Nukh: Ma- yajah-har.
The forefathers of Vaswanis dealt in Ma-yajah-har (Saccharum
Munja) ( fiber of a flower sheaths, out of which soft rope is made), hence the
Nukh name. They lived in Multan.
The Idnanis, Kirpalanis, Mirchandanis and Vaswanis left
Multan and migrated to Khudabad. Those of them who joined the Government service
were called Amils (Diwan) and those who set up shops to trade were called
Amongst these four above-mentioned families, you will find
both Amils and Bhaibunds.
On reconstruction of Hyderabad (Naren Kot earlier), the
first ones to arrive were Vaswani Bhaibunds who inhabited Mukti Ghitti. As
families grew, they scattered out and inhabited other areas.
By the time the Vaswani Amils came, the other Amils who had
come to Hyderabad much earlier had occupied the prime plots. The Vaswani Amils
then sought plots in Dalwani and other Ghittis (streets). Some found plots at
Navabad and in area around the market.
Amongst the prominent Vaswanis were: Rai Bahadur Diwan
Teckchand Udhavdas’ family, Prof. Gobindram of D. J. Sind College, Mr. Dialmal
Menghraj of the Indian Girls High School, Mr. Gobindram Balchand Asst. Engineer
of Karachi Municipal Corp., Master Mulchand Manghomal, Prof. Motiram of Hiranand
College of Commerce, Diwan Dharamdas Judge and Mr. Parsram Kundanmal Barrister.
Also prominent were Diwan Assumal of Navabad, his close
cousins Dr. Parmanand, and his son Prof. Shamdas.
Amongst the Vaswanis, Sadhu Thawardas Lilaram Vaswani (T.
L. Vaswani of Sadhu Vaswani Mission) had achieved the most and had published
many Sindhi and English journals. Mira High school was founded by him.
In the year 1947 there were over sixty Bhaibund Vaswani
households in Hyderabad. Diwan Bherumal M. Advani has in his volume ‘SIND JAY
HINDUN JEE TAREEKH’ (History of Hindus in Sind) given illustration of a few
Rai Bahadur Seth Mohandas Menghraj was born around the year
1860. At the young age he worked on salary with his uncle Seth Tarachand Parsram
in his jewelry shop at Bombay. Some time later Rai Bahadur Seth Mohandas became
partner of the Bombay shop.
Seth Tarachand had branches at Calcutta, Rangoon and in
Japan. At Calcutta his partners were Bhai Lilaram Dulhanomal and Bhai Issardas.
After Bhai Lilaram Dulhanomal and Bhai Issardas separated from Bhai Tarachand,
Rai Bahadur Seth Mohandas managed the Calcutta office and drew salary. After
some time, Rai Bahadur Seth Mohandas became partner of all the branches of Bhai
While at Calcutta, Rai Bahadur Seth Mohandas made friends
with Lord Minto and Lady Minto who frequently visited his shop. Lord Minto
bestowed upon Seth Mohandas the title of ‘Rai Bahadur’.
Among others who frequented the shop were Amir Aman Allah
of Kabul and the Royal Family of Nepal. Rai Bahadur Seth Mohandas had
photographs taken with them.
Rai Bahadur Bhai Mohandas did not have any children. He
wrote a Will and named Mukhi Gobindram Pritamdas, his cousin Seth Sirumal
Nihalchand and his brother in law (wife’s brother) Seth Khushiram Hassomal
Kirpalani as trustees.
According to Diwan Bherumal M. Advani, the estate of Rai
Bahadur Seth Mohandas Menghraj was worth rupees six lacs. Interest from the
legacy and rentals from the property brought in to the trust a sum of rupees two
thousand per month that was spent on charity. Rai Bahadur Seth Mohandas Menghraj
also had landed properties at Hyderabad and Karachi.
After the demise of Seth Khushiram (the brother in law),
his son Bhai Harkishindas Khushiram became the trustee. He constructed a
Dharamshala for the convenience of travelers. Bhai Harkishindas expired at the
age of seventy in the year 1930.
Rai Bahadur Seth Mohandas’ first cousin Bhai Sirumal
Nihalchand was born in the year 1889. He went to Rangoon at a very young age and
worked on salary at his uncle (chacha, father’s brother) Bhai Gunomal
Parsram’s jewelry shop. He completed one trip of three year before returning
Bhai Sirumal Nihalchand thereafter worked for his other
uncle (chacha) Seth Tarachand Parsram at Bombay on salary and completed two
trips of three years each. On the third trip, Bhai Sirumal Nihalchand was given
general partnership in all the branches owned by Bhai Tarachand Parsram.
Bhai Sirumal worked with Seth Tarachand for considerable
years and in 1932 he established his own business at Bombay in his name. Seth
Sirumal Nihalchand had good contacts and enjoyed excellent reputation with the
Rajas and Maharajas and had won their patronage.
HINGORANI: - Diwan
The Descendents of Diwan Hingoromal, son of Diwan Sukhanand
Khiomal, call themselves Hingorani.
Diwan Khiomal was Minster with Raja Rawal of Jaisalmer. Due
to some bitter misunderstanding, Diwan Khiomal thought is wise to send his
family and his son Diwan Sukhanand away to Sind.
Diwan Sukhanand had two sons: Diwan Hingoromal and Diwan
Rangomal. Both the sons held high posts with the then rulers of Sind, the
‘Kalhoras’ at Khudabad.
In the year 1759, dacoits raided Khudabad and looted both
the Hindus and Muslims. They burnt the city forcing the inhabitants to flee to
Sahiti, Tilty, Saywan, Larkana and Sakhar. Khudabad was left to ruins.
Diwan Hingoromal had four sons: M/s. Tilumal, Bhagchand,
Khubchand and Tharoomal. Diwan Tilumal migrated to Navsheri Firoz. His brothers
Diwan Bhagchand and Diwan Khubchand went to Dudan village near Larkana and were
called Dudani. After some time their descendents moved to Larkana, where they
built their own locality called Dudani Paro. Mr. Amarlal Vasanmal Dudani
Advocate was infact a Hingorani.
Diwan Tharoomal had two sons: M/s. Gurbuxrai and Ramchand.
They migrated to village Khahi Rahu, Taluka Navsheri Firoz. District. Later they
shifted to Hyderabad. From their roots came the Ramchandanis, named after Diwan
The eldest son of Diwan Hingoromal was Diwan Tilumal who
lived at Navsheri Firoz and had two sons named M/s. Motiram and Amalrai.
Diwan Motiram’s son Diwan Gunomal married into Murjanis
of Navsheri Firoz. Murjanis, along with Diwan Gunomal later shifted to Bhareen
near Kherpur Mir Sahib Wari. Diwan Gunomal’s descendents were, for a while,
called Kirtani, named after Diwan Kiratsingh, son of Diwan Gunomal. Some
thirty-five years prior to 1947, they changed their surname and called
Diwan Motiram’s brother Diwan Amalrai along with his
cousins Diwan Ramchand and Diwan Gurbuxrai moved on to Hyderabad.
From Diwan Amalrai’s roots came Mr. Jethsingh Narainsingh
Public Prosecutor. They called themselves Ramchandani. Ramchandani is therefore
a branch of Hingorani.
Diwan Higoromal’s brother Diwan Rangomal had three sons:
M/s. Idanmal, Kherajmal and Thawardas.
Diwan Idanmal got his daughter married to Diwan Naraindas,
a zamindar of Hingorjan. Diwan Naraindas was the ancestor of Bhambhanis. Diwan
Idanmal, under the protection of Vadero Fateh Khan, had built his village called
Pad-Eedan or Idan.
Diwan Idanmal’s three sons: M/s. Khemchand, Tanwarnmal
and Nandlal resided at Bharya and Tharoo Shah.
Diwan Khemchand’s descendents at Bhareen earlier called
themselves Takhtani, name adopted from Diwan Khemchand’s grandson Diwan
Takhtmal. But, some forty-five years prior to 1947, they changed their surname
Diwan Idanmal’s brother Diwan Kherajmal and his cousin
Diwan Tharoomal Hingoromal went to village Khahi Raho, located towards Navsheri
Diwan Idanmal’s brother Diwan Thawardas moved to Seeta
In addition to the Hingoranis of Hyderabad and Bhareen,
there were others.
Descendents of Diwan Hingoromal and Diwan Rangomal also
called themselves Hingorani.
Prominent amongst them were the Hingoranis of Tharoo Shah,
Diwan Banhasingh Judge, Rai Bahadur Diwan Totaram Mayaram, from Khahi Raho Rai
Sahib Diwan Karamchand Lilaram retired Educational Inspector and Dr. Gianchand
Teomal Hingorani, civil surgeon.
GEHANI: - Diwan
Diwan Gehimal was son of Jethmal Motiram. He had three
brothers named M/s. Thadomal, Baharmal and Kiyandas. See Thadani.
Diwan Gehimals descendants (Gehani) lived at Tilty. The
remaining three brothers along with their Guru Gosain Harnam Gur came to
Hyderabad and set up his Darbar.
Diwan Gehimal, brother of Diwan Thadomal, and his son Mr.
Shivdas Gehimal stayed back at Tilty, District Saywan. Their descendants call
Mr. Shivdas Gehimal had two sons: Mr. Raisingh and Mr.
Makomal. Their descendants call themselves Raisinghani and Makwani. They are all
offshoots of Thadanis of Hyderabad. In other words, their roots are connected
with Bhagia Nukh families who had migrated from Jaisalmer.
RAISINGHANI: - Mr.
Mr. Shivdas Gehimal had two sons: Mr. Raisingh and Mr.
Makomal. Their descendants call themselves Raisinghani and Makwani. They are all
offshoots of Thadanis of Hyderabad.
Mr. Shivdas Gehimal had two sons: Mr. Raisingh and Mr.
Makomal. Makomal’s descendants call themselves Makwani. They are all offshoots
of Thadanis of Hyderabad.
TAKHTANI: – Diwan
Diwan Khemchand Hingorani’s descendents at Bhareen called
themselves Takhtani, name adopted from Diwan Khemchand’s grandson Diwan
Takhtmal. See Hingorani & Malkani.
Some forty-five years prior to 1947, the Takhtanis changed
their surname to Hingorani.
Nukh, Dar – ri, is also used by Ramchandanis of Hyderabad,
Sahiti’s Hingorani Malkani, Kirtani, Ramrakhani, and Balwani.
Nagpals are Arorvanshi. See Arorvanshi.
They came to Sind from Punjab and settled at Shikarpur. In
1947 there were around 35 Nagpal household in Shikarpur. They were traders.
BHARVANI: - Seth
Nukh: - Some Bharvanis have ‘Bajaj’ as their Nukh.
Bharvanis are Lohana. (See Lohana Chapter).
Bharvani’s ancestors, during the year 711 Arab invasion,
were followers of Buddhist faith. Despite being Ahinsawadi (peace lovers), they
fought for Raja Dhahar against the Arabs. The battle was lost and they then
along with all the other Hindus left Sind for safer grounds. After time
immemorial, during the Kalhora reign, Bharvanis returned to Sind. They were then
called Sanwalani and lived at Khudabad.
Seth Sanwaldas was Khudabad’s leading Shroff or Saraf and
a trader. His offices were located at Chhapri (Sakhar) Kotri, Manjhand, Ulharpur,
Thhata and Keti Bunder. After Khudabad’s exodus he moved to Ulharpur. Seth
Sanwaldas shifted again to Manjho as the River Indus inundated Ulhapur.
Seth Sanwaldas had four sons: M/s. Bharoomal, Lakhimal,
Tolomal and Chhatomal.
Seth Chhatomal: He was a trader. Seth Chhatomal migrated to
Keti Bunder and started his own business. As of 1946, there was no information
available to Diwan Bherumal M. Advani of neither this family nor their
Seth Bharoomal was the forefather of Bharvanis despite the
fact that he had no children of his own. Seth Bharoomal and his brother Seth
Tolomal lived together in the same house and that led to Seth Tolomal’s
children adopting ‘Bharvani’ as their surname.
Seth Lakhimal’s family members called themselves ‘Lakhani’.
Seth Tolomal had two sons: M/s. Lakhmichand and Moryomal.
Seth Lakhmichand had a son named Seth Nihalchand who sired
two sons named Seth Vishindas and Seth Lilaram.
Seth Nihalchand Lakhmichand was born in village Manjho,
District Kotri. His father Seth Lakhmichand, besides having farms and gardens
(fruit gardens), also had offices at Chhapri (Sakhar), Kotri, Thhata, Ulharpur
and village Wachheray.
Seth Nihalchand married daughter of Seth Khushaldas who was
a reputed man and had offices at Lucknow, Agra and Delhi.
Seth Nihalchand did not have children for a long time.
Absence of heir affected him emotionally. Seth Nihalchand retired from business
and devoted time to his gardens and religion. He respected Sants (pious men) and
looked after them. He invited Sants and Sadhus to visit his farms and gardens
and made arrangements for them to camp there. Seth Nihalchand came in close
contact with a Sant who was disciple of Sain Gulabdas of Punjab. Under his
influence Seth Nihalchand transformed into a Sadhu and people called him
‘Bhagat Nihal Lal’. Bhagat Nihal Lal later became a Sant (pious man).
At the age of 45, Bhagat Nihal Lal was blessed with a son
named Seth Vishindas and some years later another son named Seth Lilaram was
born. On Bhagat Nihal Lal’s demise, his body was laid to rest in a Samadhi.
Seth Vishindas Nihalchand: - Right from young age Seth
Vishindas was inclined to religion. At the age of nineteen he left home for
Punjab to seek his Guru. At village Chinya Navala near Kasor he met Sant (pious)
Gulabdas and learnt his ‘Mantras’.
Seth Vishindas’ business empire extended from Karachi to
Hyderabad, Nawabshah, Manjho, Badah and Bombay. Seth Vishindas was fond of
sangeet (music) and singers from far and near visited him and participated in
the music session. Vishin Nager at Phulayli was named after him.
Seth Lilaram Nihalchand: - Seth Lilaram was born at village
Manjho. He cared for his cattle and practiced herbal medication. Due to an
epidemic at Manjho, his family and other family members left for Karachi. Seth
Lilaram stayed back to care for the sick and poor. The epidemic took its toll.
Seth Lilaram fell prey to the disease and expired.
Seth Harchandrai Vishindas: - (1862-1928). Seth
Harchandrai was born at Manjho. After gaining his primary education at Kotri, he
went to Karachi and passed his matriculation (O level) from Karachi Govt. High
School. He thereafter left for Bombay for higher studies at Elphinstone College
and passed BA in the year 1881 and LL.B. in the year 1885.
Seth Harchandrai started his Legal practice at Karachi in
the year 1886 and made a name. In the year 1887, he devoted his time to collect
donations for creation of Sind College. Seth Harchandrai was a member of the
Board and Standing Committee of the College for many years. He was also Vice
President of Benaras Hindu University.
Seth Harchandrai was very critical about the happenings in
the Karachi Municipal Corporation that was established in the year 1885. All
shortcomings in the working of the Corporation were pointed out by him by
witting letters to ‘The Phoenix’ newspaper. Seth Harchandrai was connected
with the Corporation for thirty-three years and was its President for 10 years.
Seth Harchandrai also took keen interest in the National
affairs. He joined the Congress party in the year 1888. In 1913 Seth Harchandrai
chaired the welcome committee of the Congress session held at Karachi.
From the year 1900 to 1921, Seth Harchandrai was member of
Bombay Legal Counsel representing the Sind Municipal corporations.
From 1921, Seth Harchandrai was Member of ‘Delhi
Legislative Assembly’ representing the Hindus form Sind.
It was this Honorable Seth Harchandrai who renovated the
old cremation grounds at Sakhar and built new one.
In the year 1928, Lala Lajpatrai invited Seth Harchandrai
to attend and be present at the Hind Assembly at Delhi to cast his vote against
The Siemen Commission.
Despite Seth Harchandrai’s ill health and against the
Doctor’s advice, he went to Delhi. On the day of the meeting, even though he
was not in a condition to walk, he got himself carried to the meeting to cast
his vote. The journey proved to be fatal. Seth Harchandrai expired.
News of Seth Harchandrai’s death spread like wild fire.
Assembly meeting was adjourned. Members who were present in the Assembly hall
carried Seth Harchandrai’s body on their shoulders to the cremation ground
located on the bank of River Jamuna. Dignitaries like Pundit Motilal Nehru,
Pundit Madan Mohan Malyav, Mr. Vithalbhai Patel (father of Sardar Valabhbhai
Patel), Lala Lajpatrai, and Sir Lancet Graham, who later became first Governor
of Sind, were all present and paid their homage.
Sind was proud to have Seth Harchandrai amidst it. In his
memory, Karachi Municipal Corporation installed his marble statue in its
Seth Harchandrai’s sons (as of 1946) were Mr. Atmaram,
Mr. Surajmal, Mr. Prakash, Mr. Sachanand and Mr. Daulatram.
Seth Srichand Vishindas (1874 – 1932): - Seth Srichand
was the second son of Seth Vishindas. He, after doing his BA in 1898, graduated
from Karachi’s D. J. College.
Seth Srichand managed family’s property and business.
Seth Srichand was member of Karachi Municipal Corp. Like Seth Harchandrai, he
had gone Europe for a vacation. In the year 1932, Seth Srichand expired at
Manjho due to a heart attack.
Seth Srichand’s son was Mr. Hiralal S. Bharvani, who in
the year 1946 was the Principal of Dayaram Gidumal National College, Hyderabad.
Seth Udhavdas Vishindas (1879 – 1926): - He was born at
Manjho, Seth Udhavdas was the third and youngest son of Seth Vishindas. He
obtained his primary education at Manjho and joined Karachi’s Govt. High
School where he studied upto fourth grade English. Due to bad eyesight he had to
give up studies.
Seth Udhavdas then joined his father and looked after the
grain and cotton section of the business and was fond of music and poetry (Shairee).
Seth Udhavdas’ sons were Seth Sukhdev, Seth Lachmandas,
Seth Ramchand and Seth Bharatraj.
Seth Sukhdev Udhavdas: - Seth Sukhdev was born in the year
1896 at Manjho and after studying seventh grade English he joined his grand
father in his business.
In the year 1934, Seth Sukhdev joined his brothers and
managed the cotton and grain section of the business. At Karachi, in the year
1946, his business was running under the name of ‘Seth Vishindas Sukhdev”.
Seth Sukhdev thereafter looked after the zamindari. He was member of ‘The
Imperial Council of Agriculture Research’. In addition to that he was also
Trustee of Karachi Port Trust and President of the ‘Indian Merchants
Association’ for the years 1944 to 1945.
Seth Sukhdev was a freedom fighter and participated in the
Congress Satyagrah and freedom struggles in the years 1930, 1934, and 1942.
British Government arrested him and after imposing a fine sent him to jail.
Admiring his devotion to the freedom struggle, the Congress leaders in the year
1945 – 1946 nominated Seth Sukhdev as Sind’s representative for Hind
Assembly Elections and he won. In 1946, he along with Hon’ble Seth Harchandrai
Vishindas were members of the Central Assembly at Delhi.
Seth Tolomal Sanwaldas’ other son was Seth Moryomal.
Seth Moryomal had two sons named Seth Devandas who had no
children and Seth Jethomal.
Even though they were cousins of Seth Harchandrai’s
grandfather Seth Nihalchand, they were part of the joint Hindu household.
Seth Jethomal was born in 1834 at Manjho District Kotri. He
was responsible for the maintenance and running of the household, social affairs
and other family obligations. He expired in the year 1898.
Seth Jethomal had three sons named M/s. Wadhumal, Kesavdas
and Naumal. Seth Wadhumal expired at a young age.
Seth Kesavdas was born in the year 1863 at Manjho. His
cousin Seth Harchandrai Vishindas was one year younger to him. They were very
close to one another. Seth Kesavdas was in charge of and looked after Seth
Vishindas’ affairs viz. implementation of Contracts/tenders that Seth
Vishindas took and management of Timber and Coal business at Karachi and
In 1898, plague struck Karachi. Seth Vishindas threw open
the doors of a Hospital for free treatment of the sick and poor. Everyday Seth
Kesavdas along with Seth Harchandrai visited and took rounds of the hospital to
ensure that proper medical treatment was given to the patients.
Seth Kesavdas was respected by every Hindu and Muslim. Even
Memons (a sect in Muslims) respected him and whenever a dispute arose between
them, Seth Kesavdas was asked to mediate.
Seth Kesavdas expired at Karachi in December 1905. He had
Seth Naumal Jethomal was born at Manjho in the year 1866.
He expired in the year 1891 at a young age of 25. Seth Naumal left behind his
widow and two sons: Seth Ramchand and Seth Jairamdas.
Seth Ramchand was born in the year 1884 at Manjho. He spent
some years at Quetta with his Uncle Seth Vishindas. After the death of Seth
Kesavdas, Seth Ramchand shifted to Karachi and looked after timber, coal and
shipping division of the business. He expired at Karachi in 1908 at a very young
age of 24 years. He had no sons.
Seth Jairamdas Naumal was also born at Manjho in the year
1885. He studied at Karachi’s Government High School and joined his Uncle Seth
Vishindas Nihalchand and managed his grain division of the business.
In 1919, Seth Jairamdas Naumal separated from his Uncle
Seth Vishindas Nihalchand and started his own commission agency business at
Karachi dealing in grain and cotton. Business prospered and by the year 1947 he
had his offices at Karachi, Bombay, Jacobabad and Sakhar.
At Jamesabad, Seth Jairamdas Naumal had cotton ginning and
bailing mills. At Dokri he had a rice mill, and at Karachi Dhal mill. In
addition he had landed properties.
Seth Jairamdas Naumal had six sons: Seth Jawaharlal, Seth
Mohanlal, Seth Hiralal, Seth Harilal, Seth Kaniyalal and Seth Arjanlal.
Seth Jawaharlal was born in the year 1918 and looked after
the Karachi affairs. He was a very pleasant, jovial and philanthropic person.
A Pakistan Daily pays tribute to Seth Harchandrai.
Mr. Ashok Harchandrai of Harchandrai & Sons Mumbai
contributed a news clipping of a Pakistan Daily that carried the following
“ Tribute paid to Seth Harchand
HYDERABAD, Aug. 7 (2001). Seth Harchand Rai Vishindas was
not only a lawyer but at the same time he was a social reformer and a
politician. He was father of modern Karachi.
This was stated by Professor Aijaz A. Qureshi who
inaugurated the launching ceremony of the book on ‘Seth Harchand Rai Vishindas’
compiled by Khadim Hussain Soomro, director of Sindh Sufi institute, at the
Sindh Museum here the other day.
Professor Qureshi said that Seth Harchand Rai had remained
president of Karachi municipality for 10 years from 1911 – 1921 where he
brought many changes in the face of Karachi by launching development schemes.
He played a vital role in the social, economic and
educational progress of Karachi.
He was predecessor of Jamshed Mehta, who is also considered
to be modern developer of Karachi, Professor Qureshi maintained.
Speaking on the occasion, Rochi Ram Advocate paid glowing
tributes to Seth Harchand Rai by recalling his services for the cause of
education and revival of economy.
Kishinchand Bharvani, a senior lawyer of Hyderabad, and
Grandson of Seth Harchand spoke on the background of his family and services
rendered by his grandfather.
He said that the sculpture of Seth Harchand Rai, which was
erected at the time of his death, was now lying in broken condition in the
warehouse of Karachi municipality. He said that the same may be returned to him.
Taj Joyo, a noted Sindhi writer, said that Rai had played a
great role in the movement for separation of Sindh from Bombay along with
another son of the soil, Barrister Ghulam Muhammad Bhurgari.
The following has been contributed by Prem Harchandrai
originally known as Sanwalani Seths after the elder of the family
Seth Sanwalmal Bajaj. Some
used Bajaj as their Nukh.
They are Lohanas.
are an ancient Sindhi family.
Their family tree Vance is shown as Raghuvansh.
Maryada Purshotam Shri
Ramchander also belonged to the Raghuvansh line.
too, originated from the old Raghuvanshi clan.
to be the descendants of Shri Ramchander’s son
Sharlau. Originally, the
Lohanas were Kashatris who later became traders.
In the beginning,
the forebears of this family used to live in some village on the
banks of Indus. They were farmers.
Whenever Sindh was invaded by foreigners, they armed themselves and gave
battle to the marauders to defend their land.
After the invasion was over, they would resume farming.
ancestors, during the year 711 Arab invasion, were Buddhist.
Despite being Ahinsawadi (peace lovers), they fought for Raja Dhahar
against the Arabs who laid siege to his fort.
When Dahar’s devoted soldiers saw his fort crumbling they went down
fighting. Among those who laid
down their lives was Rajmal – a member of the Bajaj (Bharvani) clan. After
the battle was lost they along with all other Hindus left Sind.
After time immemorial they
returned to Sind
during the Kalhora reign and lived at Khudabad and
were called Sanwalani Seths.
Sanwalmal Bajaj (died 1773):
elder of the family and used to live in Khudabad in the early 18th
century. He was a
prosperous jeweler and trader. Sindh
was in those days ruled
by the Kalhoras and Khudabad was their capital city.
The family came to be known as the Sanwalanis after Sanwalmal.
Sanwalmal had business interests in Khudabad, old Sukkur, Kotri, Thatta
and Keti Bunder, all of them were important trading centers of Sindh in those
the Kalhoras were on the decline, Baloch marauders
attacked Khudabad in 1768 and put the city to torch.
There was an exodus from the ransacked capital.
Sanwalmal and his family found refuge in Unnarpur and resumed their
business activities. Sanwalmal
leaving behind four sons, Chhatomal, Lakhimal, Bharomal and Tolomal.
After his death his property was divided among his heirs.
However Bharomal and Tolomal continued to live together after their
a trader. He migrated to Keti
Bunder and set up his business there. As on
1776, there was no information available about
his family tree.
family members were later on came to be called ‘Lakhianis’.
had only one
son Khushaldas who was also
blessed with only one son Sangomal who died
issueless. Seth Bharomal and Seth
Tolomal had involved
themselves in Trade and Business and were very successful businessmen in their
had two sons. Seth
Lakhmichand and Seth Moriomal.
had only one son
named Seth Nihalchand who
fathered two sons named Seth
Vishindas and Seth Lilaram.
two sons named
Seth Devandas who had no issue and Seth
Jethomal who had three sons named Wadhumal, Kesavdas and Naumal.
Wadhumal died in Child hood.
other two sons, Kesavdas was born
in 1862 and was issueless.
Naumal was born in 1866 and died
at the age of 25. He left behind
2 sons Ramchand (Born 1884) and
Jairamdas (Born 1885). Like his father Ramchand also died young
at the age of 24 years. Jairamdas
had six sons Jawarmal, Mohanlal, Hiralal, Harilal, Kanialal and Arjunlal.
Towards the end of his life Jethomal grew very week and spent most of
his time at home. He died in
Nihalchand Lakhmichand 1798-1865:
was born in village Manjho, District Kotri.
His father had business, offices and large size shops at Chhapri
(Sakhar), Kotri and Thhata.
He expanded his business and also opened many shops at Ulharpur
and village Wachheray. He even
came to acquire and own
many acres of agricultural lands and several fruit gardens.
was himself a very well to do
the daughter of a wealthy business man of Hyderabad Sindh
Seth Khushaldas Parumal who also had
offices at Lucknow, Agra and Delhi.
For a long time Seth Nihalchand
did not have children. Absence of
an heir effected him emotionally.
He therefore left the business and devoted his
time to look after Sants,
Saints and Sadhus whom he often
invited to come and stay in his Gardens one of which had later on came
to be known as “Bilas Baug”.
He came in close
contact with a Sant Parmahance who was the
disciple of Satguru
Gulabdas of Punjab.
In his company
a Sadhu himself and people named him ‘Bhagat
Nihal Lal’. Bhagat Nihal Lal himself
became a Sant with a Big
follower-ship and chose to live the
rest of his days as an ascetic.
many years of his marriage at the age of 45, Bhagat Nihal Lal was blessed with
2 sons name
Vishandas and later on yet
another son named
Lilaram. They were both
brought up with great love and affection
under the care of their father.
However their fathers piety
left a deep imprint
on their mind. Sages and Saintly
men used to meet every day in their “Bilas Bagh”
to engage in learned discourse and listen
to devotional music. All these
influenced the two boys in their formative years.
Their father taught them Punjabi in the Gurmukhi
script and Sindhi
at home. The two brothers were
married in 1859. Vishandas was
married to Seth Dunimal Tilokchandani’s
daughter Reejhalbai of Village Manjhand.
Lilaram was married to Nirmalabai
who was the daughter of Seth Bojhraj Khealdas.
Both Dunimal and
were leading merchants in Manjhand.
On his demise in the year 1865, Bhagat
Nihal Lal was
not cremated but his body was
laid to rest in a Samadhi in his own garden next to the Samadhi of his Guru
Parmahance who died in 1857.
The Samadhi was named after him and was called Darbar Parmahance.
was born in Manjho, a village near the Railway
Junction of Kotri in Sindh,
now a part of Pakistan . His father Nihalchand,
belonged to a family of landlords and merchants and the family was known as Gulabdasis.
It was said that soon after he was born, Sant Parmahance,
the Guruji, of Vishindas’s
father, had said that the boy will attain both wealth and fame, but will lead
a religious and austere life
like his father. The
family named him Vishin who was showing more and
more leanings towards religious ways of life even as child.
to Beejhalbai, daughter of Seth Dunimal
Tilokchandani, a wealthy businessman of Manjand
at the age of 16, he accepted asceticism at the age of 19 and also obtained
mantras from Sant Gulabdas.
the same time, Seth Vishindas was building a
business empire which slowly but steadily expanded from Manjho
to Karachi and from Karachi to Mumbai and Hyderabad
. But he continued to take keen
interest in religious and social activities.
He gave liberally for the welfare of the poor and also involved
activities like ending dowry and
also educating people to avoid extravagance in marriages, etc.
a book published which is considered as a code of conduct for Hindus which was
distributed through local bodies. Once
there was a terrible drought in Kohistan and the
people living there began to find it difficult to make ends meet.
This moved Vishandas and he promptly
ordered that fair price grain shops
to be opened in
He was a big timber contractor and he allowed the poor to sell wood to
make a living and also permitted them to graze their cattle on his land. In
recognition of his
role as a social reformer, he was conferred with the title of Rai
a businessman, Vishindas was the biggest
contractor of forests of Sindhi, owner of Ginning factories, rice thrashing
units and a fleet of Boats to undertake transportation of Merchandise upto
, Malabarcoast and Madras . He ran a large Commission Agency Business in Kharadar
in Karachi . He also owned thousands of acres of agricultural land.
He built a huge Mansion in Lakhi Street
in Karachi which had a magnificent Hall named Vishan Sabha
where he would host daily musical sessions.
Similar sessions used to be held in his Gardens in Manjho
at Vishin Nagar in
Hyderabad. His constant contact with
prominent singers and teachers of music enabled Vishandas
to acquire a deep knowledge of the intricacies and nuances of various ragas.
Noted singers from all over India used to be invited and applauded for their art.
Performers had to be careful singing before Seth Vishindas
as he was himself a good magician and also possessed a deep knowledge of the
intricacies of Music.
1897, a plague epidemic hit Karachi causing great panic among the
people. Extreme adverse conditions led people to abandon friends
and relatives of each other. The
local civil hospital was poorly equipped and managed.
Vishandas rose to the occasion by
establishing a hospital at his own expense and put it under the charge Dr. Nazrat,
a leading physician of his time. The
hospital was situated in the Bhimpura Quarters
near the Bara Akhara.
It had 75 beds and a full complement of nurses and paramedical staff.
The Hospital came to be known as Vishandas Hospital
. Everyone was given the best
treatment without regard to his caste or creed.
The patients were looked after day and night also by the Seth’s son
Harchandrai and nephew Seth Keshavdas.
the time of his death in the year 1929, Vishandas
left behind over 8000 acres of land and also other huge fortunes for his
descendents. In the last few
years of his life, afflicted by asthma, he was obliged to move and settle down
at Phulayli in
The locality was named after him as “Vishan
He had a Serai (inn) established for
travelers. He organized
annual fares with free community kitchens.
He also took considerable part in local and political affairs.
He attended the 1st, 2nd and 3rd
sessions of the Indian National Congress and upto
the end of his life, he was a member of Karachi District Board and was the
President of the Kotri Tehsil
Local Board. He set up
schools, hired the services of teachers and ordered the construction of a
hospital. Seth Vishandas had 3 sons Seth
Harchandrai, Seth Shrichand and Seth Odhudas
who divided the ancestral property
among themselves. Seth Vishandas had also four
Panjalbai, Motibai and
Gungalbai was married to
from whom she bore three sons, one of whom, Seth Shevakram
was for many years President of the Kotri
municipality. Panjalbhai was married to Seth Chhatumal
Hotchand of Alam Khan Marri
village. The couple
was issueless. Chandibai
was married to Seth Tolaram
Devjiram of Alhyar
village. This couple, too, was
died in the 1935 during
the Quetta earthquake. Chandibai
was also injured. She died in
Mathura in 1948.
was born 2 years
after Seth Vishindas in village Manjho in Kotri Tehsil.
Since both the sons were born to Seth Nihalchand after many years after
his marriage, they
both grew up with a lot of
love and affection under their fathers care.
Because the sages and sanits
used to meet every day in the “Bilas
to their father, the 2 sons were
greatly influenced by them. At the age of 14 in the year 1859 Lilaram was also
got married to
Nirmalabai daughter of Seth Bojhraj
Khealdas a trader and businessman in Manjhand.
Seth Lilaram ran the
family business with much success.
He was fond
of cattle and practiced herbal
medication. Due to
cholera that broke out in
Manjho in 1900, he sent his family to Karachi and stayed back to look after the poor and sick
and fell prey to the
epidemic and died the same year.
Vishandas: C.I.E., B.A., L.L.B.
was born in
a small village in Manjho Tehsil
obtained his primary education in
Kotri at a school founded by his father Vishandas.
He passed his matriculation from Karachi Govt.
High School in
1878 and went to Bombay for higher studies. In Mumbai he studied at
Elphinston College and passed BA in the year 1881 and
later passed his law in
the year 1885. After
returning to Karach
, Seth Harchandrai accepted a
subordinate job in Shikarpur court under the
advice of Diwan Dayaram
whom he had considered his hero. Government
servants in those days were held in great public
esteem and awe which prompted
Seth Harchandrai to join the
Government service. But
his father, Seth Vishandas, who was reputed as a prosperous
businessman at that time did not approve of his son’s decision
to accept a Govt. job and persuaded him to resign. By now a Barrister in law,
Seth Harchandrai returned
to Karachi and set up his
own legal practice in the year 1886.
In those days there were only a few lawyers of reputation in Karachi
. Seth Harchandrai soon achieved
fame and established his name and as a lawyer of great repute. He was highly
talented and knew the art of public speaking and
was even charming in private conversations and served his
clients with a great amount of integrity and honesty.
He was elected
as a Honorary
Secretary of the Karachi Bar Association which was established in 1890.
He held this office
for full 38 years which was
a positive proof of the love and respect in which
the legal fraternity in Karachi.
him. It is said the Md. Ali Jinnah
did attend the chambers of Seth Harchandrai and worked as an apprentice with
Harchandrai Vishandas and company and later on
went to build himself up as a great lawyer.
Despite the heavy load of legal work, he always spared time for social
welfare work. It was Seth
Harchandrai who saved the old cremation grounds at Sakhar
and built new ones.
Harchandrai was very critical about
the happenings in the Karachi Municipality
that was established in the year
1885. In 1888 at the
age of 26, he was elected member of Karachi Municipality
was its legal
advisor from 1896 to 1910 until when in
1911 he was elected its President
and continued as
President until 1921.
Because he wanted to make Karachi a beautiful and clean city, he toured
to see for himself how cities are planned there and studied the
Municipal laws of
those cities. In 1921 when
Seth Harchandrai was
elected to the Indian Legislative Assembly, he was obliged to remain in Delhi
for long period of time. He
therefore voluntarily resigned from the Presidentship
of the Municipality. His service spanning
33 years to the Karachi Municipality ended with a grand and marvelous
farewell party. The meeting held
on April 20, 1921
was the last that he had attended. Many
speeches and tributes were paid to enlighten the work and achievements of Seth
meeting had adopted many eulogizing
resolutions of the great services rendered
Seth Harchandrai, a villager who reached such heights
in India , was a matter of
pride for Sind
. Of him,
it was said that Seth Sahib
is the father of Modern Karachi because of his Association with the Municipality
of Karachi as its member for 22 years and as its President for 11 years.
It is during this period that Karachi was transformed from a sleepy little fishing village to a
Modern Town . The relevance of Seth Harchandrai’s
contribution to making of Modern Karachi can be assessed from the fact that
after his death a statue committee was formed by leading
citizens of Karachi under the Chairmanship of the Commissioner Mr. Hudson to execute its project.
A Statue of
Seth Harchandrai Vishandas
was installed in the compound of the Karachi Municipal Corporation at a
very well attended function by many leading personalities who paid homage to
the services rendered by Seth Harchandrai in the making of the city of
Harchandrai took interest in the Nation’s affairs. He joined The Indian
National Congress party in the year 1888 and for 30 years he remained a
congress leader from Sindh.
It would not be far too wrong to say
that congress was Sindh and for Sindh,
congress was Seth Harchandrai. The
session was held at Karachi in the year 1913 at the invitation of Seth Harchandrai.
He was Chairman of the welcome committee.
The great leader of Sindhi Muslims, Ghulam
Muhammad Bhurgari lent full support to Seth
Harchandrai as did Ghula
and Ayub Khan.
Chagla even became one of the Secretaries
of the reception committee. Sindhi
Muslims not only participated
in large members but also gave full support.
This was a new chapter in the history of the Congress.
A good part of the credit for this went to Seth Harchandrai.
the year 1910 to 1920, he was elected as a member of the Bombay Legislative
Council representing the Municipalities.
Since Seth Harchandrai had lived in Bombay for 7 years some of the council members got to know him
well and since he used to attend Indian National Congress
Meetings from 1888 onwards, he got acquainted with many leaders some of whom
were actually his friends. The Council
embarked upon a programme of social
welfare and Seth Harchandrai represented Sindh
to the best of his ability. During the 10 years membership of the
Bombay legislative Council Seth Harchandrai served his people in many ways so much so
that he put an end to the explication
High handed attitude of
the bureaucracy. It can be
said without fear of denial that a new chapter of socio-economic growth
almost entirely by
Seth Harchandrai Vishandas.
It will be interesting to know that some
of the members of the Bombay Legislative Council in those days
were Sir Pheroz
Shah Mehta, Mr. Gulam Muhammed
Bhurgari, Mr. Vithalbhai
Mr. Purbashankar Patmni,
Mr. Sheeraf Devji
Kanji, Chunnilal V. Mehta, Mr. V. Mehta,
Shrian Shulam Hussain
Nehru and Mr. D.V. Beelvi.
1920 until his death in 1928, Seth Harchandrai was also
elected Member of the Indian Legislative Assembly representing
the Hindus from Sind
. As a member of the Assembly he
had to handle many public grievances and grants that needed the approval of
the government which
were got redressed by Seth
Harchandrai. The most important
was the fact that with his efforts and intense persuasion, he got the Bombay
government to implement the Sukkur Barrage Scheme
in 1923. The work of the Barrage
was resumed and completed subsequently and it changed the face
and fortune of Sindh.
Harchandrai was one of the pioneers who sold the idea of separation of Sindh
from Bombay Presidency. The
motive behind this move was the realization that the administrative and social
problems of Sindh could be solved only after it
acquires the status of a separate province.
In the annual session of All India Congress of 1913 Harchandrai raised
this demand in his presidential address delivered in the capacity of Chairman
Reception Committee. It was Seth Harchandrai
who was the revolutionary
worker who also gave legal Battle for separation of Sindh from
Harchandrai’s contribution to the cause of
education was well-known. He
found time to teach children in their make shift schools which
used to be set up by different communities
old town in those days. He got an
opportunity to expand and set up educational facilities when he became the
President of the Karachi Municipality . In those
days there were several associations belonging to different
communities which were engaged in educational activities.
He supported them and
allocated plots of
land free of cost to built schools and colleges.
This encouraged the associations to work with much vigor - and enthusiasm
for the cause of education of each community.
untiring efforts of Diwan Dayaram
Gidumal led to the creation of the
Sindh College . Harchandrai devoted his time to
for the creation of college. He
also remained a member of the standing committee of the college for several
years. When Pandit
Mohan Malvia launched his
fund raising campaign to
raise the standard of education
in Benaras (now Varanasi)
Hindu University, Seth
Sahib Harchandrai gave him all out support and was made the
Vice-President of the University.
the year 1928 when Seth Sahib was unwell, Lala Lajpatrai
wrote to Seth Harchandrai asking him to be
present at the Hind Assembly at
Delhi and vote against the all white Simon Commission which was deputed to
India to review the working of the 1919 reforms and the Congress party decided to
press for its boycott.
Seth Harchandrai’s vote was required.
Sarojini Naidu came
down to Karachi to impress upon him of the imperative need of his
presence in the Assembly for that purpose.
Despite his ill health and against the Doctor’s advice, he
went to Delhi. On the day of the meeting,
he had to be carried
to the meeting Hall but expired
there. News of his death
spread like a wild fire. The
Assembly meeting was indefinitely postponed and members gave their shoulders
to carry his body to the cremation ground on the bank
of River Jamuna.
Dignitaries like Pandit Motilal
Nehru, Pandit Madan
Mohan Malvia, Mr. Vithalbhai
Patel (father of Sardar Valabhbhai
Patel), Lala Lajpatrai,
and Sir Lancet Graham, who later became the first Governor of Sind
were present to pay their last respect. At
the 45th Annual Meeting of the congress held in Karachi in the year 1931 it was acknowledged that Seth Harchandrai was the moving
spirit behind the first congress session at Karachi
The fact that he was the first
Martyr of National struggle, the camp was named after Harchandrai (Harchandrai
Nagar) to pay tribute and to honour
Harchandrai as a great leader. The story of the life of Seth Harchandrai was
in fact an integral part of the
political history of Sindh.
to Attoribai daughter of Baldev
Belani, Seth Harchandrai was blessed
with 4 sons and 2 daughters. The
eldest was a daughter Parvati (1914)
who was married to Deomal son of Fetechand
Keswani of Tandojam,
then a son Atmaram (1916) Suraj
Prakash (1918) Sachanand
daughter Dhanvanti (1922) who was married to Hiranand
son of Dalamal
more has been written about Seth Vishandas
and Seth Harchandrai in the Book complied by Kadim
Hussain Soomro and
composed by Taswar Hussain.
The First edition was printed in September 1996 and the Second edition
printed in April 2001 by sain publishers Sehwan
Sharif and printed at Saddat
Art Press 19-A, Abbot Road Lahore which throws much light of their greatness.
second son of Seth Vishandas. He
did his BA and graduated from Karachi’s D.J. College
in 1898and looked after the family property and business.
Like Seth Harchandrai he also went to Europe
Srichand was member of Karachi Municipal
expired in the year 1932 at Manjho due to heart failure.
He had only one son Hiralal, who later on
became the Principal of the Dayaram Gidumal National
College, Hyderabad .
Bharvani Hiralal Srichand,
B.A ., (Bom.), M.A. (Cantab.), Bar-at-law, was
born on 17th April 1905 was initially educated at the N.J.V. High
School and graduated from D.J. Sindh College at Karachi.
As a student he had a
brilliant career and was the recipient of innumerable prizes and
scholarships. He stood first
class first in Sindh in his B.A. Examination
with English and
Persian. In 1925 at the young
age of 21 years, he was
appointed a full-fledged Professor
of English in Sindh National College, Hyderabad . He was perhaps the youngest
Professor in India. He proceeded to
1927, passed English Tripos (Honours)
at Cambridge with French and Italian as his subsidiary languages in 1930.
He was unanimously
elected President of the Indian Majlis Cambridge.
During the same year he was
called to the Bar from the Honourable Society of Lincolns’ Inn
. He joined Harchandrai and
Company as an advocate in January
1931. In June 1932
he rejoined Sindh National College as senior Professor of English and French on the day when the college was
renamed after Diwan
June 1932. He became
the Principal of
from December 1938 onwards.
He had traveled
every part of
India and Ceylon and had visited Europe
7 times and saw for himself the
Seven Wonders of the World
. He wrote many
learned articles and debated
with rare power and charm and improved the College.
During his days, the college had grown
from strength to strength and had expanded in all
the number of students having risen from under 300 to over 600 within four
years. He was a keen Mason having
seen Right Worshipful Master of his mother lodge Sir Charles Napier (1064
S.C.). He was the President of
Rotary Club, Hyderabad, and an old Member of
Dialdas and Bhaibund
Clubs besides the Karachi Club. His
hobbies were traveling, Music and Novel reading.
He was a University Examiner upto B.A. and was a Member of Bombay
University Students Welfare Committee.
He came from one of the best and most prominent
families of Sindh, son of
Seth Srichand a Land Lord and Zamindar and the
nephew of Late Seth Harchandrai Vishindas a leading light of Sindh and
grandson of Seth Vishindas Nihalchand.
died in Delhi in 1949. He died
at a young age of 46 years after prologue
illness. He remained
unmarried. During his
illness he was
attended up to the very end by Seth Suraj Prakash
son of Seth Harchandrai. His body
was cremated on the Banks of river Jamuna and
the urn containing
his ashes was taken to Hardwar
by Seth Suraj Prakash and
immersed in the river gangs.
Udhavdas Vishindas (1879-1926):
in Manjho, Seth Udhavdas was the third and the
youngest son of Seth Vishindas.
He obtained his primary education at Manjho and joined Karachi Govt.
High School where he studied upto Standard Forth English and due to bad
eyesight had to give up
Udhavdas then joined his father and looked after
the Grain and Cotton section
of the business. He
was fond of music and poetry (Shairee).
Udhavdas’ had 4 sons:
Sukhdev, Seth Lachmandas,
Seth Ramchand and Seth Bharatraj.
in Manjho and studied upto Standard Seventh
joined his Grand
father in his business.
the year 1934 he joined his brother and dealt in Grain and Cotton.
Karachi , he ran his business under the
name, “Seth Vishindas Sukhdev”.
For many years he took up Zamindari and was
member of ‘The Imperial Council of Agriculture Research’.
He was also Trustee of Karachi Port
Trust. He was
President of ‘Indian Merchants Association’ from the year 1944 to 1945.
was a Congress freedom fighter and participated in Congress Satyagrah
struggle in 1930, 1934 and 1942 and was sent to jail and fined.
Appreciating his devotion, the
leaders in the year 1945 – 1946 nominated him from Sind
for Hind Assembly Elections and he won. In
Hon’ble Seth Harchandrai Vishandas,
he became member of the
Central Assembly at Delhi. He continued to live in
Pakistan after the partition and remained a member of the Assembly in Pakistan
until 1954. He was blessed with 4
sons Khushiram, Sunderdas, Mahesh and Mohan.
Born in 1927 in Manjho.
The family continued to live in Pakistan after partition. He had 3 sons,
Kishichand who is today a well known High Court Advocate in Karachi , Bhagwan is the financial advisor and Manager costing to Pakistan
International Air Lines and Ishwar
who is settled in the U.K and a successful
born in 1917 at Manjho and died in Bombay in the year 1961. He
had only one son Anil (Monu)
who lives in Pune and is engaged in real state and food supplies business.
was born in Manjho. The
family migrated to India during early 1950. He had 3 sons.
Inder, who initially involved himself in the construction business
is successfully carrying out business in Diamonds.
Both Ajit and Raju went to live in Antwarp and joined the business of
Diamonds and are successful.
put the record correctly
about the family of
Seth Harchandrai Vishandas,
it is necessary to add as to how
over the last three generations, the surname Bharvani
was asked to submit his surname upon his election to the Indian
legislative Assembly in the year 1920. He
traced his 7th generation ancestor,
who died issueless and left behind
no family tree. In order to perpetuate his memory,
he chose an abbreviated
which was derived from the name Bharomal.
Seth Vishindas therefore
came to be known as “Bharvanis’’
the sons of Seth Harchandrai – Seth Atmaram
(1916), Seth Surajmal Prakash
(1918), Seth Sachanand (1922)
and Seth Daulatram (1926) all came to be
known in the Business Community as ‘Harchandrais,’
because the business friends and also their foreign principals found their
names long stretched and also since Seth Harchandrai was well-known, they
chose the surname “Harchandrai”.
All the sons of Seth Harchandrai had migrated to India
in the year 1947, except
Seth Surajmal Prakash
who had to windup his business in Karachi
and migrated in the year 1948. They
all left behind huge properties, including several thousand Acres of
Agriculture land, 2 large size Ginning factories and 2 big residential
buildings in Karachi
However, after migration Suryaprakash
was invited to join the services of the government of India
and worked as a refugee
re-settlement officer at Bantwa
But, he became dissatisfied with the widespread corruption in the
service and left his job and joined his childhood friend Mr. Gobindram
Hemumal who had good knowledge and experience in
the construction business.
Later on, his other brothers joined him and
all pooled the resources that they were able to bring with themselves
and constructed 2 Buildings on Mughal lane in Mahim
(Mumbai) known as - Union
House No. 1 (1950) and Union House No. 2 (1952).
Meantime, because of his knowledge and experience in
in the business of Machinery
Parts, Seth Suryaprakash,
together with his
youngest brother Daulatram, opened a
trading house in 1950 at
Bunder Road (Mumbai) and named it “Ball Bearing & Machinery
Corporation.” Seth Atmaram
who at that time was
practicing law did not find the
profession interesting and along
with Sachanand joined them in business and
together put up
a small office on the Masjid
Road and started the business of
Bearings and leather beltings. Their
new company was known as “Harchandrai Sons”.
in the year 1953-54 business suffered a set back due to changes in the
Government Policies. As a
result, Atmaram left for the Far East
to explore the possibility of expanding their Indian business and finally
landed up in Japan in the year 1954 where he organized Imports of Bearings into
India . He saw good prospects in
Japan and called his younger brother Sachanand and set
up a Business of Artificial flowers in Yokohama ( Japan). Meantime, Daulatram
left Bombay to join his in-laws, who after partition had settled down in
Jamaica in the West Indies
. After settling Sachanand
in Japan, Atmaram returned to India . Meantime business climate in
India improved and the Bearing trade too showed major improvement, BBMC came to be
known as one of the biggest importers and leading suppliers of Ball and Roller
Bearings. In 1956 they
acquired a bigger place and in a prime location of Nagdevi Street
and moved both the companies there.
who was carrying on with the flower business in Japan received an offer from an American buyer who wanted him to work as his Agent
for purchasing cultured pearls from Japan . The family thereafter also got
involved in the business of cultured pearls and prospered very well.
Soon Daulatram joined Sachanand
in Japan and both together expanded the business in Japan . Because the younger Harchandrais
who grew up and joined the family business, the Harchandrais
in India had to expand their Business activities and in 1966 opened a diamond export
business. In 1969 Seth Sachanand
moved to Hong Kong
set up an office
as well. Initially he started
Importing Diamonds from India and got jewellery
manufactured in Hong Kong
for exports to Dubai and to other gulf countries. Finding
exports to Dubai profitable, one of the younger sons of Harchandrais
was sent to Dubai to handle the Business there.
The Original Ball Bearing Business was doing very well.
The Harchandrai also came to acquire and own agricultural land of over
130 acres in
Hyderabad Deccan ( India ) and even involve
themselves in the business
of construction. Harchandrais
built Bay-View (1959) in Malabar Hill. In
1962 they Built
“Delstar” on Huges Road.
In 1964 they constructed “ Central Court ” on Motlibai Street
at Bombay Central and
“Harchandrai House” in
1965 on the Queens
Road and lastly
Naples ” on the Sobani Road
at Cuffe Parade,
in the year 1966. Because
the family tree expanded Seth Surajmal together
with his son Prem separated from the family business in December 1973.
Seth Daulatram separated in 1976.
However Seth Atmaram and Seth Sachanand
remained in business with each other until 1984 when they too separated and
divided equally the assets amongst themselves.
Harchandrai, son of Seth Harchandrai was born on 9th March in the
year 1918 in
He had his earlier education in Karachi
and Graduated from Pune’s
after his graduation, Suryaprakash established a
trading house in hardware and
machinery. But partition in
the year 1947 forced him to leave
huge family property
which included vast acres of land. He
had only a cash of around
Rs. 80,000 with him when he
in the year 1948. However, life for him and the family was in disarray.
the Government of India came to his rescue by offering
Suryaprakash a job as the refugee
Resettlement Officer in Kutch
But finding that corruption
and many malpractices marked the rehabilitation scheme for the
refugees, he resigned and left Kutch
and started exploring business opportunities.
But finally, came down
to Mumbai to join one
of his childhood friend in the
construction industry. Because of
his earlier experience
in the Business of Machinery Parts,
he started trading in Ball Bearing and Machinery Parts from a small
Later on as the business expanded
the ball bearing business was
one of the premier business centers in the city.
He made good progress here and continued with the ball bearing business
till he died in April 1977 at the
age of 59 after a brief illness.
from his childhood, his grand father, Seth Vishandas,
had noticed in Suryaprakash a
keen interest in classical music and encouraged him to gain expertise.
Although Suryaprakash was never a professional
singer, noted singers
like Jagjit Singh, Gobind
and Rajendra Mehta came to him to get
the perfection of
their ragas. They all
had great faith in the expertise
in the ragas of classical music and held him in high respect.
Seth Surya Prakash
would also hold regular Musical Darbars at his
Residence in Malabar Hill. Jagjit
and Citra Singh, Nina and Rajendra Mehta
and Nirmala Devi
were some of the few noted gazal singers who would
regularly perform at his residence. Singers
such as Bhimsin Joshi, Actarbhai
would specially invite him whenever they performed in
was good natured and
involved himself in
social, cultural and religious activities.
He was fond of traveling and had traveled all over
made several visits to
in the Pre-partitioned days. Being
very Religious and Pious
he had visited almost all places of pilgrimages in
He was well traveled and had visited almost all countries abroad.
When he passed
away in the year 1977
his family had received many condolences from all over the world
expressing deep sorrow and saying
wonderful things about him. As a
mark of respect and love for him, over thousand
people attended his condolence meeting.
He was one of the founders of The All India Ball Bearing Merchants
Association and its President in the years 1960-63 and 1967-68.
He was one of the champions of
Ball Bearing Trade and passionately worked for the well-being of this trade.
was married to Lal alias Ratna
daughter of an oil merchant bhai Tharoomal
Mirchandani and had one
son Prem, (born on 10th
January 1943) and daughter
(born on 1st May
1945) - Prem married Asha alias Kaajal,
Daughter of Wasiamal
settled in London and Shakuntala
was married to Ramkishin,
son of Raisahib
Suryaprakash Born January 1943:
Suryaprakash Harchandrai (Prem) was born in
Karachi (now in Pakistan ) on January 10, 1943
. He is
the only son to his late parents – Seth Suryaprakash
Harchandrai and Lal
Alias Ratna Suryaprakash
had his education first in
and later in Pune
and also in Mumbai.
family, a distinguished Sindhi Zamindari from
Hyderabad Sindh, (now a part of
had produced not only some of the well-known
Zamindaris and business leaders and famous
philanthropists of the day but
also stalwarts whose contribution to India’s
freedom movements was great.
grandfather, late Seth Harchandrai Vishandas, was
the first Mayor of Karachi
and from 1910 until
his death in 1928, was a member of the
Viceroy’s Council, a Legislator
in the Bombay Legislative Council and later in the Indian Legislative and
Central Assembly during the
Pre-independence days. He
had close acquaintance with leaders like Shri Pherozeshah
Mohan Malvia, Jamshed
Nehru, Sardar Vallabhai
Lajpatrai and Mahatma Gandhi.
partition, the family migrated to
father, late Seth Suryaprakash Harchandrai, was a Refugee
Settlement Officer. Later,
in the year 1950 the Harchandrais settled down in
Mumbai where Suryaprakashji
established his own business.
a student, Prem was bright in his studies.
He was also a keen Sportsman.
He was awarded the ‘B’ and ‘C’ Certificates of the NCC Cadets.
Prem, has some firsts to his credit.
He was the Regimental Sergeant Major of the 1st Maharashtra
Battalion and also
the only Cadet selected from Maharashtra
in 1963 to represent that State at the Republic Day Parade in
in the year 1964 he was commissioned in the Army and
posted at NDA under
training for almost 5 months.
He left the army after intense pressure
from his father.
his college education Prem had to also join his father’s business in Mumbai
– Ball Bearing distribution – at an early age of 18 in the year 1960.
After a brief
period of training in Mumbai he was sent to Kolkata
where his firm, Ball Bearing & Machinery Corporation (BBMC) had opened a
branch. Heading the branch in Kolkata,
himself forced to return to Mumbai as the Nexalite
movement in West
Bengal had begun to pose a
serious threat to the life and properly of the business and trading community
Mumbai, under the active guidance of his father.
Prem slowly but steadily raised the business size, status and reputation of
his firm - BBMC.
By the end of 1960s, BBMC had emerged as one of the top importers and stockists
of all types of ball, roller, taper roller bearings and accessories in India
and also Agents for FAG – West Germany, RHP – UK and all-India Sole
Selling Agents of Asahi transmission Ball Bearings and Rod End Bearings
manufactured by the famous
Japanese manufacturers Asahi
Seiko Co. Ltd.
by side, Prem also devoted his time and talent to increase the business
expansion and opportunities of the Indian Ball Bearing trade and also his
business status and reputation.
was Prem who was responsible in ridding the Nagdevi
Business Zone, the premier trading center in Mumbai, especially of hardware
and engineering goods of the continued labour
unions of his business zone was posing a big threat to the trading
community of this area. Prem’s
courage and tact coupled with his single-minded effort to put an end to the
“irresponsible” attitude of the labour unions
of the Nagdevi Business zone brought peace and
orderly business conditions. He
was able to tame the labour unions of the Area
without being unsympathetic to their genuine grievances and demands.
then, Prem was entrusted with positions and responsibilities not only by the
ball bearing trade but other segments of the hard ware and engineering trade.
He served as Hon. Regional Secretary of The All India Ball Bearing
Merchants’ Association (AIBBMA) for two consecutive terms (1978-1982) before
he was elected as its Hon. General Secretary which office he
held until 1996 when he became its Vice-President and later as President in
1998. After the two-year term, he
vacated the office in the year 2002, but was again elected in 2004 for a
two-year term (2004-2006). Incidentally
Prem’s father, Seth Suryaprakash
Harchandrai was one of the founders of the AIBBMA and its President for the
stewardship of the AIBBMA was noted for striking an unprecedented improvement
in the business conditions and also fortunes of the Indian Ball Bearing
distribution business while the AIBBMA’s
membership and resource position grew steadily. AIBBMA is today regarded as
the national representative of India’s
Ball Bearing Trade and is treated with utmost respect and consideration by all
the Authorities and by the Ball Bearing Industry.
Considering the fact that Prem has given the Ball Bearing Trade his
life’s best, and his
voice and suggestions are listened to by everyone,
including the Authorities, it
was for the Ball Bearing Trade that it showed concern to ensure that the trade
had the total involvement and commitment of Prem.
Here, the trade had to be selfish in relying on him.
It, therefore, needs no emphasis that the Association could ill afford
to lose the services of a team and also a person like Prem who are dedicated
and committed, and delivered results for the Association and to the Ball
was also invited to serve the trade associations of other segments of the
hardware and engineering associations. He
was the President of The Engineering & Industrial Store
Merchants’ Association, Chairman of The Nagdevi
Action Committee, Vice-President of The Federation of Associations of Maharashtra.
Of Prem, it could be said that over the quarter of a century, he had
been in the forefront of every cause and movement that had been initiated to
safeguard and promote the business interest, not only of the Ball Bearing
Trade, but also of the Nagdevi Business Community.
He devoted a good part of his energy and time for the betterment
of the trade. His dedication,
hard work and total involvement, and his readiness to listen with respect to
the views and suggestions of his colleagues in the respective Committees, and
also others, had won him everyone’s trust, confidence and acceptability.
recognition of his excellence in any field of activities of the trade he was
bestowed with the Award of “Vyapar Seva
Puraskar” for Mumbai District at a function held
at Sangli by the Business Weekly.
He was also honoured with the title of “Karamyogi
Shreeman” by the Karnataka Ball Bearing Trade.
Because of all these and more, he was appointed as Special Executive
Magistrate for eight years at a stretch by the government of
Prem also became the President of one of the most prestigious clubs on
Presidency Radio Club Ltd.
to Kaajal who belongs to a distinguished Sindhi
family in England, Prem has two sons –
Susheel and Daleep, daughters-in-law Chandni
and Baani, grand sons Shaanil
and Nirvan, grand daughters Shinain
and Drishti. Both Shaanil
and Shinain have blue eyes like Prem.
is actively associated with various religious and cultural bodies.
While remaining active and dedicated to the cause of the trading
community. Of him, it could be said without any exaggeration that he
spontaneously involves himself in any worthwhile cause and gives his very best
without being burdened by consideration of cast, creed, religion or any narrow
feelings and prejudice. To him
only the cause which helped a larger section of the society mattered.
Contributed by Prem Harchandrai
BHAVNANI: - DIWAN BHAVANDAS.
Nukh: - Manchanda.
There are families with the same Nukh living in Punjab.
Bhavnanis are Arorvanshi.
They hail from Aror (Alwar) district Rohiri. At the time of
Arab invasion they moved to Punjab and returned during the Kalhora regime.
Mr. Adyomal Shawani, a Khatri by caste, domicile of Village
Seetpur (Punjab), separated from his father and came to Sind and took employment
with Miya Adam Shah Kalhori.
Miya Adam Shah sent Mr. Adyomal to Shikarpur on an errand
and there he stayed with a wealthy businessman. The businessman fell for Mr.
Adyomal and got his daughter married to him.
Mr. Adyomal had two sons, Mr. Choithram and Mr. Sakharmal.
Descendants of Mr. Sakharmal: - Jagtianis of Hyderabad and
Ajwanis of Kherpur.
Descendants of Mr. Choithram: - Mr. Choithram had two sons:
- Mr. Sabalmal or Sabaldas and Mr. Khatumal.
Mr. Khatumal had two sons: - Mr. Belomal and Mr. Bhavandas.
Descendants of Mr. Belomal: - Gidwanis of Hyderabad.
Descendants of Mr. Bhavandas: - Bhavnanis.
Ajwani, Bhavnani, Jagtiani and Gidwani are of one
From the roots of Diwan Sabaldas Choithram: - Diwan
Sabhachand Sajandas’ son Diwan Amalrai.
Diwan Amalrai had no son and therefore he adopted his
grandson (daughter’s son) Diwan Sangatrai Harjasrai Advani.
Diwan Bhavandas, Diwan Detaram, Diwan Vishindas and others
are called Bhavnani.
Diwan Sabhachand had brother named Diwan Sajansingh. His
children are from the root of Diwan Mojsingh Jethmal.
Diwan Mojsingh had four sons: - Diwan Murjmal and Diwan
Jechandas were Advocates. The other two sons Mr. Atmaram and Mr. Odhermal were
businessmen having business at Colombo, Ceylon (Sri Lanka).
The following information has been contributed by Mr.
Narain (Nari) Tahilram Bhavnani: -
“Mr. Atmaram, son of Diwan Mojsingh and Mr. Odermal
closed down their own business in Colombo in 1929/1930 and returned to Hyderabad.
Mr. Odermal passed away in Hyderabad in the late 1920s.
Mr. Odermal had one son Gobind (Gopi) and three daughters
who migrated to India in 1947. Gobind (Gopi) settled down in Pune where he
passed away. He had no children.
Mr. Atmaram passed away in Hyderabad in 1945. He had four
sons and three daughters.
Radhi his daughter married Thakurdas Thadhani who was a
leading advocate in Karachi. They had three sons and two daughters. Radhi passed
away in Karachi in the 1920s.
Diwan Thakurdas Thadani’s eldest son Pamo also practiced
law in Karachi with his father and was unmarried. His second son Bhagwan was
also unmarried and passed away in Bombay in the late 70s/early 80s.
The last son Ram married but had no children He passed away
in Bombay in late 1980s. Both Mr. Thakurdas and his son Pamo continued to
practice law in Karachi after partition. They migrated to India in 1970s. Mr.
Thakurdas and his son Pamo passed away in Bombay. The daughters Devi and
Bhagwanti who were married in the Jethmalani and Gidwani families passed away in
Bombay in 1970s and 2001 respectively.
The second daughter of Mr. Atmaram, Sita married Mr.
Hiranand Parmanand Kirpalani who was working in Customs and Excise Department.
They had two daughters - Kamla who married Ram Advani who was a professor in
Navsari and Gulu who married Ram Gidwani. Both daughters passed away in early
1990s. Sita passed away in Hyderabad in late 1920s.
The third daughter Parpati married Kalachand Ramchandani
who worked in Railways. They had two daughters Mohini and Padma. They married in
Advani and Tolani families. Kalachand passed away in New Delhi in 1978 and
Parpati also passed away in New Delhi in 1980.
Mr. Atmaram’s eldest son was Tahilram. The other sons
were Mangharam, Harumal and Motiram. Mr. Tahilram was Civil Engineer and had two
sons and four daughters. He passed away in Hyderabad in 1931. The daughters were
married in Mansukhani, Mirchandani, Advani and Bhavanani families.
His eldest son Gobind was an Engineer and a business- man.
He passed away in Bombay in 1974. He had one son and one daughter. The son
Suresh is also an Engineer and has a son Ritesh and daughter Ashita. Sadhna the
daughter of late Gobind married an Air Force Officer Tony Garg. Mr. Tahilram’s
second son Narain (Nari) became General Manager of Bank of India in Bombay and
married in the Shivdasani family. His two daughters Anjali and Nandita both are
married into Gujarati families.
Mangharam had four sons and two daughters and had settled
down in New Delhi. He passed away in the early 1960’s. Harumal had eight sons
and six daughters. He had settled down in Bombay and his sons went overseas to
earn their living. He passed away in Bombay in 1976. Motiram had settled down in
Hyderabad (AP) He had one son and a daughter. He passed away in late
Diwan Jechnandrai Mojsingh was born on Sept. 12 1864. He
passed Matriculation (O level) in the year 1882 and taught as a teacher at Nav
Shari Firoz for couple of years. Later he passed LL.B. in 1890 and practiced
Law. In 1895 he was appointed first as Asst. Public Prosecutor at Hyderabad and
later as Public Prosecutor.
In 1914, Diwan Jechnandrai Mojsingh became Public
Prosecutor of Nawabshah that had separated from Hyderabad District and retired
in the year 1927. He expired on Aug. 24 1930.
Diwan Jechnandrai Mojsingh was from the year 1915 till his
death, Legal Advisor to Hyderabad Municipality. He was an expert in Civil Law
and in cross-examination. He was, on Jan. 1st 1931, awarded title of ‘Rai
Bahadur’ posthumously. The Govt. Gazette that carried the announcement had
Black Border around it.
Diwan Jechnandrai Mojsingh’s four sons: - M/s. Bherumal,
Dharamdas, Shewakram and Gobindram (Gopi).
Diwan Gobindram Jechnandrai was born on Sept. 3 1903. After
passing BA in 1924 he left for England to do his LL.B. at Belfast University and
passed out in 1925. He joined Govt. owned Western Railways at London and
returned to India in 1927 to join his father’s legal practice.
Diwan Gobindram became Sub. Judge in 1933 and was promoted
to First Class Sub. Judge and Asst. Session Judge in 1940. Between Jan. 1944 to
1946 (the date this journal was printed in Sindhi), he was further elevated to
the post of Hyderabad’s Asst. Judge and Additional Session Judge.
Diwan Gobindram’s second marriage took place in Oct.
1944. He married Rukmanibai, daughter of Dr. Jairamdas Khatanmal Kirpalani.
Rukmanibai had passed her MA. & B.Sc. at Indore.
Diwan Gobindram’s close cousins: Diwan Topanmal
From Diwan Sabhachand Sajandas’ roots: - Diwan Sakhanand.
His son Diwan Mulchand was known as ‘Bhai Mulchand Giani’.
Diwan Mulchand was a writer with the Mirs and had married
from Noshahri Firoz. One fine day he relinquished all the worldly comforts and
became a Sadhu. A visiting Sadhu, who was staying at the Cremation ground,
taught him Sanskrit and Brahm Vidya. Diwan Mulchand thus gained his Gyan and was
called Gyani or Giani.
Bhai Mulchand constructed a ‘Kutya’ (Hut) that was
called ‘Davaro’. The Kutya was located at ‘Ado Belo’, near Munshi
Valiram Advani’s garden, at the foot of Advani Ghitti Chari, behind the
present Roman Catholic Church. At this Kutya, Bhai Mulchand conducted discourses
on Guru Granth Sahib and other holy books and bhajans.
The Amils at that time were not inclined to Sanskrit. Bhai
Mulchand influenced them in to it. Munshi Awatrai Malkani, Rajarshi Dayaram’s
father Munshi Gidumal and others including some Brahmins learnt Sanskrit form
him. Some needy and poor who went to him to learn were given dole and also free
Bhai Mulchand had his own gardens at Phulayli. He spent the
entire income and his savings on charity. Bhai Dalpatram Sufi and others daily
visited him. Shikarpur’s ‘Bao’ Shanker Bharti, Bhai Alooram of Tando Jaam
and Bhai Ramchand of ‘Gosain Ghitti’ Hyderabad became his followers.
Bhai Mulchand was born around the year 1799 and expired at
the age of seventy. His shrine was constructed at Hyderabad’s cemetery. The
place where his ‘Davaro’ was constructed had to give way for Hyderabad’s
growth and a street bearing his name now stand there.
Diwan Suratsingh Sakhanand, brother of Bhai Mulchand Giani’,
was a Fozdar (Police Inspector). He stayed towards Seray Ghat. The street was
named after him and commonly referred to as ‘Fozdarwari Ghitti. The Author
Diwan Bherumal M. Advani also lived in the same street.
Diwan Daulatram son of Diwan Surat Sakhanand was Public
Prosecutor at Shikarpur. He had four sons, Chandiram, Dialmal, Gopaldas and
Diwan Chandiram’s sons: - Diwan Hassomal and others.
Diwan Dialmal, the second son. He was born on Nov. 1 1873
at Hyderabad. His father Diwan Suratsingh stayed at Shikarpur. Diwan
Dialmal passed his Matric (O level) in the year 1889 and passed BA in the year
1892 from College at Karachi.
Diwan Dialmal joined ‘Law School’ at Bombay in the year
1893 and passed out doing his LL.B. in the year 1895. Diwan Dialmal started his
practice at Shikarpur in the year 1896 and became Sub. Judge at Jacobabad in the
year 1901 and retired as District and Session Judge in the year 1928.
Diwan Dialmal was a keen sportsman. He was President of
Sakhar’s Narsayomal Club, Secretary of Dialdas Club at Hyderabad, President of
Scouts Association and for a while Scout Commissioner. In 1925, he was Secretary
of Hyderabad Provincial Conference. Diwan Dialmal was a member of the Sind
deputation that met Siemen Commission. He was against separation of Sind. At
‘Unity Conference’ held at Allahbad in 1931, he on behalf of Sind Provincial
Hindu Sabha, opposed separation of Sind and explained Sabha’s view points.
Diwan Dialmal attended ‘Sind
Punjab Conference’ held at Lahore representing Hindu Sindhi’s but protected
the interest of Sind as whole. During the drought at Thhar he was Chairman of
Relief Committee, caring for both Hindus and Muslims. In 1929, came the floods
and again Diwan Dialmal went to rescue. During 1930 riots, he went to Rohiri
Division to sympathies and help the Hindus.
Diwan Dialmal played an active
role in the Municipal affairs. From 1930 to 1932 he was Municipal Consular
Shikarpur and member of Sakhar District School Board. He was also Life member of
Hyderabad Educational Society and Director of the Board.
Diwan Dialmal was President of
Khudabadi Amil Co-operative Agricultural Association. In the year 1937 he was
elected member of the Sind Legislative Assembly representing Zamindars and
Jagirdars and was a minister for a while. He was responsible for formation of a
Commission to look it to flow of Sindhu’s water to Sind that was diverted by
Punjab for its own use. Diwan Dialmal advocated for construction of two
barrages, one in upper Sind and other in lower Sind.
Diwan Dialmal had one son: - Mr.
Gobindram, born on Dec. 11 1898. He was a Zamindar and Justice of Peace. From
1925 to 1931, he was a municipal counselor at Hyderabad and took interest in the
politics. Mr. Gobindram spent most of his time at his farms at Jacobabad.
Diwan Dialmal’s brother: - Mr.
Gopaldas BA, LL.B. Deputy Superintendent Police who retired in 1946.
It is to be noted that the above
mentioned are not the descendants of Diwan Bhavandas but they are descendants of
Diwan Sabalmal or Sabaldas, uncle of Diwan Bhavandas.
In part 2 of ‘Sind Jee Tareekh’
written by Shmas Alalma Mirza Q-ya-nya Beg, Diwan Daulatram and others are named
as Sablani or Chhablani but they choose to call themselves Bhavnani. The
Chhablani’s of Hyderabad are different and not connected with them or any
Diwan Bhavandas had five sons: -
M/s. Motiram, Sajansingh, Gulabrai, Tansukhdas and Tonarsingh.
Diwan Sajansingh prospered more
compared to his brothers. He had two sons: M/s. Majlasrai and Gujsingh.
Diwan Majlasingh’s sons: M/s.
Bolsingh, Menghraj, Uttamchand and Jethmal.
Diwan Bolsingh had two sons:
M/s. Ramsingh and Tahalsingh.
Diwan Ramsingh’s elder, Diwan
was Tolaram Sachanand Advocate who constructed Hyderabad’s first pakka (solid)
Diwan Tahalsingh, brother of
Diwan Ramsingh had one son: Diwan Karamsingh. Diwan Karamsingh had three sons:
M/s. Chandiram, Pohumal and Varomal.
Diwan Varomal Karamsingh was
born at Hyderabad around 1776-1977. He was a contractor and together with his
elder brother Diwan Chandiram, bid and catered for Govt., Military, Railway and
Irrigation tenders. In 1946, he was seventy years old.
Diwan Pohumal was a Police Sub.
Inspector and expired in 1937.
Diwan Chandiram’s one son Mr.
Rijhumal was an advocate practicing at Hyderabad and the others son Mr. Hiranand
was doing business at or around Srinagar.
Diwan Varomal’s eldest son Mr.
Dialmal (born 1899) was employed with M/s Forbes Co. at Karachi.
Mr. Mulchand, (born Oct. 1904)
the other son of Diwan Varomal, had done his B.Sc. and was commercial officer
with East India Railways.
Mr. Shivaram, (born Oct. 7 1908)
the third son of Diwan Varomal, had also done his B.Sc. and was Share and Stock
Broker at Karachi having his own office under the name of ‘Bhavnani &
Co.’ His wife Mrs. Parvatibai BA. was the daughter of Diwan Ghanshamdas
Diwan Varomal had six daughters,
all married. One of the daughters Kumari Tilibai was a graduate having passed
B.Sc. and STC. She was Head Mistress of Karachi’s Bherumal Thakurdas Girls
From the same roots: - Diwan Bajasingh, Diwan Lilaram and others.
Food fit for the gods (Parsaad recipes for various festivals)
'The Source of Sindhi Surnames' is a
translation into English, by Mr. Narain Sobhraj Kimatrai from the original
in Sindhi by Mr. Diwan Bherumal Mahirchand