doctors were unable to give him relief. He then went to England for
in England gave Diwan Tulsidas some relief and he returned to Sind and resumed
his duty. For dedication and devotion to his work, he was bestowed title of
‘Rai Sahib’ by the British. However, ailment continued to curtail his
movements. He retired and took pension. Diwan Tulsidas expired on July 1st
Tulsidas left behind two sons and four daughters. His two sons Mr. Lekhraj and
Mr. Udharam were partners in the firm of M/s. M. J. Shahani & Co. at
Karachi. Mr. Lekhraj expired around the year 1947.
Tulsidas’ eldest daughter Shrimati Devibai was married. His other daughter
Kumari Bhojibai was a medical student and expired in 1925 under going medical
Tulsidas’ third daughter Kumari Jethibai was born on 4th Feb. 1906.
She passed Matric and went to College. In the year 1929 she was principal of
‘Daya Ashram’. The next year in 1930 she left the job and entered the
freedom movement with the Congress party and was responsible for picketing and
other freedom struggles.
Kumari Jethibai Tulsidas Sipahmalani was for some
time secretary of the Gandhi Hospital and member of the Municipal School Board
and in 1934 member of the Municipal Corporation.
Jethibai visited Europe in 1935 to study European education system. In 1936,
Sind separated from Bombay Presidency. The following year Kumari Jethibai became
member of Sind Assembly and in 1938, she was deputy speaker of the Assembly.
the years 1932 and 1942, Kumari Jethibai Sipahmalani participated in the freedom
movement and was sent to jail. The hardships of the prison did not deter her.
She continued with her struggle with more vigor. From the year 1944 until the
partition of India she was President of the Provincial Nurses, Midwives & Health Visitors Council.
Bhagchand Issardas, brother of Diwan Tulsidas was born in the year 1878. After
passing Matric he joined D. J. College where he and Sadhu T. L. Vaswani were the
editors of College Miscellany. After passing BA, Diwan Bhagchand served with
Kherpur Rayasat’s (State) Minster Kadar Dadkhan as his private secretary. Then
he joined Revenue Dept. and became Mukhtiarkar (District Administrator). The
last four five years of his life he was Deputy Collector but expired suddenly in
the year 1932 at Tando Adam.
Bhagchand’ son Mr. Kishinchand was born in the year 1905. He was a graduate
and Municipal Prosecutor with Karachi Municipal Corp.
amongst the Sipahmalanis in 1947 was Doctor Naraindas Dharamdas.
Punjabi businessmen from Punjab visited Sind to study the potentials of the
market and stayed on. Hence the name Sindhi Panjabi. Most of them hailed from
Deray Gazikhan, east of Punjab.
reign of the Emperor Aurangzeb, his appointed officials collected from the
Muslims "Zaqwaat" (a fixed percentage of income to be given to the
ruler for distribution of alms to the poor) and "Jazh" (a captivation
tax) from the non-Muslims.
by Guru Gobind Singh Sahib, the Sikhs refused to pay the tax with the result
they had to suffer atrocities. Unable to bear the pain and the torture, some
Hindus along with Sikhs fled to Sind and settled at ‘Llar’, that was then
the commercial hub.
there were approximately 600 Sindhi Panjabi families scattered all ever Karachi,
Kotri, Hyderabad, Tando Jaam, Tando Alhyar, Mirpur Khas, Samari, Dhagri, Tando
Adam, Nawab Shah and Sakarand. Not all these 600 families were from the same
root. They have therefore, different Nukhs. For example, Sapra, Ghera etc.
Panjabis opted for higher education and some of them became Advocates etc.
Chuharmal Kundanmal Panjabi was amongst the first to go to Bombay with Sadhu
Navalrai Shokiram, Diwan Dayaram Jethmal and Diwan Korimal Chandanmal to appear
for Matric examination and he (Chuharmal K. Panjabi) alone passed the exam. He
was also the first Sindhi who in the year 1865 passed his BA.
well known and respected personality amongst the Sindhi Panjabi was Diwan Bahadur Murlidhar
The following text has been translated from Sindhi Volume
of “Sind Jay Hindun Jee Tareekh” Part Two, page 166. For more information
look up 'Translator's note' and 'Readers Respond' after the short note on
"Bookman Old Style"">Nukh: Kukreja.
Bhagwanani, Ambwani, Keswani,
and Mulchandani have the same Nukh. They are Arorvanshi. (
It is said that while fighting a
battle, their ancestors ran out of ammunition and used Kakar (Pebbles) instead.
Hence the name Kukreja, i.e. Kakriwara.
Bhagwanani lived at Kherpur Mir
Sahibwari. Prominent amongst them was Diwan Mulram, City Magistrate and others.
Jethwani is a branch of Bhagwanani.
I have received the following communication from Mr.
Bhisham Bhagwanani, from Canada, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
that is reproduced below with his consent. I am grateful for the
Commend you for collecting the
Sindhi surnames' history. Excellent work. Please keep it up.
Eons ago someone told me that an
old book on Sindhi surnames by Mr. Sobhraj (forgot the surname), mentioned on
the very first page that Bhagwanani surname stands out for being Grand Vazirs to
Mirs of Khairpur state for many generations. But you have hardly any mention of
Bhagwananis are direct decedents
of Maharaja Surajmal of Bharatpur.
My great-grandfather, Mulram,
was the last Grand Vazir to Mir Ali Murad. The Mir had three sons, youngest one
was considered a trouble maker and on my great-grandfather's advice Mir exiled
the son on 24 hours notice. Unfortunately Mir's two older sons died and when Mir
was dieing his exiled son returned. Mir told him not to harm Bhagwananis.
After his death the son became
the Mir and told Bhagwananis that he is not going to harm them but give them
same 24 hours notice, like the one they gave him, to leave Khairpur with all
Overnight Bhagwanani left
Khairpur for Rohiri.
My father, Satramdas was a civil
engineer and on retirement wrote many books "Rohani Roshni, Bhagwat Geeta
in poetry form (in English), Bible in nut-shell etc.
My grandfather, Kewalram was a
lawyer like his two other brothers. His other brother was textile engineer from
England, he never worked and was nicknamed "Kako Vando !!!".
I am a retired scientist from
Canadian government. My older bother Air Comm. (Dr.) Nijram (winner of many
national and international awards in medicine, mountaineering, paratrooping),
after retiring from the Indian Air Force headed the big, ultra modern Choithram
Hospital and Research Center in Indore for over 12 years. His both children are
doctors. Son, Anil, went on a Mt. Everest expedition, like his father (member of
the first Indian expedition in 1960)
My younger brother Kishin is a
C.A. and has good practice in Pune. His son, Manish, is a software engineer in
My son, Neal, is MBA from Hawaii
and is a banker.
KukrejasMulram Bhagwanani, my
great-grandfather, was the minister to the Mir, and not a magistrate. Once a
Muslim delegation came to the Mir and asked him why he has Hindu minister, why
not a Muslim. To that the Mir asked them if they had some Muslim in their mind
they can bring him over. And they did.
Mir asked the candidate to go
find out where the camel caravan, which was passing through the Khairpur state,
was coming from. He went and came back with the answer.
Then Mir asked him to go and
find out what goods they are trading in. He did.
Then he asked him to find out
how often they go through the state. He did.
The Mir kept asking him
questions and he kept going back and forth to the caravan.
Then the Mir summoned for Mulram
and asked him to find out where the caravan was coming from. Mulram came back
with that information as well as answers to all the Mirs subsequent questions
and much more, and suggested to Mir that theirs looks like a very profitable
business and Khairpur state may look in to starting some thing like that.
Muslim delegation seeing the big
difference between capabilities of their
candidate and Mulram left the
Dated Oct. 2004.
'The Source of Sindhi Surnames' is a
translation into English, by Mr. Narain Sobhraj Kimatrai from the original
in Sindhi by Mr. Diwan Bherumal Mahirchand