Baisaakhi and The Panj Pyaaras
(Read feedback on this from : Sanjeev)
After, the festivals of the Gudi Padva, the Cheti Chand, Ramnaomi,
commemorating the birth of Shree Ram, the northern Indians herald the harvesting
season known as Baisaakhi.
What many people are probably unaware of, is the fact that, it was on April
13th,the day of the Baisaakhi, that Guru Govinsinghji, the 10th
Guru of the Sikhs, assembled his Sikhs at Anandpur, and constituted the
He called the Sikhs ‘Khalsas’ the pure ones.
It is interesting to learn why and how the title of ‘Singh’ came into
No Sikh prayer is complete without remembering the 5 Pyaaras. Let me tell you
about their bravery. These 5 demonstrated beyond the shadow of a doubt
that they were not afraid of death.
It was a practice for the Gurus to hold annual conferences on Baishaakhi day.
In one such meeting in the year 1699, Guru Gobind Singh asked for 5 volunteers
who would be willing to give their life for a just cause. He took the volunteer
to a nearby tent and returned with a sword dripping with blood. He repeated the
same process with 4 more volunteers, much to the consternation of the
congregation. Then, Guru Gobind Singh surprised the multitude, by returning with
the five volunteers alive and well. These ‘five’ were honored by being
conferred the title of ‘5 Pyaaras’ meaning ‘The 5 loved ones’ He gave
them a new surname ‘Singh’ (Lion) to be connected to their name. Kaur
(Princess) was the suffix to be added to the girls’ names as they grew up.
Guru Nanak was the founder of Sikhism. The followers of Guru Nanak and the 9
succeeding gurus came to be known as ‘Sikhs’
Sikh means those who learned, or followed the teachings of the Great Gurus.
Sikhism appealed to the masses because of its simplicity. Sikhism propagates the
message of Universal Brotherhood. It asks his community members to serve: (Seva),
Share their meals: (Pangat) and Pray together: (Sangat)
The Punjabis will dance the ‘Bhaangra’ to the cry of ‘Jattaa aayee
Baishaakhi’ In the fields, new crops will be sowed.
It is believed that the holy Ganga descended from Heaven on Baishaakhi day.
So most Indians will take a ritual dip in the Ganga or in any river closest to
them. Some will climb the nearest hill, hoping that they scale new heights in
the coming year.
Let us start this coming year, remembering the last Guru of the Sikhs Guru
Govind Singh. He stood for national unity and fearlessness in the face of
adversity. Guru Govind Singh prayed: "…Shubha Karman Te kabahoon na
daroon" (Grant me the boon, that I am never afraid of performing good
So let us pray together for national unity and International Brotherhood and
may God grant us the Will to do everything in our power to uplift the physical,
emotional and/or spiritual state of all, irrespective of caste, creed, race or
Feedback From :
I have some comments on this one, the Baisaki day that Shri Govind Singh
formed khalsa was 31st March and not 13th April as referred by you.
Baisakhi is more an agricultural festival which is celebrated in Bengal too
on the same day and was celebrated long before Khalsa was born on 31/3/1699.
Khalsa being on that day is incidental, in fact the Parkash Badal government
have changed the Sikh calendar to make it distinct from the Hindu one and
increase the Hindu Sikh divide, am not aware of the details but am sure the
change has happened.
Sikh means shishya i.e. student. The name Singh exists all over India long
before Guru Govind Singh gave it to the Sardars.