10.0pt;font-family:"Bookman Old Style"">Lulla.
"Bookman Old Style"">
Arorvanshi and hail from Alor (Rohiri). They migrated to Larkana and Shikarpur.
bearing this Lulla nukh were found at Shikarpur, Larkana, Sakhar, Rohiri,
Kadyari, Hallani, Bhelani, Jalbani, Khanwahan, Ghambhat, Tando Mir Ali, and
Theba Pot Rayasat Kherpur.
Larkana are Bhaibunds and had lived there for over seven generations. They were
engaged in zamindari and trade. Some were Thhekedars (contractors). Mukhi
Motumal Lulla, his son Mukhi Verhomal and his son Mukhi Thaunmal had been Mukhis
for generations. In 1946, Mukhi Thaunmal’s son Seth Chhataram was Mukhi. All
disputes were referred to him, even after Larkana got its Civil Court. People
avoided going to the Court.
the British take over, all the districts of Larkana were part and parcel of
Shikarpur. The British Collectors were trying to develop Larkana and offered
land free of cost to the public. All they were required to do was to make their
claim to the land by burning an oil lamp on it. Larkana honoured their
Collectors by naming the streets and bazaars after them.
Verhomal’s son Mukhi Naraindas was Municipal Councilor of Larkana. He settled
disputes without charging any fee. Mukhi Naraindas was connected with religious
institutions and helped them financially as well. He anonymously gave dole to
the needy widows. Mukhi Naraindas expired in the year 1928 at the age of 65.
Mahirchand, son of Mukhi Naraindas, was an important person in Larkana. He was
the President of ‘Ram Mandali’, and Municipal Councilor for a while. He was
also Chairman of Urban Co-operative Bank.
Naraindas’ sons: Mukhi Mulchand, Mukhi Puransingh and Mukhi Teckchand. Mukhi
Mulchand had expired prior to 1946.
Teckchand, a zamindar, aged 32 in 1946, was a good natured and pleasant man.
Like his father, he helped the needy.
Nukh: - Lund.
at Sakhar, Shikarpur and Larkana.
Chanrai Bachumal Shikarpuri, having the same Nukh, had composed “Sami Ja
Saloks”. Mr. Verhomal Khatanmal Navani, prominent bookseller of Larkana and
others had the same Nukh.
ancestors lived at Ludhiana, and thereafter they moved to Bandal Khund. During
Mugul regime they again shifted to Gujarat and Kathiawar and thereafter to Sind.
LOHANA: - Arorvanshi.
Nukh: - Asarpota, Panditpota, Jobanota,
Popat, Chhug, Thakral, Chhabria, Sejpal, Somaiya, Karya,
Katar (Khatar), Mamotia, and Dhodheja etc.
by name of ‘Anthovan’ had written a book on the 'Races and Casts of Bombay
Presidency'. In the third chapter, page 371 of the book, he has stated that
Lohana’s are descendants of Shree Ramachandra’s son Lava.
Ramayana, it is learnt that after Raja Dashratha, Shree Ramachandra inherited
Ayodhiya. It is stated in Raghu Vansh (15, 87) that Bharat, Shree
Ramachandra’s brother, inherited the Province of Sind. (Sind Desh).
Ramachandra had two sons. Kush and Luva. They were twins but Kush was considered
eldest. After Shree Ramachandra, Kush inherited Ayodhiya. His descendants were
called Vanhans. His brother Luva, inherited the northern part of Koshal, and his
descendants were called Lohana.
Anthovan states that according to the folklore, Lohana are Rathod Rajputs (Khatri).
Raja Jaichand of Kanoj (Kanya Kabaj) tormented them and they could do nothing.
They prayed to their Deity who told them that the following morning they should
walk a mile or two in a certain direction till they reached an Iron Fort.
instructed the Rathods to take refuge in the Fort for sixteen days and leave
thereafter. The Rathods would then be able to defeat their enemy. The Iron Fort
would vanish on the twenty-first day and they were told to then construct a new
Fort at that site. Having taken refuge in the Iron Fort, the Rathods changed
their name to Lohana (Loha = Iron and Na = Of) and named all their Forts
starting with Lo or La viz. Loh Gadah and Lahore. The Lohanas thereafter
migrated to Multan and Sind. In the 13th century, some of them went
Lohanas who lived in Sind, according to Mr. Anthovan, have many Nukhs viz.
Asarpota, Panditpota, Jobanota, Popat, Chhug, Thakral, Chhabria, Sejpal, Somaiya,
Karya, Katar (Khatar) and Mamotia etc. According to the History of Arorvanshi,
persons belonging to above-mentioned Nukhs lived in Punjab as well.
the Arab invasion, the Lohanas lived in Sind and were wealthy. But as a result
of Arab invasion, many Rulers & Kings along with some of their subjects fled
Sind and took refuge in Kutch and Punjab. They are identified in Punjab as ‘Arorvanshi’.
Aror derived from Alwar, and Vanshi meaning hailing from, or resident of.
Hindus who stayed behind were asked by the Arabs to convert to Islam. Many
Sindhi Muslims are descendants of these converts.
In the year
1194, Mohd. Ghori invaded and defeated Kanoj’s Raja Jaichand and murdered
thousands of Hindus. The Lohanas and other Hindus out of fright and fear started
serving the Muslim Masters. The author, Diwan Bherumal M. Advani, in his volume
has opined that this was the start of Muslim domination in Sind.
though Khatri (warriors), thus transformed to Vaishas (traders).
Lohana - Conversion to
Anthovan writes in his volume that ‘Pran Peer Dastgeer’, Peer of Iran,
expired at Baghdad in the year 1165. Pran Peer Dastgeer’s last words to his
son Syed Taj Alluadeen were that he should go and stay in Hindustan and
propagate Islam to its people. It is assumed that some Somras and Samans
converted to Islam then.
generations after Syed Taj Alluadeen's demise, Syed Yusaf Alluadeen Qadri was
born. In the year 1421 he dreamt that he should also go to Hindustan and
enlighten its people by converting them to Islam.
Khan, a Saman, ruled Sind with Thhato as its capital. According to Mr. Anthovan,
the Samans ruled Sind from 1351 to 1521. It is assumed that Murbak Khan was
infact Yaam Raidan (1454) who received and welcomed Syed Yusaf Alluadeen Qadri
as his guest and became his follower.
Seth Maneckji, Mukhi of eighty-four lacs Lohanas, was a trusted friend of Yaam Raidan
or Murkab Khan the ruler. Seeing Yaam Raidan convert to Islam, Seth Maneckji,
with two of his three sons and 700 Lohanas became followers of Syed Yusaf
Alluadeen Qadri and converted to Islam.
Maneckji’s son Raoji’s name was changed to Ahmed. Raoji’s two sons,
Sunderji and Hansraj, were named Adam and Taj Mohammed.
Hindus earlier had Kutchi names. It is during Miya Noor Mohd.’s reign that the
present form of Hindu names came into being.
Lohanas were called Mota. After conversion to Islam, they, along with other
Lohanas were called Memon. Memon meaning Moman. Moman, meaning Preacher of Iman,
Those Lohanas, who choose not to convert, prayed to God Dariya Shah. (God of the
Murkh Shah of Thhato had tried to convert Hindus forcefully when Shree Amar
Uderolal Sahib appeared in person and stopped the conversion. This time too
Varan Devtha (Varan = Vayu = Wind) came to their rescue.
to Mr. Anthovan, Those Lohanas of Thhato, who had converted to Islam too and
become Memons were invited by Jarejho Roa Khanghar, ruler of Bhuj (1548-1584) to
settle in Bhuj. It is from there that Katchi Memons migrated to Kathiawar and
Gujarat. Surat in Gujarat was an
important trading center during 1580 to 1680 and Memons made their bounty there.
Later, the Memons reached Bombay.
Bherumal M. Advani writes that all the Memons of Bombay, Gujarat and Kutch are
Lohanas from Sind. (A volume written by Mr. Anthovan, part 2, pages 52 and 53.)
MAKHIJA - MAKHIJANI: -
Nukh: - Makhija.
are Arorvanshi. Having left Sind they returned from Multan at different times
and settled in Sind at Laar, Navsheri Firoz and other towns.
from Larkana, Murjanis from Kherpur State, Mirchandanis of Hyderabad, all have
the same Nukh.
Bhaibunds in Hyderabad also had Makhija as their Nukh viz. Mr. Bhagwandas
Lalchand, the Bookseller.
some Makhijas who wrongly call themselves Makhijani. This, Diwan Bherumal M.
Advani writes is wrong. Ani and Ja, both words have the same meaning. Therefore
Ani is a repetition.
There are two Malkani surnames originating from
MALKANI: - Mr.
Nukh: - Rora.
of Mr. Raichand Malkani: Mr. Jashanmal Mulchand Mukhtiarkar and Mr. Kundanmal
Kundanmal Post Master’s sons: M/s. Jhamatmal, Pahlajrai, Hashmatrai and
Atarsingh and others.
Diwan Bherumal M. Advani was unable to obtain more information on the above
MALKANI: - Diwan
Dar – ri.
of Hyderabad, Sahiti’s Hingorani, Takhtani, Kirtani, Ramrakhani, and Balwani
have the same Nukh.
mentioned Malkanis migrated from Jaisalmer and settled in Sahiti district. Later
some Ramchandani and Malkanis moved to Hyderabad and stayed in the same street
that was later called Malkani Ghitti. It is assumed that the Chandiramanis and
Jhangianis also came to Hyderabad around the same time, as they stayed near
Malkani Ghitti i.e. Chandiramani Ghitti.
Ancestor of ‘Dar – ri’ nukh was Diwan Malkmal. Diwan Malkmal’s son Diwan
Adomal had four sons: M/s. Gopaldas, Gidumal, Sabhachand and Seomal.
to their Shijro (family tree), Diwan Gopaldas had two sons: Diwan Mohandas and
Diwan Mulchand. Diwan Mohandas had one son: Diwan Sahibrai, who was an adopted
Sahibrai was actually son of Diwan Nansingh Ramchand, forefather of the
Nansingh’s wife was a Malkani and Diwan Sahibrai was adopted by his Nano
(maternal grandfather) Diwan Mohandas. Hence Diwan Sahibrai’s children are
known as Malkanis.
Sahibrai knew Persian (Farsi) and was a renowned poet. At all the functions held
by the Mirs, he phrased and recited an appropriate poem and won their hearts.
Mirs rewarded him with gifts and awards.
Sahibrai’s son Munshi Awatrai Malkani was Mir Subedar Khan’s Revenue
Minster. His portfolio was equivalent to that of an exchequer.
of the Mirs was stored in the Treasury (strong room) that was located inside
In the year
1843, when Sir Charles Nepier conquered Sind, he wanted to take possession of
and confiscate Mir’s wealth. The keys of the Treasury’s strong room were
with Munshi Awatrai Malkani.
went to Malkani Ghitti and demanded the keys from Munshi Awatrai. Munshi Awatrai refused to part with the keys until and unless he received
a directive from Mir Subedar Khan in person.
Awatrai Malkani was an honest and God fearing man. The Mir trusted him to the
extent that he was permitted to enter Mir’s private chambers unannounced. Sir
Charles was aware of this.
arrested the Mirs and put them under detention in a Bungalow at Gidu Bunder.
Their families were confined to the four walls of the private chamber in the
Fort. The assignment of transporting Mir’s family, first to Gidu Bunder
Bungalow and later to Calcutta was entrusted to Munshi Awatrai Malkani.
Loyal as he
was, Munshi Awatrai managed to smuggle out jewels and valuables in sixteen
palanquins that carried Mir's Begums and courtesan from the Fort to Gidu Bunder
Bungalow. All the palanquins reached their destination (Gidu Bunder Bungalow)
seventeenth palanquin contained only the jewels and valuables. Unfortunately for
the Mir, a gust of strong wind blew the cloth cover off the palanquin and
displayed the wealth. Sir Charles confiscated the palanquin. A British lady was
then sent in to the private chambers of the Fort to escort the remaining ladies
out and transferred them to the Gidu Bunder Bungalow.
Nepier, angered by Munshi Awatrai’s act, arrested him and threatened to shoot
him lest the Munshi serve under him for a year to brief the British of the local
affairs. Sir Nepier offered him a pension of rupees eight hundred a month, but
Munshi Awatrai rejected it saying it was not possible for him to serve two
masters at the same time. Later, at the recommendation of the Mir, he was
granted Political Pension.
battle that took place between the Mirs and British, some residents fled from
Hyderabad as they apprehended that with the arrest of Mirs, the city might be
Charles entered Malkani Ghitti to collect the keys of Treasury from Munshi
Awatrai, many residents of Malkani and Ramchandani Ghitti feared that British
soldiers might force their entry into their houses and seduce their ladies.
Munshi Awatrai ordered all the females to be locked in the rooms and men to
stand guard armed with swords. The men where instructed that in the remote
eventuality, all the females were to be killed by their own men rather then
succumb to the British forces. Seeing the tense situation, Sir Charles ordered
his soldiers not to enter the street. All ended well.
Awatrai Malkani and Diwan Shokiram Nandiram Advani were Mukhis of Hyderabad for
quite some time.
Awatrai had two sons: Diwan Chetanram and Diwan Gobindbux.
Chetanram and his son Diwan Naraindas were Advocates.
Gobindbux was born in the year 1850. The standard of education in those days was
very high. Not every one could appear for Matric (O level) exam in those days,
but despite the difficulties Diwan Gobindbux passed his Matric (O level). A
graduate of 1946 was no match to those who had passed their Matric (O level).
Gobindbux was fluent in English, Sindhi, Urdu, Persian and Pishtu. After passing
Matric (O level) he was Head Master of Anglo Vernacular School at Kotri.
and prominent Advocate Khan Bahadur Miya Hussein Ali took lessons in English
from Diwan Gobindbux.
prospects in teaching profession, Diwan Gobindbux did his LL.B. (law) and
practiced at Sakhar.
Gobindbux was a successful Advocate. Ten to twelve years of practice earned him
five lacs of rupees. Hailing from a well to do family Diwan Gobindbux maintained
his standard of living.
Gobindbux's father Munshi Awatrai was a kindhearted man. Towards the later part
of his life he became vegetarian. Many saints called on him. The poor and the
needy were never turned away.
Awatrai wrote letters to his son instructing him to pay a certain sum to holder
of the note towards charity and also wrote Hundis (promissory notes) to be
honoured by his son. These letters and Hundis amounted to over Rupees One
thousand a month. Diwan Gobindbux happily honored the notes and the Hundis with
out blinking an eye.
Gobindbux’s motto was “Pokh kano, thi ay ghano”. Plant a seed and thou
shall heap a harvest. Despite the expense, Diwan left behind wealth worth more
then rupees five lacs.
Gobindbux was also patriotic. In 1885 when Indian National Congress was formed,
Diwan Gobindbux was on its working committee and participated in all its yearly
functions. In the year 1885-1886, Sadhu Hiranand, on behalf of Sind Sabha,
attended the Congress meeting, but it was Diwan Gobindbux who was the first
Sindhi to be placed on the working committee. His name was known nationally.
Gobindbux expired in 1892 at the age of 42 years.
Gobindbux had one son named Mr. Lokumal who was born on June 24th
1880. He passed Matric (O level) in the year 1897. Being born in a wealthy
family, the need to work for a living did not arise.
Gobindbux had left behind properties at Sakhar that earned substantial rental
income. His Farms near Shikarpur also produced good income. Mr. Lokumal
therefore had a comfortable life. He was fond of Cricket and Tennis and played
the games as well. Mr. Lokumal had only one daughter.
years Mr. Lokumal was member of the District Local Board and Honorary
Magistrate. He was also, for thirty-seven years, member of the Hyderabad
Municipal Corporation. His group in the Corporation was in majority and he was
called KingMaker. Mr. Lokumal was asked to preside as President of District
Local Board and Municipal Corp., but he declined the offer.
had good taste and admired beautiful things in life. His collection consisted of
Quran Shariff, Holy Bible, and Shrimat Bhagwat Geeta etc. He had spent over
sixty thousand Rupees towards his collection and in 1946 the collection was
worth over rupees three lacs.
had personal relationship with the Chief Minster of Sind, Sir Gulam Hussein
Hidayatullah and other VIP’s. Sir
Hugh Dow succeeded Governor Sir Lancet Graham. He had learnt of the wide
collection of curios, antiques and ancient artifact that Mr. Lokumal had
collected, and on Nov. 26th 1944 he called on Mr. Lokumal at his
residence to see the same.
the Governor were Commissioner Mr. Lombard, Hyderabad’s Collector Sardar
Bahadur Mohammed Bux, Mukhi Gobindram Pritamdas Saghrani and other dignitaries.
After viewing Mr. Lokumal’s collection, they had a group photograph taken.
and the Governor Sir Dow became very intimate. The Governor, for the sake of
remembrance, sent Mr. Lokumal a photograph of himself and Lady Dow in a silver
Dow, in June 1946 visited Patna and saw the priceless collection of books in the
Library. On June 21st 1946, Sir Hugh Dow, from Ranchi, wrote to Mr.
Lokumal about it, asking him to visit Patna and see the collection for himself.
Mr. Lokumal had similar rapport with other officials as well, and they
corresponded with each other.
enjoyed a good respect in the community and extended help to those in need.
Diwan Gidumal, son of Diwan Adomal had one son: Diwan Mulchand who sired two sons:
Diwan Har Rai and Diwan Mayaram.
Har Rai’s roots: Diwan Shokisingh Pribhdas, son of Diwan Alimchand Har Rai.
Mayaram’s roots his son Diwan Kishinchand and grandson Diwan Shewakram
Shewakram Kishinchand was born in 1848. He was Mukhtiarkar and Hyderabad’s
first City Magistrate. To acquire land for laying tracks for Hyderabad –
Badeen railway line, Sind Government appointed him as ‘Land Acquisition
Shewakram was given various appointments from time to time. He was respected and
held in high esteem. He maintained his dignity and tolerated no nonsense.
However, he had a soft corner for the poor and needy. He heard them patiently
and extended help.
Shewakram was a man of good taste and had a high standard of living. He was fond
of Shikar (hunting) and music. Mahfils (parties/concerts) was a daily affair at
Shewakram expired in 1908 at the age of 60 years.
Shewakram’s wife Shrimati Jethibai was born in the year 1847. She was one year
elder to him. Both Hindus and Muslims did not believe in educating their
daughters. Only in extreme cases, the girls were taught Gurmukhi so that they
could read Japjipuri (Jap Sahib) and Guru Granth Sahib and to read and write
letters to their parents.
instance is that of Shrimati Puribai, mother of Mr. Parmanand Mewaram, editor of
‘Jote’ newspaper and compiler of Sindhi – English and English – Sindhi
Dictionary. Shrimati Puribai was sister of Shrimati Jethibai. Both these ladies
although not graduates, were very powerful in speaking Sindhi language. Their
sentences would rhyme like poetry. Mr. Parmanand learnt Sindhi from his mother
and Masi Shrimati Jethibai.
Bherumal M. Advani confesses that even he learnt his Sindhi rhymes from Mr.
Parmanand. Shrimati Jethibai expired in the year 1923. She was 75 years old.
Shewakram’s son Diwan Udharam was born in the year 1869. He passed his Matric
(O level) and joined Medical College. But due to ill health he had to quit. He
had good command over English and spoke it well. He joined service for a while
but quit as his father bought him farm that he cultivated (zamindari) by
adapting modern methods that improved the crop yield. A portion of the farm he
had reserved for gardening where he grew various fruits and flowers.
father, Diwan Udharam was a man of good taste and had a high standard of living.
He did not indulge in gossip. He had adapted western standards of living and was
fond of shikar (hunting). He led a quiet life and in the year 1928 he expired at
the age of 68.
Udharam had three sons:
Manghram Udharam (M.U.) Malkani, who in 1946 was Professor of English at
Karachi’s Sind College and had written a few plays in Sindhi.
Mr. Alimchand, the second son was with his father at the farm.
son, Mr. Motiram was a zamindar and had taken over the reigns from his father
Shewakram’s second son: Dr. Khemchand was born in the year 1879. He was
Registered Medical Practitioner from Bombay University and Hyderabad’s
foremost Eye Specialist.
Dr. Khemchand, besides being a zamindar, ran a Charitable Eye Hospital since 1903.
The hospital had sleep-in facilities and was functioning in 1946.
Khemchand’s son Dr. Daulatram practiced with his father in 1939-1940.
Shewakram had two daughters. The youngest daughter Shrimati Dhanibai was
educated and fluent in English. She married Mr. Bulchand Wadhumal Gidwani B. A.
LL.B., and had three sons: M/s. Parmanand, Hiranand and Motiram.
Hiranand was Medical Officer with Karachi Port Trust serving at Manhori. Mr.
Motiram was a Film Director at Lahore.
Shewakram’s eldest daughter Kumari Chaturbai was live in the year 1946. In
childhood she suffered an eye infection that left her eyesight impaired.
Hiranand was a widely traveled man and was very near and dear to Diwan Udharam
and Diwan Shewakram. He, Sadhu Hiranand was well traveled and was aware of the
existence of Braille script for the blind. Sadhu Hiranand in order to teach Braille to Kumari Chaturbai first learnt
the script himself and then taught her. This enabled Kumari Chaturbai to learn
Hiranand’s demise, Kumari Chaturbai learnt to read Sanskrit in Braille, and
wrote many books in Sindhi, Sanskrit and English in Braille and had her own
library. She was in the year 1946 around 75 years of age.
Khemchand Shewakram had five sons:
son Mr. Tolaram passed his B.Sc. (Technology) from Manchester University and in
1946 was an electrical engineer at Bradford England.
Khemchand's second son Mr. Jaikrishin and fourth son Mr. Parsram were zamindars.
Khemchand’s fifth son Gul was a minor in 1946 and his third son was Dr.
Daulatram was an eye specialist and practiced with him.
Khemchand’s second son Mr. Jaikrishin zamindar got married to Shrimati Lila,
daughter of Diwan Hassomal Wilayatrai Thadani who was a zamindar. Shrimati Lila
was a pious lady and a devotee of Guru Nanak.
1st 1944 Shrimati Lila accompanied by her sister went to Karachi to
participate in the celebrations of Guru Nanak’s birthday at Gur Mandir located
on Bunder Road Extension when she suddenly fell ill and had to be admitted in
Lady Dafron Hospital. Shrimati
Lila’s sister went to Gur Mandir and while reading the Guru Granth Sahib, she
came across the following Gur wani:
Jiske Sir Uooper Toon, Swami, So Dukh Kaysa Paway”. Meaning:
who stands guard over, O Lord, – How can he/she suffer.
return to hospital, just as she was about to recite the Gur Wani to her sister,
Shrimati Lila narated the same Gur wani (words) and breathed her last breath.
MANGHERMALANI: - Diwan Manghermal.
Nukh: - Dadeja.
are Arorvanshi. See Arorvanshi chapter. They left Aror/Alor district Rohiri, and
migrated to Punjab.
ancestor Diwan Manghermal, due some misunderstanding, separated from his
brothers and returned to Sind. Both he and his son Diwan Metharam worked for the
Mirs and served their masters diligently and had won their confidence. Later
Diwan Manghermal was deputed to Afghanistan as Mirs’ emissary.
forces defeated Mirs and conquered Sind. Some well wishers of the Mirs went to
London to plead for handing back Sind to Mirs. One amongst them was Diwan
Metharam. After receiving empty assurances, they returned to Sind and found that
all that was coming forth from the British for the Mirs was a Political Pension.
It was only Mir Ali Murad Khan who received Kherpur State to rule. Shortly
thereafter, Diwan Manghermal expired.
Manghermal’s death, no one from their family held any important post in the
Government. The Manghermalanis then opted for education and sought alternate
vocations and prospered. In Sind, they lived at Jacobabad.
MIRCHANDANI: - Diwan Mirchand.
Nukh: - Makhija.
Amils and Bhaibunds families having Makhija as Nukh and they hail from Aror (Alwar)
district Rohiri. During the Arab invasion in the year 711, they migrated to
Punjab and returned during the Kalhora reign.
Mirchandani, Kirpalani, Idnani and Vaswanis came to Sind at the same time. Mirchandanis first
stayed at Khudabad near Dadoo that was then the capital of Sind and ruled by
Miya Noor Mohd. Kalhora. In the year 1759, the Khosas (a caste amongst the
Muslims) burnt Khudabad that led to some Mirchandanis fleeing to Saywan, where
they lived till the partition of India (1947).
to Hyderabad by Amils, Mirchandanis, Kirpalanis and Bhaibunds began during Mir
Fatehali Khan’s reign. Bhaibunds took possession of vacant plots of land from
Qilo to Chhotki Ghitti. Mirchandanis and Kirpalanis occupied area around the
Tomb of Sarwar. Others who followed opted for plots towards Seray Ghat. This
resulted in Mirchandanis and Kirpalanis residing in the center of the city.
Prior to the arrival of Mirchandanis, fishmongers lived in the Mirchandani
Ghitti. Hence the Ghitti was referred to as ‘Purano Machhi Hatt’.
along with many Amils and Bhaibunds migrated to Sind from Punjab and are Guru
Nanak’s Sikhs (disciples) in addition to being Hindu.
street arrangements were made to install a Tikano (Gurdwara) with a Bawa (Bao-Granthi-Pujari-
Pathi) and one Brahmin. Mirchandani Gurdwara was located in Mirchandani Ghitti.
This Gurdwara was installed by Guru Pota Baba Bhojchand Vedi during the year
British rule, Diwan Mirchand Murardas’ brother Mr. Mitumal (Mitimal- Mitomal),
son of Diwan Murardas Adomal and his Grandfather’s brother Mr. Hasrajmal’s
family lived near Mirchandani Ghitti.
Adatmal’s son Mr. Murardas had two sons: Mr. Mirchand and Mr. Mitumal. Mr.
Mirchand was the eldest and respected in the community. Mr. Hasrajmal’s
descendants called themselves Mirchandani. Similarly descendants of Mr. Mitumal
also called themselves Mirchandani. Some of them adapted their Nukh
‘Makhija’ as their surname.
shortage of accommodation, some Makhijanis shifted to Diwan Suratsingh Fozdar
Ghitti and Gosain Surajgar wari Ghitti. Later some of them moved to Navabad and
Old Post Office Road.
Hirabad developed and many Mirchandanis shifted there while others went to
Karachi. By 1946 there were only two Mirchandani families living in the
The Mirchandanis, during Mirs reign, were Sazawalkars (Canal Supervisors). When the
British came, they, the Sazawalkars, hid their tools, by which they used to
measure the depth and width of the canals. In the absence of tools, the
Mirchandanis thought that the British would plead with them to return to their
descendants of Mirchandanis were in 1946 Executive and Superintendent
Engineers and held important posts.
to Diwan Bherumal M. Advani, name of the elder (forefather) of Mirchandani is
not known to any one. Mirchandani Shajro (Family Tree) starts with Mr.
Vanjaromal. Diwan Bherumal has stated in his volume that Mr. Vanjaromal was an
Vanjaromal had two sons: Mr. Hasrajmal and Mr. Adatmal.
Adatmal’s son, Mr. Murardas had two sons: Mr. Mitumal and Mr. Mirchand.
Descendants of both these brothers call themselves Mirchandani.
Matimalani and Mirchandani are all off shoots of one family. Details of each
family Diwan Bherumal has given separately.
Mirchandani of Mirchandani
Hasrajmal Vanjaromal’s family (Hasrajmalani), shifted from Mirchandani Ghitti
to Kirpalani Ghitti.
Hasrajmal’s roots: Mr. Rochiram, Mr. Nanikram and Mr. Parumal.
Parumal’s son was Diwan Thawardas who sired Diwan Udharam. Diwan Udharam was
an Assistant Sindhi Translator.
Sindhi script that we use today was created in July 1853. A committee was
appointed to formulate the script and Diwan Udharam was a member of said
committee. Diwan Udharam was
responsible for compiling and publishing books in Sindhi and one of those books
was taught in the first grade of the schools. He also helped in compiling the
first ‘Sindhi Dictionary’.
Udharam had three sons: Diwan Ramchand who was a Police Inspector. The other son
Mr. Motiram had expired. The third son was Mr. Shamdas.
Udharam’s brother Diwan Vasanmal was a Mukhtiarkar (Revenue Officer). His son
Mr. Dayaram had retired as Head Master in 1946.
Dayaram’s son Mr. B. D. (Bhagchand Dayaram) Mirchandani) had passed his ICS
(Indian Civil Service) and in 1946 he was Sessions Judge.
Udharam’s other brother was Diwan Khushiram whose son Mr. Pohumal was a
of Mirchand’s son Diwan Sajansingh called themselves Raimalani.
six sons. One of the sons was Diwan Ramsingh who sired Munshi Jashansingh and
Daulatsingh married sister of Rai Bahadur Pribhdas Shewakram, founder of Nav
Vidyalaya School. He had one son who expired in infancy.
Jashansingh, the elder brother sired two sons: Mr. Hirasingh who was a Customs
officer and Mr. Gurmukhsingh was an Advocate.
Hirasingh sired Mr. Rewachand, Mr. Hakumatrai and others.
Rewachand was born on 23 Oct 1889. He passed his BA in the year 1909 and taught
in the Nav Vidyalaya from 1910 to 1914. In the year 1912, while teaching at Nav
Vidyalaya, he passed his MA. From July 1914 to Sept. 1922 he was Professor of
1922 Mr. Rewachand joined the Customs Dept. as an Appraiser and was soon
promoted to the rank of Head Appraiser. In April 1945 he was raised to the rank
of Asst. Collector.
In the year
1930, Mr. Rewachand sponsored Karachi Social Service League High School that was
later renamed as Hiranand Nandlal Academy.
Rewachand was an honest and forthright man and urged others to practice the
same. In 1930, to reform the Hindu prisoners lodged in Karachi District Jail,
Sind Government took help from Mr. Rewachand.
Rewachand in the year 1947 was an honorary secretary and trustee of the Nav
Vidhan Mandir located at Mission Road and had held that post since 1931.
Rewachand had five sons. His son Mr. Fatehchand was in the Army in the Viceroy
Commission. Mr. Rewachand’s second son Mr. Sunderdas was born on Jan. 28 1917
and in 1947 he was Deputy Superintendent
of Police. Mr. Rewachand’s other three sons were M/s. Anand, Kirpal (Bevin
Boy) and Vishnu.
Mirchandani of Kirpalani Ghitti.
Mirchand son of Mr. Murardas had four sons: M/s. Kishinchand, Bhawanidas,
Sajansingh and Bakhtchand.
Kishinchand had one son: Mr. Hassomal.
Bhawanidas had two sons: M/s. Assardas and Assumal.
Mr. Assumal was Diwan Anuprai Dayaram. They called themselves ‘Anuprani’.
Anuprai had four sons: (1) Diwan Rijhumal, whose sons: Diwan Rambux Mukhtiarkar
and Diwan Gianchand whose ‘Otaq’ (back room of an office, was a meeting
place where only men were allowed entry) was famous in the city.
Deomal and (3) Diwan Hashmatrai Daftardar (Revenue Officer - Registrar). Diwan
Hashmatrai’s son Dr. Naraindas was a prominent doctor at Karachi.
Assumal’s other grandson: Diwan Bhupatrai Atalrai who sired eight sons and
called themselves “Bhuptani”. Prominent amongst them was Diwan Tanumal
Shewakram retired Superintendent
Shewakram’s brother was Diwan Naraindas Bhupatrai, son of Mr. Atalrai Assumal.
Diwan Naraindas had four sons: 1) M/s. Thirthdas, whose grandson was Master
Verhomal Khemchand, 2) Rewachand, 3) Gurmukhdas, and 4) Thadomal Overseer.
Gurmukhdas Naraindas was born in 1848 and worked as a Surveyor for few years. He
then passed Law and joined Diwan Rochiram Gulrajani Advocate as a partner. Both
dressed alike and wore identical clothes. They worked and spent time together
and were lifetime buddies. Diwan Gurmukhdas practiced both Civil and Criminal
Law. Even hawkers and venders kept away from Mirchandani Ghitti lest it may
annoy him. Diwan Gurmukhdas expired in the years 1900-1901 due to a lung
disease. He was 53 years old.
Gurmukhdas had six sons. The eldest son Mr. Issardas Thhekedar (Contractor) had
expired prior to 1946.
Gurmukhdas’ second son Diwan Dingomal was born in 1880. In 1896, he passed his
Matric (O level) and ranked first in History and English subjects. He won
‘Keshorai’ Prize. Mr. Keshorai was Head Master of the Hyderabad High School.
Diwan Dingomal then, in 1901, passed his BA exam from D. J. Sind College,
Karachi and joined Revenue Dept.
1901 to 1919, Diwan Dingomal rose from the rank of Mukhtiarkar (District
Administrator) to Resident Magistrate of Navsheri Firoz and finally became
Shikarpur’s City Magistrate.
1919, Diwan Dingomal was appointed as Chief Officer of the Hyderabad District
Local Board and held the post till 1928. In 1927 Diwan Dingomal was appointed
Permanent Deputy Collector and retired from that post on March 1st.
to 1938, Diwan Dingomal was President of Sind Hindu Provident Society. In 1937
he was appointed Special First Class Magistrate, a post that he held for two
year. Diwan Dingomal took interest and participated in the religious and social
functions. He was Trustee of Hirabad Gur Sangat and member of working committee
of Khudabadi Amil Panchayat. Diwan Dingomal was also President of Hyderabad
Hindu Sabha and Vice President of Provincial Hindu Sabha.
Chuharmal son of Diwan Dingomal was born in March 1911 and passed his Matric (O
level) in 1927. He did his F.Y.A (First year Arts.) at Hyderabad’s D. J.
National College and Inter Arts from Karachi’s D.J. Sind College.
Mr. Chuharmal was selected by The Railway Board to under go special first class
apprentice course and was sent at Govt. expense to Jamalpur for training at
Railway’s Mechanical Engineering Depot where he stayed for four years.
Thereafter he was sent abroad for two years for further training. On his return,
Mr. Chuharmal was appointed Asst. Mechanical Engineer of East India Railways. In
1946 he was posted at Madura as District Mechanical Engineer.
the other son of Diwan Dingomal was born on Feb. 3rd 1923. Right from
the young age he was bright and hardworking and received double promotions in
the school. Mr. Gopal won many prizes from Hyderabad’s Gurdasmal High School.
He had leaning towards the religion and visited Gur Sangat regularly. Mr. Gopal
passed Matric (O level) in 1938 and joined D. J. Sind College at Karachi to do
his First Year Arts.
On Sept. 25th
1937, Mr. Gopal along with Prof. Ram Panjwani and ten other students went for a
picnic to Manhoro (Manhoro: an island off Kayamari at Karachi). They were in a boat when at about 8.30 p.m. a ship bearing name
‘Bindra’ collided with it. The boat capsized and five lives were lost. One
amongst them was Mr. Gopal. Grief gripped entire Sind at the tragedy.
son of Diwan Gurmukhdas was Mr. Karamchand who was the editor of ‘Sind
Journal’. Later, he was Sub. Editor of Karachi’s ‘Sind Observer’ and
retired as its Editor. His son Mr. Sanwaldas in 1946 was Asst. Director of the
son of Diwan Gurmukhdas was Mr. Sobhraj Advocate. Fifth son: Mr. Kewalram was an
insurance agent. The sixth son was Mr. Kundanmal BA. In 1946 Mr. Kundanmal
worked with Asst. Sindhi Translator’s Office.
Nanikram, one of the eight sons of Diwan Bhupatrai Atalrai, worked with Revenue
Department. He had five sons: M/s. Topandas, Lilaram, Tahilram, Parsram and
Parsram Nanikram was born in 1860. Sindhis were considered efficient, loyal,
faithful and dedicated workers. They were appointed by the Govt. to hold
important posts. Diwan Parsram had these qualifications and was appointed as
Mukhtiarkar (District Administrator) and First Class Magistrate. His superiors
were appeased and happy with him.
Parsram Nanikram was offered post of Deputy Collector provided he learnt
English. But that did not happen. Diwan Parsram remained Mukhtiarkar and held
the charge of Jamesabad, Amar Kot, Nagar Parker and Chhachhri.
Class Magistrate, Diwan Parsram gave benefit of doubt to the accused. The guilty
received caution and light sentences with a warning to either go straight or end
up in jail. He retired in the year 1916.
retirement Diwan Parsram spent time doing social work and helped Mirchandanis
and others. He expired in the year 1933 at the age of 73. A large number of
mourners gathered on hearing the news of his demise and attended the funeral.
Parsram had two daughters and three sons. Late Diwan Hiranand Santukram Advani
Advocate was married to his eldest daughter. His other son-in-law was Mr.
Mulchand Chandumal Gidwani B.A. who in 1946 was a teacher at Govt. High School.
sons of Diwan Parsram, Mr. Lokumal B.Sc. was member of Grade Selection Board of
the Karachi Govt. High School. The second son, Mr. Dayaram was a journalist.
Parsram’s third son Mr. Hassomal was born on Sept. 17 1903. He attended
Navalrai Hiranand Academy, Hyderabad College and Sydenham College of Commerce,
Bombay. After passing B. Com.
Degree, he joined Sind Co-Operative Bank as an Asst. Accountant. Thereafter Mr.
Hassomal became Inspector and Chief Inspector of Co-Operative Societies. Mr.
Hassomal thereafter joined Sind Provincial Co-Operative Bank as its Manger and
served at Larkana, Hyderabad and at Karachi. He also officiated as Acting
in College, Mr. Hassomal participated in the student movement and officiated as
their leader and secretary. He was Joint Secretary of the Bombay wing of the
Mahatma Gandhi awakened the nation with a call for freedom and independence.
This had an effect on Mr. Hassomal. He switched over to wearing khadi clothes.
of Diwan Assardas Bhawanidas, grandson of Diwan Mirchand, were called
Assardasani. Prominent amongst them: Diwan Bhagchand Fatehchand, Diwan
Kishinchand Naumal (father of Mr. Lekhraj “Aziz” poet), and Diwan Naraindas
Tuljaram (father of Diwan Ghanshamdas Executive Engineer).
Sajansingh Mirchand’s descendants were called Raimalani. Diwan Raimal had six
sons: M/s. Udharam, Hemandas, Madhavdas, Jethmal, Ramsingh and Thakurdas.
Jethmal’s roots came Master Motiram Teckchand. Master Motiram's grandfather
was Diwan Shamsingh son of Diwan Jethmal.
Ramsingh had two sons: Munshi Jashansingh and Mr. Daulatsingh.
Jashansingh’s grandson was Mr. Rewachand Hirasingh. Mr. Rewachand was head of
the Customs Appraising Dept. In 1946 he had retired and was on pension.
Thakurdas had four sons: M/s. Shewakram, Udharam, Lekhraj and Charatsingh.
Charatsingh’s son Mr. Issardas was renowned novelist and wrote fiction
Mirchandanis in Larkana as well. Amongst them was one Mr. Khirajmal who was
employed in private service. He had a large family and low income. Hence, he
could not afford to leave Larkana.
Mitimal’s (younger brother of Mr. Mirchand) descendants were called Mitimalani.
From his roots came Diwan Gianchand Amalrai.
Gianchand was a Range Forest Officer. He had five sons. Eldest son Mr. Gopaldas
had expired. His second son Mr. Daryadinomal was with Standard Oil Company and
retired in 1946. Diwan Gianchand’s third son was Diwan Bagomal, who retired as
a Deputy Collector. His fourth son Mr. Maniram was an Iron merchant at Karachi
and Diwan Gianchand’s fifth son was Dr. Ghanshamdas.
Gianchand’s father Diwan Amalrai, was brother of Munshi Adomal. Munshi Adomal
lived in Diwan Suratsingh Fozdar Ghitti.
Adomal’s son Mr. Parmanand and his children changed their surname from
Mirchandani to Chhablani. Mr. Hassomal Parmanand Chhablani was an Engineer and
retired in the year 1946.
Mirchandanis of Fozdari
Mitimal Mirchand had three sons: M/s. Amirchand, Chhatomal and Pritamdas. Their
descendants resided in Fozdari Ghitti.
Gajsingh Rajmal, grand son of Diwan Phulchand Amirchand had two sons: M/s.
Jotsingh and Amarsingh.
Jotsingh’s sons: Mr. Maneckrai and others. One of Diwan Amarsingh’s
grandsons was Master Nanikram Dharamdas. He was a novelist.
Nangomal was the son of Diwan Chhatomal. Diwan Nangomal’s son Mr. Jianmal had
two sons: M/s. Jethmal and Hassanand.
Hassanand’s son Diwan Premchand sired two sons: Diwan Kotumal and Diwan Ramrai.
Diwan Kotumal’s sons: Diwan Teckchand (and his son Mr. Metharam Retired Post
Master), and Diwan Khemchand (and his son Mr. Rupchand), and Mr. Shokiram.
Jethmal Jianmal sired three sons: Mr. Mangatram (his son Mr. Mulram and his son
Mr. Takhatram and others). The second son was Mr. Harumal (his sons Diwan Rambux,
M/s. Gopaldas and Chellaram) and Mr. Mangharmal.
Chelaram Harumal was born around the year 1842. He was Sub. Overseer. After
retirement he undertook contracts for supplies to Engineering Dept. Diwan
Chellaram was Mukhi of Fozdar Ghitti. He expired in Sept. 1904 at the age of 62.
Chelaram had three sons: Late Mr. Dayaram, Late Mr. Motumal and Mr. Varomal.
was born around the year 1872-1873. He was a Govt. City Surveyor and expired on
Sept. 23rd 1924 at the age of 52 years. Mr. Dayaram lived at Karachi
in Faiz Husseini Building, opposite Govt. High School. In his memory his wife Shrimati Uplibai constructed a Drinking Water
Fountain for public convenience near the school. Some time later Shrimati
Uplibai also passed away. They had no children.
Chelaram was born on 14th March 1883. After passing BA & LL.B.,
he practiced Law from 1907 to 1910 at Karachi. In the year 1911, he was
appointed Sub. Judge and was raised to the rank of Resident Magistrate. Later he
was Additional Sessions, and Sessions Judge. He, Mr. Varomal, retired on Sept. 1st
1939. After retirement he was legal advisor to the Court of Wards &
Encumbered Estates. In addition, he was also appointed as Debt Conciliation
Officer for Hyderabad and Karachi.
had five sons. The eldest son Mr. Gidumal was born at Shikarpur on 20th
May 1911. Like his father, Mr. Gidumal passed Law and practiced at Hyderabad. He
specialized in both Civil and Criminal Law.
Varomal’s second son Mr. Kishinchand worked with The British Overseas Airways
Mitimal’s third son was Mr. Pritamdas. He had three sons: M/s. Hotchand,
Mulchand and Harbuxrai.
roots of Diwan Hotchand came: Diwan Khanchand Jichandrai, Diwan Kalachand
Kiratrai, Mr. Ramchand Alimchand Advocate, Mr. Jhamatmal Valiram Advocate, Mr.
Hemandas son of Mr. Chandiram Partabrai of Colombo and Diwan Maniram Kansingh
Maniram’s one son Diwan Udharam did his ICS (Indian Civil Service) exam and
was at first a Collector, then District Magistrate and finally Revenue
Commissioner of Sind. Diwan Udharam was Municipal Commissioner of Bombay in
Hotchand’s second son was Diwan Kalachand. He had two sons. Mr. Awatrai and
Awatrai had five sons: Diwan Kishinchand, Master Kimatrai (his son Dr. Udharam
and others), Diwan Panjumal (his son Mr. Bassarmal alias Bahadursingh), Diwan
Amritrai and Diwan Assudomal.
Amritrai’s son Mr. Khemchand (Christen) was the editor of ‘Sind Journal’
and ‘Sindvasi’ newspaper.
Amritrai’s other son was Master Karamchand. His son Mr. Hiranand BA, was the
editor of Karachi’s ‘Hindu’ newspaper.
Diyaryomal’s two other son were:
Diwan Jairamdas (he had no children) and Diwan Balchand. From Diwan Balchand’s
roots: Mr. Khanchand Bulchand Jailer, Mr. Hotchand Gianchand Excise Inspector
(The following information was compiled and
printed by Diwan Bherumal M. Advani in his Part Two of ‘Sind Jay Hindun Jee
Tareekh’ published in early 1947).
Matomal (Matimalani) was brother of Diwan Mirchand, (forefather of Mirchandanis).
Diwan Matomal had three sons: M/s. Amirchand, Chhatomal and Pritamdas.
roots of Diwan Pritamdas came Diwan Jagatrai Joharmal and his brother Diwan
of Diwan Jagatrai were Diwan Khanchand Jeechandrai Surveyor and others.
Murjmal’s son was Diwan Kiratrai. Diwan Kiratrai had four sons: Diwan
Rattanchand (his offspring Diwan Jiwatram and others), Diwan Kalachand, Mister
Udharam and Mr. Hashmatrai (Pal) Advocate.
Kalachand Kiratrai was born at Hyderabad on April 30th 1858. He could
read and write Sindhi, Urdu, and Farsi. Though he had studied English only up to
Diwan Kalachand was well versed with the language.
Child marriages were common in those
days, and he, Diwan Kalachand, at the age of
twenty-one married daughter of Diwan Metharam Mangharmalani. One year after
marriage, Diwan Kalachand passed Engineering from Hyderabad Training College and
in Oct. 1878 was appointed Sub. Overseer of the Qanber Division.
Qanber, Diwan Kalachand stayed in the ashram of Sain Wilayatrai and Sain
Jiwatsingh with whom he had earlier come in contact. Diwan Kalachand was
influenced by their preaching and proclaimed Sain Jiwatsingh as his guru. While
living in the ashram he read Guru Granth Sahib, Ramayana, books written by Sufis
in Farsi, Bible and Quran Sharrif and shared his knowledge with others.
Kalachand was a Sant (Godly and pious) and kept distance from those who offered
bribe. By his sheer hard and honest work he was promoted to the rank of Sub.
Diwan Kalachand’s tenor, a Mr. Chandnani, who was then the Executive
suddenly expired at Tharoo Shah. Mr. Chandnani’s family lived at Hyderabad.
The Chief Engineer, who was an Englishman, suggested to Diwan Kalachand to take
Mr. Chandnani’s body to Hyderabad to enable his family to perform the last
arrangement, Diwan Kalachand left Tharoo Shah on a horse ahead of cortege
carrying the body for Pad Idan Station. The body was to follow carried by the
pallbearers. But before the body could reach the station, the train had arrived
and was ready to depart. Diwan Kalachand pleaded with the stationmaster to delay
the train. Stationmaster refused. But, as luck would have it, engine of the
train suddenly caught fire. By the time the fire was extinguished, the body had
been loaded on the train.
Kalachand opted for pension in the year 1930. He had made a study of herbal
medication and dispensed free medical aid. He wrote books on Uttam Gyan (Supreme
Spiritual Knowledge) viz. Jeevan Jyotiun, Uttam Tirth Athwa, Jap Sahib, Uttam
Haar, Saat Upna Si Vachan, Sat Dharam and Kiso Dalshad Begam Jo.
Kalachand expired on Aug. 11 1935, and left behind three sons: M/s. Tejumal,
Vishindas and Ramchand.
Kalachand was born on June 22 1883. He had passed his BA & LL.B. and
practiced law at Hyderabad.
Tejumal’s son Mr. Mohanlal also passed his B. A. & LL.B. and in the year
1947 he was an Advocate and later Police Prosecutor.
Tejumal’s second son Mr. Maneckrai had passed his Mechanical & Electrical
Engineering (BA, BE), and worked with M/s. Valkarts Bros. at Mirpur Khas.
above-mentioned Matimalani roots came Diwan Awatrai who had five sons: M/s.
Kishinchand, Master Kimatrai (his son Dr. Udharam and others), Amratrai and
Amratrai had two sons: Diwan Khemchand and Diwan Karamchand (his son Mr.
Hiranand, Editor of ‘Hindu”)’.
Assudomal was a celibate.
Khemchand Amratrai was born on Jan. 18 1866. His childhood friend Mr. Parmanand
Mewaram was younger to him in age by ten to twelve days. Mr. Parmanand studied
English upto fifth grade while Mr. Khemchand passed Matric. Later he started his
own private school at Hyderabad and taught English up to third grade.
In the year
1888, Sadhu Hiranand inaugurated ‘The Union Academy’. Mr. Khemchand
amalgamated his school with the Union Academy thereby giving students an
opportunity to study all the seven grades under one roof. Mr. Khemchand later
joined the Academy as a teacher.
Parmanand Mewaram was teaching at the Academy when Mr. Khemchand joined. The
other teachers who taught at the Academy were Master Sadhu Hiranand, Diwan
Pribhdas Shewakram (who later was bestowed the title of Rai Bahadur), Babu
Nandlal Sen and Babu Bhawani Charan Banerji (Upadhiya Brahm Bandu). All the four
were Brahmo (a religious Sect). Influenced by them both Mr. Khemchand and Mr.
Parmanand joined the sect.
Bhawani, in the company and influence of few Christian Priests accepted
Christianity and became a Protestant. But, later he opted to become Roman
Catholic instead. In his company, in the year 1891-1892, both Mr. Khemchand and
Mr. Parmanand converted to Christianity. They changed their names to Thomas and
Alex respectively. Mr. Khemchand’s youngest daughter also converted and was
renamed Agnes. In 1947 she was the principal of Hyderabad’s Kundanmal Girls
converting, the three left the Academy. Babu Bhawani and Mr. Khemchand took to
journalism and in 1896 Mr. Parmanand published ‘Jyot’, a newspaper.
Khemchand was editor of English newspaper ‘Hyderabad
Journal’ that was later called ‘Sind Journal’ and Sindhi newspapers called
‘Parbhat’ & ‘Sindvasi’. Working in the press effected his eyesight
to the extent that he was unable to move around on his own, but that did not
deter him from writing for the papers. In appreciation, Govt. of Sind gifted him
with land. Mr. Khemchand expired on Dec. 24 1941.
THE OTHER MIRCHANDANIS: -
Suratsingh Fozdari Ghitti, there lived the other Mirchandanis who were from the
roots of Munshi Jethmal Phulchand. Munshi Jethmal was a Tapdar (Revenue Officer)
and opted for pension in 1912. He then moved to Karachi where his sons were
gainfully employed. Munshi Jethmal expired in the year 1923. He left behind four
sons: M/s. Hiranand, Bhupatrai, Santdas and Udharam. Munshi Jethmal also had
three daughters. Two of them had expired. The third daughter Shrimati Rukmanibai
(Viranbai) was married to Mr. Hassomal Pribhdas Punwani.
Jethmal’s son Mr. Hiranand expired in 1940. His other son Mr. Bhupatrai had
worked as cashier with the ‘Commanding Royal Engineers’ at Karachi and had
since retired. In 1947 he was 69 years old. Mr. Bhupatrai had two sons who were
Jethmal’s third son Mr. Santdas was born in the year 1893 and worked with
Burma Shell Co. at Karachi. In the year 1941, while at work he felt pain in his
chest and left office for home. Reaching home he collapsed and passed away. Mr.
Santdas left behind four sons.
Jethmal’s fourth son Mr. Udharam was born around the year 1896. After passing
Matric he worked as a clerk in the High Court and later joined Customs Dept. as Superintendent
of Import Department. In the year 1947 he was transferred to Bombay.
Mirchandanis of Gosain Ghitti.
Mirchandanis who lived in Gosain Surajgar Ghitti adapted their Nukh as their
surname and called themselves ‘Makhijani’.
Makhijanis are descendants of Diwan Mitimal’s grandson: Diwan Harbuxrai
Pritamdas. From his roots came: Diwan Tharumal Karamchand, Diwan Sobhraj
Bagasingh, Diwan Issardas Chellasingh (father of Master Parmanand of Gur Sangat),
Diwan Partabsingh Jagatsingh and others.
same roots came Mr. Rewachand Gianchand alias Amina Nand (Christen). He was very
prominent. He founded the "Boys Own Home School" at Calcutta.
Khudabadi Bhaibunds lived in Mirchandani Ghitti and in its surrounding area.
Being neighbors they participated in all the Mirchandani functions and
considered themselves as Mirchandanis. To name a few of those Khudabadi Bhaibund
Mirchandanis: Vice Principal Mr. Bulchand Karamchand of Nav Vidyalaya, his
cousin Bhai Watumal Jhamandas of Honolulu, Hawaii and Bhai Shewakram Jhamandas
NOTANI: - Diwan Notandas.
Nukh: - Jethra.
lived at Bhareen District Navsheri Firoz. Bhareen was constructed by a Muslim
ruler named Bharhi around 250 years ago.
ancestor Diwan Jhamandas had three sons. His second son was Diwan Notandas.
reign of the Mirs, the zamindars and farmers were required to give a portion of
their crop to the Mirs in lieu of taxes. To collect their revenue, the Mirs had
employed Notanis as Revenue collectors and were called ‘Anbardars’ (granary
keeper). The Notanis were Anbardars.
after collecting the taxes were required to proceed to Hyderabad to submit
accounts and deposit the tax collected with the Mirs. The Notanis Anbardars, to
facilitate their stay at Hyderabad, jointly constructed a house near the
residence of Rajarshi Diwan Dayaram Gidumal.
Bahadur Diwan Pahlajrai’s father Diwan Khemchand Notani bought over the shares
of other Notanis and kept the house for his exclusive use. He reconstructed the
house to suit his own needs, making provision for his office (Kothi-Otaq) and
residence. Diwan Manghomal Issardas Idnani had lived in Diwan Khemchand’s
house for many years.
years 1880 to 1884, Lord Rupin introduced concept of Municipal Corporations and
from the year 1885 the Corporation started to function. Diwan Hiranand Notandas,
a zamindar and member of Sahiti Panchayat was appointed member of Bhareen
Hiranand, his younger brother Diwan Khemchand (the fourth son of Diwan Notandas)
was Sahiti’s most respectable and influential man. Though Diwan Khemchand was
a contractor but he choose to look after his farms and became a zamindar. He was
member of the Bhareen Sanitary Committee and also member of the managing
committee of the English School. Diwan Khemchand had keen interest in the
educational and panchayats affairs. He
expired in the year 1903.
Khemchand, his son Diwan Pahlajrai was Sahiti community’s most renowned and
respected man. Diwan Pahlajrai was born at Bhareen and after passing Engineering
he joined Govt. Engineering Dept. where he rose from the rank of Sub. Overseer
to Sub. Engineer and Honorary Asst. Engineer. This post was the highest rank a
person with Diwan Pahlajrai’s qualifications could reach.
Diwan Pahlajrai’s accomplishments, the Government bestowed upon him the title
of ‘Rai Bahadur’. Diwan Pahlajrai spent most of his years at ‘Shah Bunder’
and helped the unemployed youths to secure jobs. Diwan Pahlajrai had his own
property at Karachi but after his retirement he went back to Bhareen. Diwan
Pahlajrai was a devoted man and wanted to improve the status of the mankind in
Sind and serve the country. His pension papers had not yet been processed when,
alas, he expired in April 1916, leaving behind a daughter and four sons. While
at Bhareen, he with the aid of modern technology had got water wells dug.
Pahlajrai’s sons: M/s. Parmanand, Kimatrai, Sadhuram and Gagandas. Diwan
Pahlajrai’s brother Diwan Gurmukhdas zamindar aged 63, was living in the year
Parmanand, a pious man, first worked as a Govt. servant and later quit to look
after his farms. In 1946 he was living at Bhareen devoting his time to praising
the Lord in the company of Sadhus and Sants.
Kimatrai Pahlajrai was born in 1897. After finishing school he went back to his
village Jatti and did zamindari. He was member of the Local and School Boards.
In the year
1931, Diwan Kimatrai moved to Bhareen to look after his land that he had
received in his family separation. In 1946 he was chairman of Sanitation
Committee. Diwan Kimatrai was one of the founders of Bhareen School. His son Mr.
Lokumal, in the year 1946, had passed his B. A. and was a novelist.
Sadhuram Pahlajrai was a Doctor. After doing his M.B.B.S. he had gone to England
for higher degree. In 1946, he was Health Officer at Nawabshah.
Gagandas Pahlajrai, after passing his English fifth grade, first joined Govt.
service but later he opted for zamindari. In 1946, he joined Seth Ajoomal
Lilaram in his business as a partner.
VANHANS, VAVA: -
in Sanskrit means ‘Fire’. From this word was derived ‘Vahnyan’. The
pronunciation thereafter changed to ‘Vanhan’, meaning: ‘Aagahya’ or ‘Baah-wara’.
Most of Vanhan were Halwai (Mithaiwala), Pakoraii (Bajiawala), Bhogri (Chanawala),
Thhathra (Coppersmiths) and Sonara (goldsmiths). Their vocation was connected to
pronunciation gradually changed to ‘Vava’ also.
‘Vava’ are originally from Ayodhiya (Aodh), and have their links connected
to the roots of Shri Ramachandra’s son Kush. They worship ‘Devi Mata’ and
are Khatri Rajputs from Suryavanshi family. However having opted to trade they
are now considered ‘Vaishas’ (Traders).
or Vava’s ancestors had accompanied their Guru Sawai Jasraj when he came to
Sind with the Thadanis.
Many of the Vavas were highly educated and some were Doctors, Advocates and in
ASWANI: - Bhai Assumal.
Nukh: Rahta Sahta.
hail from Mori district Ghachiri (Gachiray). During the reign of Mir Fateh Ali
Khan they came to Hyderabad on some business errand and decided to stay on.
Their surname is named after their forefather Bhai Assumal.
‘Gachiraee’ as they were called in 1946, had their own panchayat and
selected their Mukhi from within their Gachiraee group.
Some of the
Aswanis were graduates and some in service and trade.
AILANI: - Seth Aildas Badomal.
hail from Tando Mohd. Khan. They were wealthy merchants (Seths). Their
forefather was Seth Aildas Badomal.
had seven sons. His two sons, Seth Khemchand and Seth Kesomal were closely
connected with Honorable Seth Harchandrai Vishindas Bharvani.
Kesomal’s son Seth Gianchand was a Mukhi and most influential man of Tando
Mohd. Khan. Seth Gianchand was maternal grand father (Nano) of Principal
Bharvani of Hyderabad College.
'The Source of Sindhi Surnames' is a
translation into English, by Mr. Narain Sobhraj Kimatrai from the original
in Sindhi by Mr. Diwan Bherumal Mahirchand